vishnu prabhaakar

vishnu dayaal
Vishnu prabhakar.jpg
vishnu prabhaakar
upanaam: vishnu prabhaakar
janm: 21 June 1912
mujaffaranagar, uttar pradesh, Bhaarat
mrutyu: 11 April 2009
Delhi, Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: lekhak
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: aadhunik kaal
vidha: gadya
vishay: kahaani, upanyaas, naatak va nibandh
pramukh kruti(yaaain): aavaara maseeha, pankhaheen
lekhan

vishnu prabhaakar (21 June 1912- 11 April 2009) hindi ke suprasiddh lekhak the jinhone anekon laghu kathaaeain, upanyaas, naatak tatha yaatra sansmaran likhe. unki krutiyon mein deshaprem, raashtravaad, tatha saamaajik vikaas mukhya bhaav hain.

anukram

jeevan parichay

vishnu prabhaakar ka janm uttarapradesh ke mujaffaranagar jile ke gaanv meeraapur mein hua tha. unke pita durga prasaad dhaarmik vichaaron vaale vyakti the aur unki maata mahaadevi padhi-likhi mahila theen jinhonne apne samay mein parda pratha ka virodh kiya tha. unki patni ka naam susheela tha. vishnu prabhaakar ki aaranbhik shiksha meeraapur mein hui. baad mein ve apne maama ke ghar hisaar chale gaye jo tab Punjab praant ka hissa tha. ghar ki maali haalat theek naheen hone ke chalte ve aage ki padhaai theek se naheen kar paae aur gruhasthi chalaane ke liye unhein sarkaari naukri karni padi. chaturth vargeeya karmachaari ke taur par kaam karte samay unhein pratimaah 18 rupaye milte the, lekin medhaavi aur laganasheel vishnu ne padhaai jaari rakhi aur hindi mein prabhaakar va hindi bhooshan ki upaadhi ke saath hi sanskrut mein prajnyaa aur angreji mein bi.A ki degree praapt ki. vishnu prabhaakar par mahaatma gaaaindhi ke darshan aur siddhaanton ka gahra asar pada. iske chalte hi unka rujhaan Congress ki taraf hua aur svatantrata sangraam ke mahaasamar mein unhonne apni lekhani ka bhi ek uddeshya bana liya, jo aajaadi ke liye satat sangharsharat rahi. apne daur ke lekhakon mein ve premachand, yashapaal, jaineindr aur ajnyaeya jaise mahaarathiyon ke sahayaatri rahe, lekin rachana ke kshetr mein unki ek alag pehchaan rahi.

vishnu prabhaakar ne pehla naatak likha- hatya ke baad, hisaar mein naatak mandali mein bhi kaam kiya aur baad ke dinon mein lekhan ko hi apni jeevika bana liya. aajaadi ke baad ve nai Delhi aa gaye aur sitmbar 1955 mein aakaashavaani mein naatya nirdeshak ke taur par niyukt ho gaye jahaaain unhonne 1957 tak kaam kiya. varsh 2005 mein ve tab surkhiyon mein aae jab raashtrapati bhavan mein kathit durvyavaahar ke virodh svaroop unhonne padm bhooshan ki upaadhi lautaane ki ghoshana ki. unka aaranbhik naam vishnu dayaal tha. ek sampaadak ne unhein prabhaakar ka upanaam rakhane ki salaah di. vishnu prabhaakar ne apni lekhani se hindi saahitya ko samruddh kiya. unhonne saahitya ki sabhi vidhaaon mein apni lekhani chalaai. 1931 mein hindi milaap mein pehli kahaani deevaali ke din chhapane ke saath hi unke lekhan ka jo silsila shuroo hua, vah aaj aath dashakon tak nirantar sakriya hai. Nathuram sharma prem ke kehne se ve sharat chandr ki jeevani aavaara maseeha likhne ke liye prerit hue jiske liye ve sharat ko jaanane ke lagbhag sabhi sabhi sroton, jagahon tak gaye, baangla bhi seekhi aur jab yeh jeevani chhapi to saahitya mein vishnu ji ki dhoom mach gayi. kahaani, upanyaas, naatak, ekaanki, sansmaran, baal saahitya sabhi vidhaaon mein prachur saahitya likhne ke baavajood aavaara maseeha unki pehchaan ka paryaaya ban gayi. baad mein a‌aarddhanaareeshvar par unhein beshak saahitya academy puraskaar mila ho, kintu aavaara maseeha ne saahitya mein unka mukaam alag hi rakha.[1]

vishnu prabhaakar ne apni vaseeyat mein apne sampoorn angadaan karne ki ichha vyakt ki thi. iseeliye unka antim sanskaar naheen kiya gaya, balki unke paarthiv shareer ko akhil bhaarateeya aayurvigyaan sansthaan ko saunp diya gaya.[2] ve seene aur mootr mein sankraman tatha nyumoniya ke kaaran 23 March 2009 se mahaaraaja agrasen aspataal mein bharti the. unhonne 20 March se khaana-peena chhod diya tha. unke parivaar mein do bete aur do betiyaaain hain.[3]

pramukh krutiyaaain

upanyaas- dhalati raat, svapnamayi, ardhanaareeshvar, dharati ab bhi ghoom rahi hai, kshamaadaan, do mitr, paap ka ghada, hori,

naatak- hatya ke baad, nav prabhaat, Doctor, prakaash aur parachhaaiyaaain, baarah ekaanki, ashok, ab aur nahi, tootte parivesh,

kahaani sangrah- sangharsh ke baad, dharati ab bhi dhoom rahi hai, mera vatan, khilone, aadi aur ant,

aatmakatha- pankhaheen naam se unki aatmakatha teen bhaagon mein Rajkamal prakaashan se prakaashit hui hai.

jeevani- aavaara maseeha,

yaatra vrutaant- jyotipunj himaalaya, jamuna ganga ke naihar mai.

sammaan

padmabhooshan, ardhanaareeshvar upanyaas ke liye bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth ka moortidevi sammaan tatha saahitya academy puraskaar, soviyt land neharu puraskaar ityaadi

sandarbh