vishv ke prasiddh vaigyaanik aur unke avishkaaron ka sankshipt varnan

vishv ke prasidhd vaijnyaaaniko ke naam tatha unka sankshipt varnan neeche diya gaya hai-

anukram

alekjaandar Graham bail (Alexander Graham Bell)

san 1875 mein skautis vaigyaanik alekjeindar Graham bail (1847-1922) ne pehli baar manushya ki aavaaj ko vidyut taaro se safalta poorvak prasaarit kiya. bail ne apne sahakarmi ko pehla shabd kaha-Thomas Watson. agale varsh unhone telephone ka petent kara liya.

alfred Nobel (Alfred Nobel)

sveedis rasaayanajnya alfred Nobel (1833 -1896) ne san 1867 mein daayanaamaait aur san 1875 mein geligaanaait, visfotak padaarthon ka aavishkaar kiya, jisne unhein bahut ameer bana diya | maranoparaant ve Nobel puraskaar ke liye apaar sanpada chhod gaye jo ki vigyaan, kala aur aushadh ke kshetr mein vishisht upalabdhi ke liye diya jaata hai |

aarmediyo avogaadro (Amedeo Avogadro)

san 1806 mein itaaliyn vakeel emedeeyo evogedro (1776-1856) ne bhautiki ke adhyayan ke liye apna pesha chhod diya. san 1811 mein evogedro ne darshaaya ki samaan taapamaan aur samaan dabaav mein, samaan aayatan ki sabhi gaiso mein, kano ki sankhya samaan hoti hai. yeh niyam ab evogedro ka niyam kahalaata hai.

entoin laavoiseeyar (Antoin Lavoisier)

French rasaayanajnya entoin laavoisiyr (1743 -1794) ne bataaya ki jvalanasheelata ek raasaayanik kriya hai, vaayu gaison ka ek sammishran hai va jal haaidrojan aur okseejan ka ek ghatak hai |

arastoo (Aristole)

greek daarshanik arastoo (384-322 ipoo) maanate the ki bhaari vastu, halki vastu ki tulana mein adhik veg se girti hai. unki yeh dhaarana tab tak maanya rahi jab tak ki itaaliyn bhautikvid geleeliyo geleeli ne dikhaaya ki gurutvaakarshan sabhi vastuo ko samaan veg se apni or kheenchati hai.

agastin fresanel (Augustin Fresnel)

french bhautikvid ogastin fresanel (1788-1827) ne prayogo se sidhd kiya ki prakaash tarango ke rup mein chalta hai. unhone dhruvit prakaash ka avishkaar kiya. unhone ek aise leins ka nirmaan kiya jiski satah keindrit chhallenuma sidheeyo ki rinkhala ki tarah kati hui thi. is tarah ke leins ko fresanel leins kehte hai. yeh prakaash kendreeyakaran ke liye achha leins hai. fresanel leins ka upayog laait house, sarch laait aur car head laait mein hota hai.

krishchiyn dauplar (Christian Doppler)

jab koi gatisheel dhvani strot hamaare najadeek aata hai, to prateet hota hai ki dhvani ki teevrata kramash: badh rahi hai aur door jaane par ghat rahi hai. dhvani ke is prabhaav ki vyaakhya san 1842 mein ostreeyan bhautikvid krishchiyn dauplar (1803-1853) ne ki. unhone bataaya ki dhvani tarango ke rup mein chalti hai aur jaise jaise yeh paryavekshak ke sameep aati jaati hai to iski aavruti badhati jaati hai va door jaane par kramash: ghatati jaati hai. yeh prabhaav ab " dauplar prabhaav " se jaana jaata hai.

edamand haili (Edmond Healley)

dhoomaketuon ka naam saamaanyat: unke khojakarta ke naam par rakha jaata hai parantu ek dhoomaketu hai jiska naam angrej khagolavid edamand haili (1656 - 1742) ke maranoparaant rakha gaya | vah pehle vyakti the jinhonne bataaya ki dhoomaketu aavarti hote hai aur yeh ek nishchit kaksha mein bhraman karte hue baarambaar pruthvi ke aasmaan mein najar aate hai |

edavin habal (Edwin Hubble)

san 1923 mein American khagolavid edavin habal (1889-1953) ne sidhd kiya ki mandaakini ke alaava bhi anya aakaashagangaao ka astitv hai. unhone aakaar ke anusaar aakaashagangaao ka vargeekaran kiya. unhone darshaaya ki aakaashagangaaen ek doosare se door ja rahi hai aur sidhd kiya ki brahmaand fail raha hai.

emil berliner (Emile Berliner)

jarman avishkaarak emil berliner (1851-1929) ne graamofon ka avishkaar kiya, jismein flet deesk mein dobaara dhvani rikaurdeeng ki ja sakti thi. unhone is taareeke ka bhi avishkaar kiya jismein ek master kaupi se sau se bhi adhik rikaurdeeng ki ja sakti thi.

enreeko farmi (Enrico Fermi)

itaaliyn bhautikvid enariko farmi (1901-1954) san 1938 mein Italy chhodakar kaarya karne America chale gaye. unhone pehla naabhakeeya riyektar Chicago ke vishvavidyaalaya ke aprachalit skvesh court mein banaaya. riyektar ka upayog kar unhone naabhakeeya vikhndan abhikriya rinkhala praapt ki.

fred hauyal (Fred Hoyle)

angrej khagolavid fred hauyal (1915 -2001) ne beesaveen sadi ke kai mahatvapoorn khagoleeya prashnon ko hal karne mein aham bhoomika nibhaai hai | jisme mukhya roop se nyukliyosinthesis ko samajhaana hai ki kaise raasaayanik tatv taaron ki bheetar haaidrojan banaate hai |

fritj haibar (Fritz Haber)

san 1908 mein jarman rashaayanashaastri fritj haaber (1868-1934) ne kshaareeya amoniya banaane ki prakriya ka vikaas kiya jiska upayog urvarak aur visfotak banaane mein kiya jaata hai. haaber ne vaayu mein amoniya ko garm kar naaitrik aml banaane ke tareeke ka avishkaar kiya.

gaileeliyo gailili (Galileo Galilei)

itaaliyn khagolavid aur bhautikshaastri geleeliyo geleeli (1564-1642) ne san 1610 mein bahut shaktishaali teleeskop ka nirmaan kiya. is teleeskop ki sahaayata se unhone saikado taaro ko dekha jo pehle kabhi dekhe naheen gaye the. mandaakini ka avlokan kar unhone bataaya ki ismein vibhinn aakaaro ke asankhya taaro aur klastaro ke samooh ek saath rahate hai.

giovaani keseeni (Giovanni Cassini)

shani grah ke chhallo mein kai khaali sthaan hai jismein sabse bada keseeni vibhaajan french khagolashaastri giovaani keseeni (1625-1712) ke naam par rakha gaya hai. ve ek nipun paryavekshak the, unhone shani ke chaar chandramaaon ki khoj ki thi. unka mangal grah ka paryavekshan sauramandal mein dooriyon ke nirdhaaran mein bahut madadgaar raha.

gugaleeelmo maarkoni (Guglielmo Marconi)

itaaliyn abhiyanta gugaleeelmo maarkoni (1874-1937) pehle vyakti the jinhone sanketo ko radio ke maadhyam se bhejane ke sidhdaant ka petent karaaya tha. maarkoni yuvaavastha mein Italy mein apni pustaini ataari mein radio tarango ke saath parikshan karte rahate the. 1901 mein unhone pehli baar mors code ka upayog kar radio sanket atalaantik mahaasaagar ke paar bheja.

sar aaijk nyootan (Issac Newton)

isaak nyootan (1643-1727) vishv ke prasidhd vaijnyaaaniko mein se ek the, unka janm inglend ke voolsathorp mein hua tha. unhone gati ke teen niymo ki rachana ki thi. ve 1672 mein royal society ke felo choone gaye.

James Clark Maxwell (James Clerk Maxwell)

skautis bhautikvid James klerk Maxwell (1831-1879) pehle vyakti the jinhone bataaya ki prakaash vidyutachunbakeeya vikirn ka hi ek rup hai. san 1864 mein unhone ganiteeya sameekarano se vidyut chunbakeeya varnakram ke astitv ko sidhd kiya. Maxwell ne varn aur varn andhatv ka bhi adhyayan kiya tha.

jaan ingenahaauj (Jan Ingenhousz)

dach naagrik jaan ingenahaauj (1730-1799) ne bhautikshaastr, rasaayanashaastr aur chikitsaashaastr ka adhyayan kiya tha. ve pehle vyakti the jinhone prakaash sanshleshan ka adhyayan kiya. unhone Joseph pristali ki khoj ki paudhe okseejan chhodate hai ko aage badhaaya aur baad mein unhone paudho mein gaiso ke aadaan-pradaan ke kaaryo ko prakaashit kiya. ingenahaauj ne dikhaaya ki paudho ke hare bhaag ujaale mein kaarban daai oksaaid grahan kar, okseejan chhodate hai tatha andhere mein theek iske viprit vyavahaar karte hai.

John naipiyr (John Napier)

John nepiyr (1550-1617) ek skautis ganitjnya the. unhone sankhyaaon se sambandhit kai mahatvapoorn khoje ki thi. nepiyr laghuganak ki khoj ke kaaran bahut prasidhd the. laghuganak ne jatil gananaaon ko bahut aasaan bana diya tha. kai ganitjnya evam vaigyaanik laghuganak ka upayog samasyaao ko hal karne aur naye sidhdaant banaane mein karte hai.

Joseph pristale (Joseph Priestly)

angrej vaigyaanik aur paadari Joseph pristali (1733-1804) ne san 1734 mein okseejan ki khoj ki thi. pristali ne iske alaava kai anya gaiso, jaise naaitras oksaaid (hansaane waali gas) aur amoniya ka bhi avishkaar kiya tha. unhone kaarban daai oksaaid ka adhyayan kiya aur kaarbanikrut (drav) jal ka avishkaar kiya.

jesef vaun fraunahaufar (Joseph Von Fraunhofer)

jarman bhautikvid josef von fraanahaafar (1787-1826) ka dhyaan darpan banaane aur leins paulees karne ke prashikshan ke dauraan prakaash ki prakruti ki or aakarshit hua. is prashikshan ne unhe spektroskop ka avishkaarak banaaya. 1814 se 1817 tak unhone iska upayog soorya utsarjit varnakram ke vaigyaanik adhyayan ke liye kiya.

lins paauling (Linus Pauling)

American rashaayanashaastri leenas paauling (1901-94) ko rasaayanashaastr mein kiye gaye unke kaarya " rasaayanik bandh aur anu ki sanrachana " par 1954 ka Nobel purushkaar diya gaya. unhone parmaanu bandho mein lagne waali oorja, inke beech ke kon aur beech ki dooreeyon ka aakalan kiya tha. naabhakeeya hathiyaaro ke pareekshan par rok sambandhi prayaaso ke kaaran unhe 1962 ka Nobel shaanti purushkaar bhi diya gaya.

laais mitnar (Lise Meitner)

ostriyn mool ki bhautikvid laais mitnar (1868 -1978) ne naabhakeeya bhautiki ke kshetr mein mahatvapoorn khojein ki |unhonne apne sahakarmi bhautikvid otto haan ke saath milkar protekteeniym tatv ki khoj ki |

nikolas koparaniks (Nicolaus Copernicus)

polaind ke khagolavid nikolas kauparaniks (1473-1543) ne brahmaand ke prati tatkaaleen dhaarana ko badal kar rakh diya. kauparaniks ne bataaya ki soorya brahmaand ka kendra hai na ki pruthvi. unke is sidhdaant ko saadhaaranataya apna liya gaya. 17 vi sadi mein khagolavido ne yeh sidhd kiya ki pruthvi aur anya grah apni apni kakshaao mein soorya ka chakkar lagaate hai.

meri kyuri (Marie Curie)

poleind mein janmeen bhautikvid meri kyuri (1867 -1934) rediyodharmi padaarthon ke adhyayan ke liye jaani jaati hai | unhonne do nayein tatvon poloniym aur rediym ki khoj ki | unhein san 1903 mein bhautiki aur san 1911 mein rasaayanashaastr ke kshetr mein kiye gaye ullekhaneeya kaaryon ke liye Nobel purushkaar diya gaya |

maiks plaank (Max Planck)

jarman bhautikvid maiks plaank (1858-1947) ne kvaantam bhautiki ki neenv rakhi. plaank ne vikirn ki vidyut chunbakeeya prakruti gyaat ki. unhone Krishna vastu par anek shodh kiye. san 1918 mein unhe Nobel purashkaar se sammanit kiya gaya.

mortimr hveelar (Mortimer Wheeler)

tatkaalin prasidhd puraatatvavetta mortimr chheelar (1890-1976) ne puraatatv sansthaan London ki neenv daali. san 1944 mein ve Bhaarat mein puraatatv vibhaag ke nideshak bane. unhone sindhu ghaati sabhyata ki khoj ki.

Robert Watson-vaat (Robert Watson-Watt)

skautis bhautikvid Robert Watson-vaat (1892-1973) ne 1930 mein pehle praayogik raadaar vyavastha ka vikaas kiya tha. dvitiya vishvayudhd mein is vyavastha ka upayog havaai hamalo se poorv sachet karne ke liye kiya gaya.

satyendr naath Basu (Satyendra Nath Bose)

bhaarateeya bhautikvid evam ganitjnya satyendranaath Bose (1894-1974) kvaantam yaantriki mein kiye gaye kaarya se jaane jaate hai. brahmaand mein paaye jaane vaale do tarah ke kano mein se ek " bosaun " Bose ke naam par rakha gaya hai. Bose-aainstaain saankhyiki se kano ke vyavahaar ko samjha ja sakta hai. Bose ko san 1954 mein padm vibhooshan se sammaanit kiya gaya.

svaante arhiniys (Svante arrhenius)

sveedis vaigyaanik svent arheniys (1859-1927) ko apne is anusandhaan ke liye kaafi prashansa mili ki kaise koi ghatak vilyan mein aayan banaate hai. apne kaaryo se unhone samajhaaya ki yeh haaidrojan aayan hi hai jo apne vishesh guno se aml ka nirmaan karte hai.

Thomas yang (Thomas Young)

angrej chikitsak evam bhautikvid Thomas yang (1773-1829) ne prakaash ke tarang vyavahaar ko sidhd karne ke liye anek pareekshan kiye. unhone bataaya ki vibhinn varn, vibhinn lambaai ki prakaash tarange hai. 1801 me yang ne varn drushti ki khoj ki aur samajhaaya ki manushya ki aankho mein teen tarah ke varn sanvedak hote hai, jinhe ab shanku koshika ke naam se jaana jaata hai, jo ki neele, laal aur hare prakaash ke prati samvedansheel hoti hai.

William henari braig (William Henry Bragg)

angrej bhautikvid William henari breg (1862-1942) aur unke putr William laurens breg ne khoj ki ki jab ksh-kiran kristal mein se hokar gujarati hai to vo fotografik film par binduo ki vishisht pratikruti banaati hai. yeh pratikruti kristal ke bheetar maujud paramaanuo ki vishisht vyavastha ko darshaati hai.