yoonaani dharm

jiyus, devataaon ka raaja, jo bijli aur aakaash par adhikaar rakhata hai.

praacheen yoonaani dharm (athva praacheen greek dharm) praacheen yoonaan (grees) desh ka sabse mukhya- aur raajadharm tha. ye ek moortipoojak aur bahudevataavaadi dharm tha. ismein ek adrushya ishvar ki avadhaarana naheen thi. isaai dharm ke raajadharm banane ke baad isaaiyon ne ispar pratibandh laga diya aur iske devi-devataaon ko shaitaan karaar diya. iske baad ye lupt ho gaya.

greek pauraanik kathaaen, un praacheen yoonaaniyon, unke devataaon, naayakon, duniya ki prakruti, anushthaan prathaaon ke mahatva ke vishay mein sambandhit mithkon aur kinvadantiyon ka aadhaar hain. ve praacheen grees mein dharm ka ek hissa theen aadhunik vidvaanon ne in mithkon ka adhyayan kar praacheen grees, iski sabhyata ki dhaarmik aur raajaneetik sansthaaon par prakaash daala hai aur laabh mithk banaane ki prakruti ko samajhne ka prayaas kiya hai.

greek pauraanik kathaaen katha roop me bhaari maatra mein sangraheet hain. inka bada sangrah paroksh roop me fooladaanaon par ukeri kala krutiyon ke roop mein, bhittichitron ki dvaara duniya ki utpatti ke vivranaon, jeevan aur devataaon, devi, naayakon, naayikaaon aur pauraanik praaniyon ki ek vistrut vividhta ke romaanch ki vyaakhya karne ka prayaas karatae hai. in kathanakon ko shuroo mein ek maukhik kaavya parampara mein failaaya gaya, aaj greek mithkon ko greek saahitya se mukhya roop se jaana jaata hai.


Iliad aur odisi do mahaakaavya, praacheenatam gyaat yoonaani saahityik srot, trojan yuddh ke aaspaas ki ghatnaaon par dhyaan keindrit hain. homar ke samakaaleen hesiyd, Theogony ke aakkhyaan duniya ki utpatti, divya shaasakon va unke uttaraadhikaariyon ke, maanav yugon ke baare mein maanaveeya sankat ke bhayayogya udgam aur bali prathaaon kevishya me jaankaari dete hain. mithk homer ke bhajanon mein bhi sanrakshit hain, is kaal ke kaavya khandon mein, geya kavitaaon mein, paanchaveen shataabdi E.poo. ke helenistik yug ke vidvaanon aur kaviyon ki rachanaaon mein se, roman saamraajya ke samay plootaark aur Pausanias jaise lekhakon dvaara traasadiyon ki rachana ki gayi.

is dharm ke kai devataaon ke samtulya devata praacheen roman dharm mein milte hain aur kuchh hindu dharm mein bhi.

is lekh mein devataaon ke angreji uchchaaran diye gaye hain, maulik yoonaani naheen.

anukram

devata

is dharm mein kai devata the : jyoos (devaraaj), daayonaaisas, Apollo, iros, erees, haramees, hedees, kronos, haifeestas, posaaidan, ityaadi. lagbhag sabhi devi-devataaon ke roman dharm mein samakaksh devataagan mil sakte hain.

deviyaaain

pramukh deviyaaain theen : heera, aifrodaaiti, atheena, aartemis, dimeetar, hestiya, parsifoni, ityaadi.

pooja

pooja mukhyat: pashubali dvaara hoti thi (gaaya, saand, sooar, bhed, bakara aadi). yoonaani logon ne devataaon ke liye kai khoobasoorat sangemaramari mandir banaaye the.

olampiks

yoonaani purush devataaon ke sammaan mein olympic khel har saal aayojit karte the. vo maanate the ki unke devataagan olympic parvat par rahate hain. baarah pramukh olampiyn devataagan the : jyoos, daayonaaisas, heera, posaaidan, hedees, aifrodaaiti, atheena, hestiya, atheena, Apollo, aartemis, erees, haifeestas aur haramees (inmein se baarah kaun hain, ismein antarvirodh tha).