Namak Utpaadan Mein Bhaarat Teesare Sthaan Par

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Namak Utpaadan Mein Bhaarat Teesare Sthaan Par

Nai Delhi: namak hamamein se har kisi ke jeevan ka abhinn hissa hai. Bhaarateeya namak udyog ne pichhle chhah dashakon mein teji se vikaas kiya hai. Aajaadi ke samay jahaan ham namak ka aayaat karte the, vaheen aaj 120 namak utpaadak deshon mein se saalaana 2.4 karod tan ausatan vaarshik utpaadan ke saath Bhaarat teesare sthaan par hai. bhaarateeya namak udyog ghareloo 1.8 karod tan ki aavashyakta ko poora karne ke baad 20 deshon ko 50 lakh tan namak ka niryaat karta hai. desh mein banane vaale kul namak ka 70 pratishat samudri paani aur 28 pratishat bhoomigat samudri paani se aur shesh 2 pratishat jheelon ke jal/namak ki chattaanon se banta hai. Bhaarat mein seindha namak ka ekamaatr srot Himachal pradesh mein sthiti mandi hai. Desh ke kul namak utpaadan mein Gujarat, Tamil Nadu aur Rajasthan ki 96 pratishat bhaageedaari hai. Gujarat kul utpaadan mein 75 pratishat, Tamil Nadu 11 pratishat aur Rajasthan 10 pratishat ka yogadaan karte hain. iske alaava anya raajya jaise- Andhra pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Karnataka, pashchim Bengal, Goa, Himachal pradesh aur deev aur daman mein bhi namak ka utpaadan hota hai. Kul utpaadan ka 62 pratishat bade namak nirmaataaon, 28 pratishat laghu nirmaataaon aur shesh madhyam star ke nirmaataaon dvaara kiya jaata hai. Jyaadaatar namak ka utpaadan sirf niji kshetr dvaara kiya ja raha hai. bhaarateeya namak udyog Australia, Canada, France aur America aadi ke adhik masheeneekaran ki tulana mein adhik shramasaadhya takaneekon ka prayog karta hai. Bhaarat aavashyakta se adhik utpaadit ausatan 35 lakh tan namak ka niryaat karta hai. Bhaarat se Japan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, dakshin Korea, uttari Korea, Malaysia, sanyukt arab ameeraat, viytanaam aur Qatar aadi namak ka aayaat karte hain. kul namak utpaadan ka lagbhag 30 pratishat maanav aur pashuon dvaara upayog kiya jaata hai aur yeh vibhinn beemaariyon se ladne ke liye jaroori sookshm poshak tatvon ka vaahak hai. Namak kai rasaayanik udyogon mein mool tatv ke roop mein bhi aavashyak hai. Vishv star par kul utpaadit namak ka 60 pratishat raasaayanik udyog dvaara kachche maal ke roop mein istemaal kiya jaata hai. mukhya taur par iska istemaal klorin, kaastik soda aur soda aish mein kiya jaata hai, jahaan iska upayog vibhinn prakriyaaon jaise orgenik sinthesis, poleemar, petro chemicals aur petrolium rifaaining aadi mein kiya jaata hai. Iske saath hi iska upayog di-aaising, paani ke shuddhikran aur kooleint jaise prayogon ke liye bhi kiya jaata hai. samudra mein namak ka ansh kabhi khatm hone vaala naheen hai. Iske alaava pramukh namak utpaadak deshon mein bhi namak ka bada bhandaar hai. Namak mukhyat: Teen prakaar se seindha namak ke pratyaksh khanan se, samudri jal ko vaashpit kar aur samudri jal ko saur vaashpit kar utpaadit kiya ja sakta hai. namak jitna adhik shuddh hota hai usaka utana hi adhik moolya hota hai. Namak mein maignishiym sault ki ashuddhiyon ke kaaran aur nami ke chalte namak ke tukade banane ke saath-saath iske parivhan mein yeh anchaaha bojh bhi ban jaata hai. udaaharan ke liye- yadi sadak maarg se 1 karod tan namak ko kaheen bheja jaae aur ismein nami 4 pratishat ke star par ho, to hamein 40 hajaar atirikt fere lagaane honge. Is prakaar sookhe namak se kaarban foot print ko kam karne mein bhi madad milti hai. pichhle kai varshon mein namak ke kshetr mein kai aavishkaar hue hain. Vaigyaanik evam audyogik anusandhaan parishad ke anrtagat keindreeya namak evam samudri rasaayan anusandhaan sansthaan namak ke anusandhaan mein kaaryarat ek pramukh sansthaan hai, jisne uchch shuddhata ke namak utpaadan mein kam kharch waali takaneekon ke vikaas mein saraahaneeya yogadaan diya hai. bhaarateeya namak udyog namak utpaadan ke liye anya deshon jaise Australia aur maiksiko ki tulana mein naveen prayogon ka istemaal naheen karta hai, jisse nimn shreni ka namak utpaadan hota hai. Is prakaar ke ashuddh namak ki gunavatta mein sudhaar ke liye yaantrik safaai aur anya raasaayanik upachaaron ki aavashyakta hota hai. keindreeya namak evam samudri rasaayan anusandhaan sansthaan vibhinn raajya sarkaaron aur namak vibhaag ke saath namak ki gunavatta sudhaarane ke liye vibhinn kaaryakram chala raha hai, jismein aadarsh namak firm ki sthaapana bhi ki jaati hai, jo namak nirmaataaon ke liye pradarshan ikaai ke roop mein prayog hote hain. namak nirmaan mein yantreekaran/ aadhunikeekaran aur vibhinn udyogon ke lavaneeya avasheshon ke prayog se namak utpaadakata mein badhottri hoti hai. Isse na sirf utpaadan mein vruddhi, balki avasheshon ko samudra aur anya sthaanon par giraane ke dauraan paryaavaraneeya khataron mein bhi kami aati hai. bhaari varsha aadi ke kaaran namak utpaadan mein bhaari kami aa sakti hai. Is samasya ko yantreekaran aur namak utpaadan aur svachaleekaran se door kiya ja sakta hai. Namak utpaadan mein yantreekaran ke dvaara aavashyak maanav sansaadhan ki kami ko door karne ke saath-saath namak ki gunavatta aur utpaadan sudhaar mein madad milti hai. bhaarateeya namak udyog varsh 2020 tak ghareloo 2.5 karod tan ki aavashyakta aur 1 karod tan niryaat karne ke uddeshya ke maddenajar 4 karod tan utpaadan ka lakshya praapt karne ka prayaas kar raha hai. Yeh 6.1 lakh ekad bhoomi ke prabhaavi upayog aur aadhunik takaneekon ke dvaara utpaadan badhaakar praapt kiya ja sakta hai.

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