'Nitaakat Ke Nae Naurms Se Bhaarat Pareshaan

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'Nitaakat Ke Nae Naurms Se Bhaarat Pareshaan

Hajaaron bhaarateeya har saal Saudi arab naukri ki talaash mein jaate hain. Vahaan private sector ki companiyon mein kareeb 90 parseint hissedaari videshi kaamagaaron ki hai aur ittafaak se in pravaasi workers mein bahut badi taadaad bhaarateeyon ki bhi hai. Vahaan private sector ki naukariyon mein laagoo 'Nitaakat' system ke niyamon mein haal mein aae badlaav ki vajah se bhaarateeya kaamagaaron se naukri chhinne ka khatra mandaraane laga hai. Isse khaaskar Kerala sarkaar behad pareshaan hai, jahaan ke hajaaron log Saudi arab mein kaam karte hain. Chaliye, jaante hain kya hai poora maamala. . . Nitaakat system-Saudi arab ke ministri of lebar ne 2011 mein sthaaneeya logon ko vahaan ke private sector mein naukariyon mein badhaava dene ke maksad se 'Nitaakat' system ki shuruaat ki. Iske tahat companiyon ki greding ki jaati hai. -greding karne ke liye company mein kaam karne vaale kul karmachaariyon mein Saudi ke baashinde karmachaariyon ka parseintej nikaala jaata hai. Yah kailakuleshan naishanal leval par kiya jaata hai. - alag-alag kism ke jaub ke liye yah parseintej 6 parseint se lekar 50 parseint tak hona jaroori hai. Companiyon ko is parseintej ke aadhaar par aiksileint, green, yalo, aur red jaise gred diye jaate hain. - green aur aiksileint gred waali companiyon ko duniya ke kisi bhi hisse se karmachaariyon ki bharti karne ki manjoori hai, lekin yalo ya red companiyon par karmachaariyon ki bharti aur vark paramit jaari karne ko lekar kuchh paabandiyaan hain. - yalo companiyaan ek tayashuda vakt mein hi apne karmachaariyon ke vark paramit ka rinual kara sakti hain. Iske baad ve un karmachaariyon ka vark paramit rinual naheen kara sakeinge, jinhonne Saudi mein 6 saal se jyaada ka vakt naheen gujaara hai. - red companiyaan ko to Saudi lebar ministri ki or se di gain moolabhoot suvidhaaen masalan visa ishoo, traansafar karne ya nae visa ya bijnas branch ke liye aavedan karne ke adhikaar bhi haasil naheen hain. Hangaama hai kyon barapa? Saudi sarkaar ne program ko launch karte vakt 0-9 karmachaariyon waali micro (chhoti) companiyon ko nitaakat system ki greding se chhoot di. Pichhle saal ek naya niyam laagoo kiya gaya, jiske tahat nitaakat system ke tahat in chhoti companiyon ko di jaane waali chhoot khatm ho gayi. Is niyam ko laagoo karne ki deadline beete Budhvaar ko khatm ho gayi. Nae niyam ke tahat ab har company ko apne yahaan Saudi karmachaariyon ki ek nishchit sankhya rakhani hogi. Iske alaava, Saudi sarkaar ne har Saudi varkar ke liye nyoonatam maasik vetan 3000 riyaal tay kar diye hain. Aise mein ve log, jinhein 1500 riyaal prati maah ke vetan par rakha gaya hai, unhein nitaakat system ke nae niyamon ke tahat aadhe karmachaari ke taur par hi gina jaaega. Maana ja raha hai ki is vyavastha se sabse buri tarah se prabhaavit bhaarateeya varkar hi honge. Daraasal vark paramit ke bina ye bhaarateeya Saudi mein naheen rah sakte. Unhein ya to vaapas aana hoga ya fir unhein jabardasti svadesh bhej diya jaaega. Raaste abhi band naheen hue Saudi arab sarkaar ka maanana hai ki nitaakat system mein kiye gaye nae badlaav pravaasi kaamagaaron ke khilaaf naheen hai. Ek company jisko nae niyamon ke tahat visa ishoo ya rinyoo karne ka adhikaar naheen raha, vahaan kaam karne vaale workers ko turant desh chhodne ki jaroorat naheen hai. Ye log green ya aiksileint gred waali companiyon mein naukariyon ke liye aavedan kar sakte hain. Iske liye unhein apne pichhle inplauyar se manjoori lena jaroori naheen hai.

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