yarushalam

yarushalam
jerusalem
Jerusalem infobox image.JPG
Emblem of Jerusalem.svg
chinh
Flag of Jerusalem.svg
dhvaj
yahoodi יaaְaaרaaוaaּaaשaaָaaׁaaלaaַaaיaaִaaם
(Translit.) Yerushalayim
arabi saamaanyat: اaaلaaقaaـaaُaaدaaْaaس (al-kuds);
ijraayal mein aadhikaarik أaaوaaرaaشaaلaaيaaم اaaلaaقaaدaaس
(urashaalim-al-kuds)
naam ka arth yahoodi: (neeche dekhein),
arabi: "pavitra"
sarkaar City
jile
janasankhya 933,113 (2012)[1] (2007)
adhikaar kshetr 1,25,156 dunam (125.156 kimi2; 48.323 varg meal)
mahaapaur neer barakat
jaalasthal www.jerusalem.muni.il[i]
yerushalam ki sthiti

yarushalam (ibraani : yerushalayim, arabi : al-kuds) ijraayal desh ki rajdhani hai, jo kuchh deshon dvaara vivaadit hai. ye yahoodi dharm, isaai dharm aur islaam dharm, teenon ki pavitra nagari hai. itihaas gavaah hai ki yerushalam praacheen yahoodi raajya ka kendra aur rajdhani raha hai. yaheen yahoodiyon ka paramapavitr sulaimaani mandir hua karta tha, jise romanon ne nasht kar diya tha. ye shahar isa maseeh ki karmabhoomi raha hai. yaheen se hajrat muhammad svarg gaye the.

rajdhani hone ke alaava yeh ek mahat‍aavapoorn paryatan s‍aathal bhi hai. is shahar mein 158 girijaaghar tatha 73 masjidein sthit hain. in girijaagharon aur masjidon ke alaava bhi yahaaain dekhne laayak bahut kuchh hai. the ijaraayal m‍aayoojiym, yaad bhaseem, Nobel abh‍aayaaran, al ak‍aasa masjid, kuv‍aavat al sakaara, musaala maravaan, soloman teinpal, ves‍aatarn Wall, debids gum‍aabad aadi. yahaaain ke pramukh darshaneeya s‍aathal hain.

anukram

mukhya aakarshan

ijaraayal sangrahaalaya

yeh ijraayal ka sabse bada m‍aayoojiym hai. is m‍aayoojiym mein praacheenatam granth rakhe hue hain. ijaraayal m‍aayoojiym mein praacheen ijraayal shahar ka model bhi rakha hua hai. ismein puraataat‍aavik vas‍aatuon ka bhi ach‍aachha sangrah hai. is m‍aayoojiym ka adhikaansh bhaag 2010 E. tak purnarnimaan kaaryon ke kaaran aam janta ke liye band kar diya gaya hai.

yaad bhaseem

yeh ijraayal ka holokaus‍aat m‍aayoojiym hai. is m‍aayoojiym mein pravesh ka koi shul‍aak naheen hai. das varsh se kam umr ke bach‍aachon ko m‍aayoojiym ke sabhi bhaagon mein pravesh ki anumati naheen hai.

Nobel abh‍aayaaran

yeh abh‍aayaaran jerusalam ke puraane shahar ke muslim bhaag mein sthit hai. shahar ke is bhaag mein muslim kaal ke um‍aamaiyad shaasan se lekar otoman shaasan ke dauraan bani mahat‍aavapoorn imaaraton ko dekha ja sakta hai. yeh bhaag us samay se lekar aaj tak muslim dharm ki shiksha ka mahat‍aavapoorn kendra bana hua hai. yeh abh‍aayaaran 35 ekad kshetrafal mein faila hua hai. is abh‍aayaaran mein fav‍aavaare, bageeche, gum‍aabad aadi bane hue hain.

al ak‍aasa masjid

isi masjid se is‍aalaam dharm ki ut‍aapati maani jaati hai. maana jaata hai ki isi s‍aathaan se is‍aalaam dharm ke paingam‍aabar muham‍aamad saahab s‍aavarg ke liye pras‍aathaan kiye the.

kuv‍aavat al sakaara

yerushalam mein teen dharmon ka sangam hota hai.

yeh imaarat Nobel abh‍aayaaran ke madh‍aaya mein al ak‍aasa masjid ke vipreet disha mein sthit hai. yeh jerusalam ka sabse mahat‍aavapoorn bhaag maana jaata hai. is imaarat ka gunbad sone ka bana hua hai. is imaarat ka deevaal ash‍aatakoneeya hai. isko arabi shaili mein sajaaya gaya hai.

musaala maravaan

yeh sanrachana Nobel abh‍aayaaran ke dakshini bhaag mein sthit hai. yeh bhavan 8veen sadi mein um‍aamaiyad shaasan mein banavaaya gaya tha. is imaarat ka prayog mein vartamaan mein namaaj padhne ke liye kiya jaata hai.

soloman teinpal

baaibil mein iska ul‍aalekh pratham mandir ke naam se milta hai. is mandir ka nirmaan 10veen shataab‍aadi isa poorv mein hua tha. lekin bebeelon ke shaasakon ne 586 E. mein ise tod daala tha. baad mein is mandir ka purnarnimaan kiya gaya. aaj bhi is mandir ke avasheshon ko dekha ja sakta hai. yeh mandir hibroo sanpradaaya se sambandhit hai.

ves‍aatarn Wall

ise kotel ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. yeh jerusalam ke puraane shahar mein sthit hai. yeh Wall isaai dharm se sambandhit hai. iska nirmaan 19 E. ke kareeb hua tha.

debids gum‍aabad

yeh gum‍aabad puraane shahar mein jiyon pahaadi par bana hua hai. hibroo baaibil ke anusaar David ko yaheen par dafnaaya gaya tha.

aavaagaman

havaai jahaaj dvaara jerusalam jaana sabse sugam maana jaata hai. ven guriyn antarraash‍aatreeya havaai adda yahaaain ka sabse najadeeki havaai adda hai. yeh havaai adda vish‍aav ke pramukh deshon se niyamit flaaiton ke maadh‍aayam se juda hua hai.

gailari

chitramaala

Panorámica de Jerusalén desde el Monte de los Olivos.jpg

sandarbh

  1. "Population figures - End of 2007" (PDF). Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2007-12-31. http://www.cbs.gov.il/population/new_2009/table3.pdf. abhigman tithi: 2007-12-31.

anya srot

  • Cheshin, Amir S.; Bill Hutman and Avi Melamed (1999). Separate and Unequal: the Inside Story of Israeli Rule in East Jerusalem Harvard University Press
  • Cline, Eric (2004) Jerusalem Besieged: From Ancient Canaan to Modern Israel. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press ISBN 0-472-11313-5.
  • Collins, Larry, and La Pierre, Dominique (1988). O Jerusalem! Simon and Shuster, N.Y. ISBN 0-671-66241-4
  • Gold, Dore (2007) The Fight for Jerusalem: Radical Islam, The West, and the Future of the Holy City Regnery Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978-1-59698-029-7
  • Köachler, Hans (1981) The Legal Aspects of the Palestine Problem with Special Regard to the Question of Jerusalem Vienna: Braumüaller ISBN 3-7003-0278-9
  • The Holy Cities: Jerusalem produced by Danae Film Production, distributed by HDH Communications; 2006
  • Wasserstein, Bernard (2002) Divided Jerusalem: The Struggle for the Holy City New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-09730-1

baahari sootr


sarkaari

saanskrutik

shiksha

maanachitr

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 31°a47′aN 35°a13′aE / 31.783°aN 35.217°aE / 31.783; 35.217