vishv dharohar

yoonesko ki vishv viraasat samiti ka logo

yunesko vishv viraasat sthal aise khaas sthaanon (jaise van kshetr, parvat, jheel, marusthal, smaarak, bhavan, ya shahar ityaadi) ko kaha jaata hai, jo vishv viraasat sthal samiti dvaara chayanit hote hain; aur yahi samiti in sthalon ki dekharekh yunesko ke tatvaadhaan mein karti hai.

is kaaryakram ka uddeshya vishv ke aise sthalon ko chayanit evam sanrakshit karna hota hai jo vishv sanskruti ki drushti se maanavata ke liye mahatvapoorn hain. kuchh khaas paristhitiyon mein aise sthalon ko is samiti dvaara aarthik sahaayata bhi di jaati hai. ab tak (2006 tak) poori duniya mein lagbhag 830 sthalon ko vishv viraasat sthal ghoshit kiya ja chuka hai jismein 644 saanskrutik, 24 mile-jule aur 138 anya sthal hain.

pratyek viraasat sthal us desh vishesh ki sampatti hoti hai, jis desh mein vah sthal sthit ho; parantu antarraashtreeya samudaaya ka hit bhi isi mein hota hai ki ve aanevaali peedhiyon ke liye aur maanavata ke hit ke liye inka sanrakshan karein. balki poore vishv samudaaya ko iske sanrakshan ki jimmevaari hoti hai.

anukram

itihaas

sammelan poorv

san 1959 mein, misr ki sarkaar ne aasvaan baandh banavaane ka nishchaya kiya. isse praacheen sabhyata ke abu sinbal jaise anek bahumulya ratnoain ke khajaane se bhari ghaati ka baadh meain bah jaana nishchit tha. tab yunesko ne misr aur soodaan sarkaaron se appeal karne ke alaava, iske rakshopaaya ek vishvavyaapi abhiyaan chalaaya. isse yeh tay hua ki abu sinbal aur file mandir ko bhinn paashaan tukadon mein alag karke, ek ooainche sthaan par le jaakar pun: sthaapit kiya. is pariyojana ki laagat lagbhag $80 million thi, jismein se $40 million 50 bhinn deshon se ikaththa kiya gaya tha. ise vyaapak taur par, poorn safalta maana gaya tha aur isse prerit anekon aur abhiyaan chale (jaise venis aur uske laigoon ka sanrakshan Italy mein, mohan-jo-dado Pakistan mein aur Indonesia mein borobodar mandir praangan). tab yunesko ne antarraashtreeya smaarak aur sthal parishad ke saath pahal karke, ek sammelan kiya, jo maanavata ke saarvajanik saaainskrutik dharoharon ka sanrakshan karega.

sammelan evam prushthabhoomi

sarvapratham sanyukt raajya ne saanskrutik sanrakshan ko praakrutik sanrakshan ke saath sainyukt karne ka sujhaav diya. 1965 mein ek white house sammelan mein ek “avishv dharohar trasta” ki maaaing uthi, jo vishv ke sarvottam praakrutik aur aitihaasik sthalon ko vartamaan peedhi aur samast bhavishya naagarikta hetu sanrakshit kare”. antarraashtreeya prakruti sanrakshan sangh ne 1968 mein aise hi prastaav diye aur jo 1972 mein sanyukt raashtra sangh ke maanaviya paryaavaran par staukahom, sveedan mein sammelan mein prastut hue.

sabhi shaamil paartiyon ne ek samaan rai par sahamati di aur “avishv ke praakrutik aur saanskrutik dharoharon par sammelana” ko yunesko ke saamaanya sabha ne 16 November 1972 ko sveekruti di.

naamaankan prakriya

kisi bhi desh ko pratham to apne mahatvapoorn saanskrutik aur praakrutik dharoharon ki ek soochi banaani hoti hai. ise aajamaaishi soochi kehte hain. yeh aavashyak hai, kyonki vah raashtra aisi kisi sampada ko naamankit naheen bhi kar sakta hai, jiska naam us soochi mein pehle hi sammilit na hua ho. doosare, vah is soochi mein se kisi sampada ko chayanit kar naamaankan file mein daal sakta hai. vishv dharohar kendra is file ko banaane mein salaah deta aur sahaayata karta hai, jo kisi bhi vistaar tak ho sakti hai.

is bindu par, vah file svatantr rup se do sangathanon dvaara aankalit ki jaati hai: antarraashtreeya smaarak aur sthal parishad aur vishv sanrakshan sangh. yeh sansthaaen fir vishv dharohar samiti se sifaarish karti hai. samiti varsh mein ek baar baithati hai aur yeh nirnaya leti hai, ki pratyek naamaankit sampada ko vishv dharohar soochi mein sammilit karna hai ya naheen. kabhi yeh samiti apna nirnaya surakshit bhi raakhi sakti hai, raashtra party se aur soochana nivedan karte hue. kisi sthal ko is soochi mein sammilit hone ke liye, das maanadand paar karne hote hain.

chayan maanadand

yeh maanadand apni maulikta rakhane hetu abhi angreji mein diye gaye hain, sahi anuvaad upalabdh hone par hindi mein badal diye jaayeinge.

Site #86: memfis, misr aur usaka nekropolis, saath hi geeja ke piraamid (misr).
Site #114: parsepolis (Iran).
Site #389: stoodeintika math (Serbia).
Site #438: The cheen ki vishaal deevaar (cheen).
Site #444: ait benahaddou ka ksaar (morokko).
Site #483: chichen itjaa yukaitain mein, (Mexico).
Site #540: seint peetarsabarg ka etihaasik kendra evam uske upanagar (roos).
Site #723: sintra ka saanskrutik bhoobhaag (Portugal).
anant prem ka chinh taaj mahal, jise mugal samraat shaahajahaaain ne Bhaarat mein banavaaya.
Site #772: The baanau Rice taires, ifugaao parvat, (filipeens).
Site #776: shinto itsukunshima ki majaar, hiroshima (Japan mein).
Site #936: kueva dila maanos sudoor paitaagoniya (arjenteena) mein.
Site #960: en:Geghard monaistri (Armenia).

san 2004 ke ant tak, saanskॄtik dharohar hetu chh: maanadand the aur praakॄtik dharohar hetu chaar maanadand the. san 2005 mein, ise badal kar kul milaakar das maanadand bana diye gaye. kisi bhi naamaankit sthal ko nyoonatam ek maanadand to poora karna hi chaahiye.[1]

saanskrutik maanadand

praakrutik maanadand

saaainkhyiki

inhein bhi dekhein: raashtra paartiyon par aadhaarit vishv dharohar sthalon ki saarani

vartamaan mein 851 vishv dharohar sthal hain, jo 142 raashtra paartiyon mein sthit hain. inmein se, 660 saanskrutik hain aur 25 mili juli sampadaaen hain. adhik vistaar se dekhein to raashtra paartiyon ka vargeekaran paaainch bhoogoleeya mandalon mein hota hai:

yeh dhyaan yogya hai, ki roos aur kaukeshas raashtra Europe aur uttari amareeka mandal mein aate hain.

yunesko bhoogoleeya mandal gathan mein, prashaasan par adhik bal diya gaya hai, bajaay unki bhoogoleeya sthiti ke. isi kaaran se gogh dweep, jo dakshin atalaantik mahaasaagar mein sthit hai, Europe aur uttari amareeka mandal ka bhaag hai, kyonki iska naamaankan sanyukt raajashaahi ne kiya tha.

nimn saarani sthalon ka vistaar se naamaankan bataati hai, unke mandal aur vargon ke hisaab se:

kshetr praakrutik saanskrutik mile-jule kul %
Africa 33 38 3 74 9%
arab raajya 3 58 1 62 7%
Asia-prashaant 45 126 11 182[2] 21%
Europe & uttari amareeka 51 358 7 416 49%
dakshin amareeka & kairibiyn 34 80 3 117 14%


vishv dharohar sthalon ki soochi

vishv dharohar sthalon ke samiti satr

vishv dharohar samiti varsh mein kai baar baithati hai, jismein vartamaan astitv mein vishv dharoharon ke prabandhan ke upaaya charchit hote hain aur saath hi ruchir raashtron ke naamaankan bhi sveekaar kiyi jaate hain. vishv dharohar samiti satr vaarshik hota hai, jahaan IUCN aur/ya ICOMOS dvaara prastut hone par aur raashtra-paartiyon se vimarsh kar ke, sthalon ko aadhikaarik roop se vishv dharohar soochi mein sammilit ghoshit kiya jaata hai. yeh vaarshik satr vishv ke bhinn shaharon mein se ek mein ho sakta hai. pairis, France mein hue satr ko chhodkar (jahaaain yunesko mukhyaalaya sthit hai) keval un raashtra paartiyon ko bhavishya ke satr ki mejabaani karni ka adhikaar hai, jo is samiti ke sadasya hain, ya unka sadasyata satr samiti ke bhavishya satr se pehle hi samaapt na ho raha ho

satr varsh tithi mejabaan shahar raajya party
1 1977 27 joon–1 July pairis Flag of France.svg France
2 1978 5 sitanbar–8 September Washington dee॰ see॰ Flag of the United States.svg sanyukt raajya
3 1979 22 aktoobar–26 October kairo & laksar Flag of Egypt.svg misr
4 1980 1 sitanbar–5 September pairis Flag of France.svg France
5 1981 26 aktoobar–30 October Sydney Flag of Australia.svg Australia
6 1982 13 dismbar–17 December pairis Flag of France.svg France
7 1983 5 dismbar–9 December floreins Flag of Italy.svg Italy
8 1984 29 aktoobar–2 November byoones aayars Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
9 1985 2 dismbar–6 December istanbool Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey
10 1986 24 navanbar–28 November pairis Flag of France.svg France
11 1987 7 dismbar–11 December pairis Flag of France.svg France
12 1988 5 dismbar–9 December braasiliya Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
13 1989 11 dismbar–15 December pairis Flag of France.svg France
14 1990 7 dismbar–12 December baaainf, albarta Flag of Canada.svg Canada
15 1991 9 dismbar–13 December kaarthej Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
16 1992 7 dismbar–14 December santa fe Flag of the United States.svg sanyukt raajya
17 1993 6 dismbar–11 December kaartegona, kolonbiya Flag of Colombia.svg kolonbiya
18 1994 12 dismbar–17 December fuket Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
19 1995 4 dismbar–9 December barlin Flag of Germany.svg Germany
20 1996 2 dismbar–7 December mereeda Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
21 1997 1 dismbar–6 December nepals Flag of Italy.svg Italy
22 1998 30 navanbar–5 December kyoto Flag of Japan.svg Japan
23 1999 29 navanbar–4 December marrakesh Flag of Morocco.svg morokko
24 2000 27 navanbar–2 December kairsain, kveensalaind Flag of Australia.svg Australia
25 2001 11 dismbar–16 December helsinki Flag of Finland.svg Finland
26 2002 24 joon–29 June budaapest Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
27 2003 30 joon–5 July pairis Flag of France.svg France
28 2004 28 joon–7 July sujhou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg cheen
29 2005 10 julaai–17 July darban Flag of South Africa.svg dakshin Africa
30 2006 8 julaai–16 July viliniys Flag of Lithuania.svg lithuaaniya
31 2007 23 joon–1 July kraaistacharch Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
32 2008 2 July-10 July kyoobek city Flag of Canada.svg Canada

inhein bhi dekhein

not

  1. "kraaiteriya for selekshan". vishv dharohar. http://whc.unesco.org/en/criteria/. abhigman tithi: 2006-10-14.
  2. The Uvs Nuur basin located in Russia and in Mongolia is here included in Asia-Pacific zone.

baahya kadiyaaain

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