vinsatan charchil

विन्सटन चर्चिल

vinsatan charchil(30 November, 1874-24 January, 1965) angrej raajaneetijnya. dviteeya vishvayuddh, 1940-1945 ke samay ingalaind ke pradhaanamantri tha. charchil prasiddh kootneetigya aur prakhar vakta tha. vo sena mein adhikaari rah chuka tha, saath hi vah itihaasakaar, lekhak aur kalaakaar bhi tha. vah ekamaatr pradhaanamantri tha jise Nobel puraskaar se sammaanit kiya gaya tha.

apne army kairiyr ke dauraan charchil Bhaarat, soodaan aur dviteeya vishvayuddh mein apna jauhar dikhaaya tha. usane yuddh samvaadadaata ke roop mein khyaati pai thi. pratham vishvayuddh ke dauraan usane british sena mein aham jimmedaari sambhaali thi. raajaneetijnya ke roop mein unhonne kai padon par kaarya kiya. vishvayuddh se pehle ve gruhamantraalaya mein vyaapaar board ke adhyaksh rahe. pratham vishv yuddh ke dauraan ve Lord of edamirilti bane rahe. yuddh ke baad unhein shastr bhandaar ka mantri banaaya gaya. 10 May 1940 ko unhein United kingadam ka pradhaanamantri banaaya gaya aur unhonne dhoori raashtron ke khilaaf ladaai jeeti. charchil prakhar vakta the.

anukram

parichay

charchil ka janm 30 November 1874 ko aaksaford shaayar ke blenahim pailes mein hua tha. inke pita laard renadalf charchil the, maata Jenny New York nagar ke liyonaard jeraam ki putri theen. inki shiksha Harry aur sainharst mein hui. 1895 mein sena mein bharati hue aur 1897 mein maalakand ke yuddhasthal mein tatha 1898 mein umaduramaan ke yuddh mein bhaag liya. in yaddhon ne unhein do pustakon - di story ov maalakand field fors (1898) aur di rivr vaar (1899) - ke liye paryaapt saamagri pradaan ki. dakshini Africa ke yuddh (1899-1902) ke samay vah maarnig post ke samvaadadaata ka kaarya kar rahe the. ve vahaaain bandi bhi hue, parantu bhaag nikle. unhonne apne anubhavon ka ullekh 'London tu ledeesmith vaaya pritoriya' (1900) mein kiya hai.

1900 mein oldahem nirvaachanakshetr se sansatsadasya nirvachit hue. yahaaain par vah kaafi taiyaari ke baad bhaashan kiya karte the. at: aage chalakar vaadavivaad ki kala mein vah vishesh nipun hue. inko apan pita ke raajaneetik sansmaranon ka kaafi gyaan tha. iseeliye inhonne 1906 mein 'life ov laard revadalf charchil' likhi jo angreji ki sarvottam ruchikr raajaneetik jeevaniyon mein gini jaati hai. 1904 mein cheinbaralen ki vyapaarakar neeti se asantusht hokar charchil libral dal mein sammilit hue aur kainpabel bainaramain (1905- 1908) ke mantrimandal mein ve upaniveshon ke adhischiv niyukt hue. 1908 mein ve mantrimandal mein vyaapaaramandal ke sabhaapati ke naate sammilit hue. 1909 se 11 tak ve gruhasachiv rahe. audyogik upadravon ko sainbhaalane mein asamarth hone ke kaaran unhein jalasena ka adhyaksh niyukt kiya gaya. is pad par unhonne badi lagan aur dooradarshita se kaarya kiya aur yahi kaaran hai ki 1914 mein jab yuddh praarambh hua to british jalasena poorn roop se susajjit thi. ve Germany ke viruddh yuddh ki ghoshana ke samarthak the. jab udaaravaadi sarkaar ka patan hua to unhonne raajaneeti ko tyaag yuddhasthal mein pravesh kiya. 1917 mein laayad George ke netrutv mein ve yuddh tatha parivhan mantri hue. laayad George se unki adhik samay tak na pati aur 1922 mein ve sadasya bhi nirvaachit naheen hue.

1924 mein ve eping se sansatsadasya nirvaachit hue aur stainnli baaldavin ne unhein kanjaravetiv dal mein pun: sammilit hone ke liye aamantrit kiya. 1929 mein unka baaldavin se Bhaarat ke sanbadh mein matabhed ho gaya. charchil Bhaarat mein british-saamraajya-satta ka kisi prakaar ka bhi samarpan naheen chaahate the. 9 varsh tak ve mantrimandal se baahar rahe. parantu sansatsadasya tatha prabhaavashaali neta hone ke kaaran ve saarvajanik prashnon par apne vichaar spasht karte rahe. inhonne hitlar se samjhauta ki neeti ka khula virodh kiya. Munich samjhaute ko bina yuddh ki haar bataaya. ve England ko yuddh ke liye taiyaar karna chaahate the aur iske liye soviyt sangh se turant samjhauta aavashyak samajhte the. pradhaan mantri chainbaralen ne inke donon sujhaavon ko asveekaar kar diya.

3sitanbar, 1939 ko Britain ne jab yutr ki ghoshana ki to charchil ko jalasenaadhyaksh niyukt kiya gaya. May, 1940 mein naarve ki haar ne british janta mein chainbaralen ke prati vishvaas ko diga diya. 10 May ko chainbaralen ne tyagapatr de diya aur charchil ne pradhaan mantri pad sambhaala aur ek sammilit raashtreeya sarkaar ka nirmaan kiya. Loksabha mein teen din baad bhaashan dete hue unhonne kaha ki 'main rakt, shram, aaainsoo aur paseene ke atirikt aur pradaan naheen kar sakta. unka yuddhavijya mein atoot vishvaas tha, jo sankat ke samay prerana deta raha. british saamraajya ki sanyukt shakti hi naheen varan amareeka aur roos ki shaktiyon ka jarmanon ke viruddh sakriya roop se prerit kiya.

unke athak parishram, vishvaas, drudhta aur lagan ke kaaran mitr raashtron ki vijay hui. is vijay ne unke liye naveen samasyaaeain utpann kar Dean. Belgium, Italy aur yoonaan ki kathit pratikriyaavaadi sarkaaron ke samarthan ka unapar aarop lagaaya gaya aur saath hi soviyt sangh se poorvi Europe ke sabandh mein matabhad utpann ho gaya 1945 mein yuddh ki vijay ke utsav manaae gaye, parantu usi varsh ke June ke saarvajanik nirvaachan mein charchil ke dal ki haar hui aur unhein virodhi net ka pad grahan karna pada. janta jaanti thi ki ve yuddh sthiti ka netrutv kar sakte hain. aavashyakta nirmaan ki naheen balki yuddh ke pashchaat nirmaan ki thi. 1945-50 tak ve apne sansadeeya uttaradaayitvon ke saath saath dviteeya mahaayuddh ka itihaas likhne mein bhi vyast rahe. isko inhonne chh: khandon mein likha hai. 1953 mein unhein saahitya seva ke liye Nobel puraskaar pradaan kiya gaya. 1950 ke saarvajanik nirvaachan mein unke dal ke sadasyon ki sankhya badhi aur shramadal ka bahumat keval saat sadasyon ka rah gaya. October, 1951 ke nirvaachan mein unke dal ki vijay hui aur vah pun: pradhaan mantri niyukt hue. vah vishvashaanti ke liye ekaagrachitt hokar prayatnasheel rahe unhonne angreji bhaashaabhaashiyon ka ek vruhat itihaas apne vishisht drushtikon se likha hai. vruddhaavastha aur asvasthya ke kaaran unhonne 5 April 1955 ko pradhaan mantri ke pad se tyaagapatr de diya aur is prakaar raajaneeti se avakaash grahan kiya.

sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

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