yaask

yaask
poora naam yaask
janm chhathi se paaainchavi isaapoorv ke madhya
yug vaidik kaal ke antim varshon mein
kshetr bhaarateeya upamahaadveep
mukhya ruchiyaaain sanskrut vaiyaakaran
ullekhaneeya vichaar praacheen suvyavasthit vyaakaranakartaaon mein se ek
mukhya krutiyaaain nirukt

yaask vaidik sanjnyaaaon ke ek prasiddh vyutpatikaar evam vaiyaakaran the. inka samay 10veen sadi isa poorv tha. inhein niruktakaar kaha gaya hai. nirukt ko teesara vedaaङaag maana jaata hai. yaask ne pehle 'nighntu' naamak vaidik shabdakosh ko taiyaar kiya. nirukt usi ka visheshan hai. nighntu aur nirukt ki vishay samaanata ko dekhte hue saayanaachaarya ne apne 'rigved bhaashya' mein nighntu ko hi nirukt maana hai. 'vyaakaran shaastr' mein nirukt ka bahut mahatva hai.

anukram

yogadaan

yaask nirukt ke lekhak hain , jo shabd vyutpatti ,shabd vargeekaran va shabdaarth vigyaan par ek takaneeki prabandh hai. yaask ko shaakataayan ka uttaraadhikaari maana jaata hai, jo vedon ke vyaakhyaanakarta the ; unka ullekh yaask ki rachanaaon mein milta hai. nirukt mein yeh samajhaane ka prayaas kiya gaya hai ki kuchh vishesh shabdon ko unka arth kaise mila visheshakar vedon mein diye gaye shabdon ko. ye dhaatuon , pratyayon va asaamaanya shabd sangrahon se shabdon ko banaane ke niyam tantr se yukt hai.

varnaagamo varnavipryayashch dvau chaaparau varnavikaaranaashau |
dhaatostathaarthatishyen yogastaduchyate panchavidhan niruktam.

nirukt ke teen kaand hain- naighantuk, naigam aur daivat. ismein parishisht sahit kul chaudah adhyaaya hain. yaask ne shabdon ko dhaatuj maana hai aur dhaatuon se vyutpatti karke unka arth nikaala hai. yaask ne ved ko brahm kaha hai aur use itihaas richaaon aur gaathaaon ka samuchchaya maana hai. [1]

shaabdik vargeekaran va kathan ke ang

yaask ne shabdon ke chaar vargon ka varnan kiya hai:

1. naam = sanjnyaa ya mool roop.

2. aakhyaat = kriya

3.upasarg

4. nipaat

yaask ne satv vidya se sambandhit do vargon ko ek kiya : kriya ya kaarya (bhaav:) , tatv ya jeev (satv:). iske baad sarvapratham inhonne kriya ka varnan kiya jismein bhaav:( kriya) prabal hota hai jabki doosari or satv: (vastu) prabal hota hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain