vipinchandr paal

bipin chandr paal
bipin chandra paal
janm - sthaan: habeebaganj jila, (vartamaan Bangladesh)
aandolan: bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam
pramukh sangathan: bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress, brahm samaaj

bipin chandra paal (baangla:বaaিaaপaaিaaন চaaনaa্aaদaa্aaর পaaাaaল) (7 November, 1858 - 20 May 1932) ek bhaarateeya kraantikaari the. Bhaarat ke svatantrata aandolan ki buniyaad taiyaar karne mein pramukh bhoomika nibhaane waali laal-baal-paal ki tikdi mein se ek vipinchandr paal raashtravaadi neta hone ke saath-saath shikshak, patrakaar, lekhak va behatareen vakta bhi the aur unhein Bhaarat mein kraantikaari vichaaron ka janak bhi maana jaata hai.

laala laajapat rai, baalagangaadhar tilk evam vipinchandr paal (laal-baal-paal) ki is tikdi ne 1905 mein Bengal vibhaajan ke virodh mein angreji shaasan ke khilaaf aandolan kiya jise bade paimaane par janta ka samarthan mila. 'garam' vichaaron ke liye mashahoor in netaaon ne apni baat tatkaaleen videshi shaasak tak pahuainchaane ke liye kai aise tareeke ijaad kiye jo ekdam nae the. in tareekon mein Britain mein taiyaar utpaadon ka bahishkaar, Manchester ki milon mein bane kapadon se parahej, audyogik tatha vyaavasaayik pratishthaanon mein hadtaal aadi shaamil hain.

unhonne mahasoos kiya ki videshi utpaadon ki vajah se desh ki arthavyavastha khastaahaal ho rahi hai aur yahaaain ke logon ka kaam bhi chhin raha hai. unhonne apne aandolan mein is vichaar ko bhi saamane rakha. raashtreeya aandolan ke dauraan 'garam dhade' ke abhyudaya ko mahatvapoorn maana jaata hai kyonki isse aandolan ko ek nai disha mili aur isse logon ke beech jaagarukata badhi.

raashtreeya aandolan ke dauraan jaagarukata paida karne mein unki aham bhoomika rahi. unka vishvaas tha ki keval 'preyar peetishn' se Swaraj naheen milne wala hai.

anukram

jeevani

saat November 1858 ko avibhaajit Bhaarat ke habeebaganj jile mein (ab Bangladesh mein) ek sampann ghar mein paida vipinchandr paal saarvajanik jeevan ke alaava apne niji jeevan mein bhi apne vichaaron par amal karne vaale aur sthaapit dakiyaanoosi maanyataaon ke khilaaf the. unhonne ek vidhva se vivaah kiya tha jo us samay durlabh baat thi. iske liye unhein apne parivaar se naata todna pada. lekin dhun ke pakke paal ne dabaavon ke baavajood koi samjhauta naheen kiya.

kisi ke vichaaron se asahamat hone par vah use vyakt karne mein peechhe naheen rahate. yahaaain tak ki sahamat naheen hone par unhonne mahaatma gaaaindhi ke kuchh vichaaron ka bhi virodh kiya tha.

keshavachandr sen, shivnaath shaastri jaise netaaon se prabhaavit paal ko aravind ke khilaaf gavaahi dene se inkaar karne par chhah maheene ki saja hui thi. iske baad bhi unhonne gavaahi dene se inkaar kar diya tha. jeevan bhar raashtrahit ke liye kaam karne vaale paal ka 20 May 1932 ko nidhan ho gaya.

rachanaaeain

  • Indian Nationalism
  • Nationality and Empire
  • Swaraj and the Present Situation
  • The Basis of Social Reform
  • The Soul of India
  • The New Spirit
  • Studies in Hinduism
  • Queen Victoria - Biographie

patrikaaon ka sampaadan

vipinchandrapaal ne lekhak aur patrakaar ke roop mein bahut samay tak kaarya kiya. 1886 mein unhone silhat se niakalane vaale 'paridrshak' naamak saaptaahik mein kaarya aarambh kiya.

  • paridrshak 1880
  • Bengal Public Opinion 1882
  • Tribune in Lahore 1887
  • The New India 1892
  • The Independent ,
  • India 1901
  • bandemaataram 1906, 1907
  • Swaraj 1908 -1911,
  • The Hindu Review 1913
  • The Democrat 1919, 1920,
  • Bengali 1924, 1925

baahari kadiyaaain