viytanaami lipi

viytanaami vikipeediya ka ek lekh

viytanaami lipi (viytanaami bhaasha : chữ Quốac ngữ; shaabdik arth- raashtra bhaasha lipi) viytanaami bhaasha ko likhne ke liye prayukt aadhunik lipi hai. yeh laitin lipi par aadhaarit hai, aur vishesh roop se purtagaali varnamaala par. ismein kuchh daaigraaf tatha aikseint chinh jodkar yeh lipi bani hai jismein chaar ka prayog atirikt dhvani ke liye kiya jaata hai jabki anya paaainch ka upayog pratyek shabd ka 'ton' (tone) bataane ke liye kiya jaata hai. viytanaami varnamaala apni daayatriks ki adhikta (aur praay: ek hi varn par do daayatriks) ke kaaran aasaani se pahachaani jaati hai.

anukram

varn

viytanaami varnamaala mein 29 varn hai.

A Ă Â B C D Đ E Ê G H I K L M N O Ô Ơ P Q R S T U Ư V X Y
a ă â b c d đ e ê g h i k l m n o ô ơ p q r s t u ư v x y

inke alaava nimnalikhit 10 daaigraaf/traaigraaf bhi prayog kiye jaate hain-

CH, GH, GI, KH, NG, NGH, NH, PH, QU, TH, TR

laitin varnamaala ke ye varn - "F", "J", "W" aur "Z" viytanaami bhaasha ke lekhan mein upayog naheen hote balki videshi shabdon ke lekhan mein hi inka istemaal hota hai.

varnon ke naam tatha uchchaaran

viytanaami varn
varn naam aaipeee
A a a /aːa˧/
Ă ă á /aːa˧a˥/
 â /əaːa˧a˥/
B b bê; bờ /ɓae˧/
C c xê; cờ /se˧/
D d dê; dờ /ze˧/
Đ đ đaê; đaờ /ɗae˧/
E e e /ɛa˧/
Ê ê ê /e˧/
G g giê; gờ; ghê /ʒae˧/
H h hắat; hờ /hat˧a˥/
I i i; i ngắan /i˧/
K k ca /kaːa˧/
L l e-lờ; lờ /ɛa˧aləaːa˧a˩/
M m em-mờ;em; mờ /ɛam˧aməaːa˧a˩/
N n en-nờ; en; nờ /ɛan˧anəaːa˩/
O o o /ɔa˧/
Ô ô ô /o˧/
Ơ ơ ơ /əaːa˧/
P p pê; pờ; bê phở (colloq.) /pe˧/
Q q cu; quy; quờ /ku˧/
R r e-rờ; rờ /ɛa˧aʐaəaːa˧a˩/
S s éat; sờ; xờ mạaanh; xờ nặang /ɛat˧a˥/
T t tê; tờ /te˧/
U u u /u˧/
Ư ư ư /ɨa˧/
V v vê, vờ /ve˧/
X x íach; xờ; xờ nhẹ /ik˧a˥/
Y y i dàai; i-cờ-réat /i˧azaːaj˧a˩/

daaigraaf tatha traaigraaf ke uchchaaran

  • KH - [x]
  • NG - [ŋ]
  • NH - [ɲ]
  • PH - [f]
  • TH - []
  • TR - []
  • QU - [kw]
  • GH - anya vartani G (svar i , e aur ê ke pehle).
  • NGH - anya vartani NG (svar i , e aur ê ke pehle).

svar

viytanaami lekhan mein vartani aur uchchaaran mein seedha sambandh naheen hai balki jatil sambandh hai. kuchh sthitiyon mein ek hi varn anya dhvaniyon ko nirupit karta hai; doosari taraf do ya adhik varn ek hi dhvani ke liye prayukt hote haim.

svar uchchaaran svar uchchaaran
a /ɐaaː/, /ɐ/, /ɜ/ o &nbsp/, /w/}}
ă /ɐ/ ô /o/, /ɜaaw/, /ɜ/
â /ɜ/ ơ /əaaː/, /ɜ/
e /ɛ/ u /u/, /w/
ê /e/, /ɜ/ ư /ɨ/
i /i/, /j/ y /i/, /j/

byanjan

byanjan
varnim (Grapheme) dhvani (aaipeee) tippani
uttari dakshini
b /ɓ/
c /k/
ch /c/
/ʲaak/ /t/ word-final
d /z/ /j/ In Middle Vietnamese, saaaincha:Angbr was pronounced [ð].
đ /ɗ/
g /ɣ/
gh /ɣ/ Used before saaaincha:Angbr to avoid confusion with saaaincha:Angbr
gi /z/ /j/ In Middle Vietnamese, saaaincha:Angbr was pronounced [ʝ].
h /h/
k /k/
kh /x/ //
l /l/
m /m/
n /n/
ng /ŋ/
ngh /ŋ/ Used before saaaincha:Angbr to avoid confusion with saaaincha:Angbr
nh /ɲ/
/ʲaaŋ/ /n/ word-final
p /p/
ph /f/
qu /kw/ /w/
r /z/ /ɹ ~ ʐ/
s /s/ /s/ or /ʂ/ In Middle Vietnamese, saaaincha:Angbr was pronounced [ʂ].
t /t/
th //
tr /c/ /ʈaa͡aaʂ/
v /v/ /j/
x /s/ In Middle Vietnamese, saaaincha:Angbr was pronounced [ɕ].