Jaanein Kya Hai Veto, Jisse Masood Azhar Ko Bachaata Hai Cheen

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Jaanein Kya Hai Veto, Jisse Masood Azhar Ko Bachaata Hai Cheen

Aatanki sangathan jaish-A-mohammad ke saragana masood Azhar ko global aatanki ghoshit karne ke prayaas par ek baar fir cheen ne adnga laga diya hai. Suraksha parishad ke chaar sthaayi sadasyon America, France, Britain aur roos ne iska samarthan kiya tha jabki cheen ne virodh kiya. Cheen ne jis veto power ka istemaal karke masood Azhar ko bachaaya hai, aaie aaj us veto power ke baare mein jaante hain. . . Veto kya hai? Veto laitin bhaasha ka shabd hai jiska matlab hota hai 'Main anumati naheen deta hoon'. Praacheen rom mein kuchh nirvaachit adhikaariyon ke paas atirikt shakti hoti thi. Ve in shakti ka istemaal karke rom sarkaar ki kisi kaarravaai ko rok sakte the. Tab se yeh shabd kisi cheej ko karne se rokane ki shakti ke liye istemaal hone laga. Maujooda samay mein yooen suraksha parishad ke paanch sthaayi sadasyon cheen, France,roos, UK aur America ke paas veto power hai. Sthaayi sadasyon ke faisale se agar koi sadasya sahamat naheen hai to vah veto power ka istemaal karke us faisale ko rok sakta hai. Yahi masood ke maamale mein hua. Suraksha parishad ke chaar sthaayi sadasya use global aatanki ghoshit karne ke samarthan mein the lekin cheen uske virodh mein tha aur usane adnga laga diya. Itihaasafaravari, 1945 mein kreemiya, Ukraine ke shahar yaalta mein ek sammelan hua tha. Is sammelan ko yaalta sammelan ya kreemiya sammelan ke naam se jaana jaata tha. Isi sammelan mein soviyt sangh ke tatkaaleen pradhaanamantri Joseph staalin ne veto power ka prastaav rakha tha. Yaalta sammelan ka aayojan yuddh baad ki yojana banaane ke liye hua tha. Ismein Britain ke pradhaanamantri vinsatan charchil, soviyt sangh ke pradhaanamantri Joseph staalin aur America ke raashtrapati di. Roojavelt ne hissa liya. Vaise veto ka yeh kaunsept saal 1945 mein hi naheen aaya. 1920 mein league of nations ki sthaapana ke baad hi veto power vujood mein aa gaya tha. Us samay league kaaunsil ke sthaayi aur asthaayi sadasyon, donon ke paas veto power thi. (photo: Saabhaar wikimedia commons) Pehli baar kab hua istemaala16 February, 1946 ko soviyt samaajavaadi ganaraajya sangh (yooesaesaaar) ne pehli baar veto power ka istemaal kiya tha. Lebanon aur Syria se videshi sainikon ki vaapasi ke prastaav par yooesaesaaar ne veto kiya tha. Us samay se ab tak veto ka 291 baar istemaal ho chuka hai. Sabse jyaada kisne kiya istemaal? Shuruaati saalon mein soviyt roos ne sabse jyaada veto ka istemaal kiya. Ab tak yeh 141 baar veto ka istemaal kar chuka hai jo ab tak ke kul veto ka kareeb aadha hai. America ne ab tak 83 baar veto ka istemaal kiya hai. Pehli baar isne 17 March, 1970 ko veto kiya tha. 1970 ke baad se America ne anya sthaayi sadasyon ke mukaabale sabse jyaada iska istemaal kiya hai. America ne veto ka jyaadaatar istemaal ijaraayal ke hiton ki raksha ke liye kiya hai. Britain ne 32 baar istemaal kiya hai. Pehli baar 30 October, 1956 ko svej sankat ke dauraan kiya tha. France ne pehli baar 26 June, 1946 ko iska istemaal kiya tha aur ab tak 18 baar veto kiya hai. Cheen ne 15 baar veto ka istemaal kiya hai. Pehli baar 13 December, 1955 ko cheen ganaraajya (aaraosi) dvaara kiya gaya tha. Sheet yuddh ke baad naya rujhaana1991 mein sheet yuddh ke samaapt hone ke baad sthaayi sadasyon dvaara veto ke istemaal ka naya rujhaan dekhne ko mila hai. 23 December, 1989 ke baad France aur England ne ek bhi baar iska istemaal naheen kiya hai. Shuroo mein cheen ne bahut kam veto kiya lekin uske baad kaafi sakriya ho gaya. Roos ne 22 baar to America ne sheet yuddh ke baad 16 baar veto ka istemaal kiya. Haaliya veeto13 March, 2019: Masood Azhar ko vaishvik aatanki ghoshit karne ke prastaav par cheen ne veto ka istemaal kiya. 28 February, 2019: Venezuela ke raashtrapati sankat ke ek prastaav par cheen aur roos ne veto kiya 1 June, 2018: 2018 gaaja border virodh mein ijaraayal dvaara taakat ke istemaal ki aalochna ke prastaav par America ne veto kiya 10 April, 2018: Syria ke gruh yuddh mein raasaayanik hathiyaaron ke istemaal ki jaanch ke prastaatav par roos ka veto 28 February, 2017: Syria mein raasaayanik hathiyaaron ke pratibandh par cheen aur roos ka veto.

Jaanein Kya Hai Veto, Jisse Masood Azhar Ko Bachaata Hai Cheen https://www.angrejinews.com/pic/261069