Pashmeena Ne Bikheri Kashmir Mein Nai Garamaahat

World »

Pashmeena Ne Bikheri Kashmir Mein Nai Garamaahat

suresh upaadhyaaya, shreenagar Kashmir ka pashmeena udyog bhi kesar ki raah par chal pada tha. Takareeban paanch saal pehle aisa maana ja raha tha ki yeh udyog kisi bhi samay yeh thap ho sakta hai. Beemaariyon, kudarat ki maar aur aarthik dikkaton ke kaaran pashmeena got ka vajood khatre mein pad gaya tha. Utpaadan kam ho raha tha aur is udyog se jude kaareegar aur pashupaalak doosare kaam ki or mudne lage the. In haalaat mein bhaarateeya krushi anusandhaan sansthaan (aaiseeeaar) aur yahaan ki sher-A-Kashmir egreekalcharal university ke saaintists ne samasya ki tah tak pahunchakar pashmeena kaarobaar mein nai jaan foonki. Pashmeena got Jammu-Kashmir ke leh ilaake mein pai jaati hai. Ise chaanathangi got ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. Ek samay yahaan ke pashupaalakon ki jeevika ka mukhya aadhaar yahi thi. Iske alaava Himachal aur uttaraakhand ke kuchh ilaakon mein bhi pashmeena bakariyaan pai jaati hain. 2009 ke aaspaas aise haalaat paida ho gaye the ki leh kshetr mein kuchh hi darjan pashmeena pashu bache the. Aise mein aaiseeeaar ne apne naishanal egreekalcharal inoveshan project (naip) ke jariye pashmeena pashu paalne vaale kisaanon ko inhein beemaariyon se bachaane ke tareeke bataae. Inhein thand mein mehfooz rakhane ke liye shed muhaiya karaae aur inka oon nikaalne ki nai takaneek di gayi. Is project ko kaamayaab banaane mein yahaan ki sher-A-Kashmir egreekalcharal university ke saaintists ne aham bhoomika nibhaai. Takaneek ki badaulat university ke saaintist Dr. Sarafaraaj A. Vaani ne bataaya ki lambe samay tak ki gayi koshishon ka nateeja yeh hai ki leh kshetr mein pashmeena bakariyon ki taadaad darjanon se saikadon pahunch gayi. In pashuon ko Himachal ke pashupaalakon ko bhi diya gaya hai. Ab vahaan bhi inki sankhya mein teji se badhotri ho rahi hai. Sarafaraaj ke anusaar pehle ek pashu se mushkil se 150 gram pashmeena oon mil paati ti. Nai takaneek ke istemaal se yeh badhkar 250 gram tak ho gayi hai. Iske saath hi pashmeena oon se dhaaga banaane ki nai takaneek ke kaaran utpaadan mein khaasi badhotri hui hai aur kaareegaron ko kaam karne mein sahooliyt hui hai. Pashmeena ko kesar aur akharot ki chhaal se rangane ki takaneek bhi kaareegaron ko sikhaai gayi hai. Is kaam mein daai ka prayog bhi kiya jaata hai. Dalaal maalaamaal raajya mein pashmeena udyog mein nai jaan padne ke baavajood is kaam mein lage kaareegaron ki haalat kharaab hai aur dalaal maalaamaal ho rahe hain. Pashmeena oon banaane ka kaam aamtaur par mahilaaen karti hain aur ye ek din mein bamushkil 60 rupaye kama paati hain. Isi tarah pashmeena shawl banaane vaale kaareegar bhi mehnat ke baavajood din mein 200 rupaye se jyaada naheen kama paate. Unki maang hai ki unke liye raajya sarkaar ko nyoonatam majadoori ka praavadhaan karna chaahiye. Nakali maal ki bharamaar kesar ki tarah baajaar mein pashmeena ke naam par milaavati aur nakali maal ki bharamaar hai. Iske kaaran pashmeena praudakt banaane vaale udyamiyon aur kaareegaron ko bhaari nuksaan ho raha hai. Iske alaava kastamar se bhi dhokha ho raha hai. Jo pashmeena shawl nau hajaar rupaye ki padti hai , use manamaani keemat par desh mein becha ja raha hai aur eksaport kiya ja raha hai. Kaise pahachaanein asli pashmeena praudakt mein se thoda oon nikaalkar use maachis se jalaaie. Iske baad ise hatheli par ragadiye. Agar ismein kisi tarah ke kan mahasoos hon , to samajhiye milaavat hai. Iske alaava praudakt ko lab mein check karaaya ja sakat a hai. Suresh upaadhyaaya, shreenagar Kashmir ka pashmeena udyog bhi kesar ki raah par chal pada tha. Takareeban paanch saal pehle aisa maana ja raha tha ki yeh udyog kisi bhi samay yeh thap ho sakta hai. Beemaariyon, kudarat ki maar aur aarthik dikkaton ke kaaran pashmeena got ka vajood khatre mein pad gaya tha. Utpaadan kam ho raha tha aur is udyog se jude kaareegar aur pashupaalak doosare kaam ki or mudne lage the. In haalaat mein bhaarateeya krushi anusandhaan sansthaan (aaiseeeaar) aur yahaan ki sher-A-Kashmir egreekalcharal university ke saaintists ne samasya ki tah tak pahunchakar pashmeena kaarobaar mein nai jaan foonki. Pashmeena got Jammu-Kashmir ke leh ilaake mein pai jaati hai. Ise chaanathangi got ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. Ek samay yahaan ke pashupaalakon ki jeevika ka mukhya aadhaar yahi thi. Iske alaava Himachal aur uttaraakhand ke kuchh ilaakon mein bhi pashmeena bakariyaan pai jaati hain. 2009 ke aaspaas aise haalaat paida ho gaye the ki leh kshetr mein kuchh hi darjan pashmeena pashu bache the. Aise mein aaiseeeaar ne apne naishanal egreekalcharal inoveshan project (naip) ke jariye pashmeena pashu paalne vaale kisaanon ko inhein beemaariyon se bachaane ke tareeke bataae. Inhein thand mein mehfooz rakhane ke liye shed muhaiya karaae aur inka oon nikaalne ki nai takaneek di gayi. Is project ko kaamayaab banaane mein yahaan ki sher-A-Kashmir egreekalcharal university ke saaintists ne aham bhoomika nibhaai. Takaneek ki badaulat university ke saaintist Dr. Sarafaraaj A. Vaani ne bataaya ki lambe samay tak ki gayi koshishon ka nateeja yeh hai ki leh kshetr mein pashmeena bakariyon ki taadaad darjanon se saikadon pahunch gayi. In pashuon ko Himachal ke pashupaalakon ko bhi diya gaya hai. Ab vahaan bhi inki sankhya mein teji se badhotri ho rahi hai. Sarafaraaj ke anusaar pehle ek pashu se mushkil se 150 gram pashmeena oon mil paati ti. Nai takaneek ke istemaal se yeh badhkar 250 gram tak ho gayi hai. Iske saath hi pashmeena oon se dhaaga banaane ki nai takaneek ke kaaran utpaadan mein khaasi badhotri hui hai aur kaareegaron ko kaam karne mein sahooliyt hui hai. Pashmeena ko kesar aur akharot ki chhaal se rangane ki takaneek bhi kaareegaron ko sikhaai gayi hai. Is kaam mein daai ka prayog bhi kiya jaata hai. Dalaal maalaamaal raajya mein pashmeena udyog mein nai jaan padne ke baavajood is kaam mein lage kaareegaron ki haalat kharaab hai aur dalaal maalaamaal ho rahe hain. Pashmeena oon banaane ka kaam aamtaur par mahilaaen karti hain aur ye ek din mein bamushkil 60 rupaye kama paati hain. Isi tarah pashmeena shawl banaane vaale kaareegar bhi mehnat ke baavajood din mein 200 rupaye se jyaada naheen kama paate. Unki maang hai ki unke liye raajya sarkaar ko nyoonatam majadoori ka praavadhaan karna chaahiye. Nakali maal ki bharamaar kesar ki tarah baajaar mein pashmeena ke naam par milaavati aur nakali maal ki bharamaar hai. Iske kaaran pashmeena praudakt banaane vaale udyamiyon aur kaareegaron ko bhaari nuksaan ho raha hai. Iske alaava kastamar se bhi dhokha ho raha hai. Jo pashmeena shawl nau hajaar rupaye ki padti hai , use manamaani keemat par desh mein becha ja raha hai aur eksaport kiya ja raha hai. Kaise pahachaanein asli pashmeena praudakt mein se thoda oon nikaalkar use maachis se jalaaie. Iske baad ise hatheli par ragadiye. Agar ismein kisi tarah ke kan mahasoos hon , to samajhiye milaavat hai. Iske alaava praudakt ko lab mein check karaaya ja sakat a hai.

Pashmeena Ne Bikheri Kashmir Mein Nai Garamaahat https://www.angrejinews.com/pic/52726