vinaayak Damodar saavarakar

yeh lekh nirvaachit lekh banane ke liye parakhane hetu rakha gaya hai. adhik jaankaari ke liye nirvaachit lekh aavashyakataaeain dekhein.
vinaayak Damodar saavarakar
Vinayak damodar savarkar.jpg
vinaayak Damodar saavarakar
janm 28 May 1883
gram bhaagur, jila Nasik Mumbai praant british Bhaarat
mrutyu fravari 26, 1966(1966-02-26) (umr 82)
Mumbai, Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
mrutyu ka kaaran ichhaamrutyu yootheneshiya
raashtreeyata bhaarateeya
anya naam veer saavarakar
shiksha kala snaatak, Ferguson kaulij, Pune baar eight la landan
prasiddhi kaaran bhaarateeya svatantrata aandolan, hindutv
raajanaitik party akhil bhaarateeya hindu mahaasabha
dhaarmik maanyata hindu naastik[1][2]
jeevanasaathi yamunaabaai
bachche

putr: prabhaakar (alpaayu mein mrutyu)
evam vishvaas saavarakar,

putri: prabhaat chiploonakar

vinaayak Damodar saavarakar (janm: 28 May 1883 - mrutyu: 26 fravari 1966)[3] bhaarateeya svatantrata aandolan ke agrim pankti ke senaani aur prakhar raashtravaadi neta the. unhein praay: veer saavarakar ke naam se sambodhit kiya jaata hai. hindu raashtra ki raajaneetik vichaaradhaara (hindutv) ko viksit karne ka bahut bada shreya saavarakar ko jaata hai. ve na keval svaadheenata-sangraam ke ek tejasvi senaani the apitu mahaan kraantikaari, chintak, siddhahast lekhak, kavi, ojasvi vakta tatha dooradarshi raajaneta bhi the. ve ek aise itihaasakaar bhi hain jinhonne hindu raashtra ki vijay ke itihaas ko praamaanik dhaing se lipibddh kiya hai. unhonne 1857 ke pratham svaatantrya samar ka sanasaneekhej va khojapoorn itihaas likhkar british shaasan ko hila kar rakh diya tha[4].

anukram

jeevan vrutt

vinaayak saavarakar ka janm Maharashtra (tatkaaleen naam Mumbai) praant mein Nasik ke nikat bhaagur gaaainv mein hua tha. unki maata ji ka naam raadhaabaai tatha pita ji ka naam Damodar pant saavarakar tha. inke do bhaai ganesh (baabaaraav) va Narayan Damodar saavarakar tatha ek bahan nainaabaai theen. jab ve keval nau varsh ke the tabhi haije ki mahaamaari mein unki maata ji ka dehaant ho gaya. iske saat varsh baad san 1899 mein pleg ki mahaamaari mein unke pita ji bhi svarg sidhaare. iske baad vinaayak ke bade bhaai ganesh ne parivaar ke paalan-poshan ka kaarya sainbhaala. du:kh aur kathinaai ki is ghadi mein ganesh ke vyaktitv ka vinaayak par gahra prabhaav pada. vinaayak ne shivaaji haaiskool Nasik se 1901 mein maitrik ki pareeksha paas ki. bachapan se hi ve padhaakoo to the hi apitu un dinon unhonne kuchh kavitaaeain bhi likhi theen. aarthik sankat ke baavajood baabaaraav ne vinaayak ki uchch shiksha ki ichha ka samarthan kiya. is avadhi mein vinaayak ne sthaaneeya navayuvakon ko sangathit karke mitr melon ka aayojan kiya. sheegra hi in navayuvakon mein raashtreeyata ki bhaavana ke saath kraanti ki jvaala jaag uthi.[4] san 1901 mein raamachandr trayambak chiploonakar ki putri yamunaabaai ke saath unka vivaah hua. unke sasur ji ne unki vishvavidyaalaya ki shiksha ka bhaar uthaaya. 1902 mein maitrik ki padhaai poori karke unhone Pune ke Ferguson kaalej se bee0e0 kiya.

landan pravaas

1904 mein unhॊnne Abhinav Bhaarat naamak ek kraantikaari sangathan ki sthaapana ki. 1905 mein Bengal ke vibhaajan ke baad unhone Pune mein videshi vastron ki holi jalaai. Ferguson college, Pune mein bhi ve raashtrabhakti se ot-prot ojasvi bhaashan dete the. baal gangaadhar tilk ke anumodan par 1906 mein unhein shyaamaji Krishna varma chhaatravrutti mili. Indian soshiyolaajist aur talavaar naamak patrikaaon mein unke anek lekh prakaashit huye, jo baad mein Calcutta ke yugaantar patra mein bhi chhape. saavarakar roosi kraantikaariyon se jyaada prabhaavit the.[4]10 May, 1907 ko inhonne India house, landan mein pratham bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam ki svarn jayanti manaai. is avsar par vinaayak saavarakar ne apne ojasvi bhaashan mein pramaanon sahit 1857 ke sangraam ko gadar naheen, apitu Bhaarat ke svaatantrya ka pratham sangraam siddh kiya.[5] June, 1908 mein inki pustak the indiyn vaar of indipendeins : 1857 taiyaar ho gayi paranttu iske mudran ki samasya aayi. iske liye landan se lekar peris aur Germany tak prayaas kiye gaye kintu ve sabhi prayaas asafal rahe. baad mein yeh pustak kisi prakaar gupt roop se haulaind se prakaashit hui aur iski pratiyaaain France pahuainchaayi gayeen[5]. is pustak mein saavarakar ne 1857 ke sipaahi vidroh ko british sarkaar ke khilaaf svatantrata ki pehli ladaai bataaya. May 1909 mein inhonne landan se baar eight la (vakaalat) ki pareeksha utteern ki, parantu unhein vahaaain vakaalat karne ki anumati naheen mili.

laala haradayaal se bheint

landan mein rahate huye unki mulaakaat laala haradayaal se hui jo un dinon indiya house ki dekharekh karte the. 1 July 1909 ko madanalaal dheengara dvaara William hat karjan vaayali ko goli maar diye jaane ke baad unhonne landan times mein ek lekh bhi likha tha. 13 May 1910 ko pairis se landan pahuainchane par unhein girftaar kar liya gaya parantu 8 July 1910 ko esa0esa0 moriya naamak jahaaj se Bhaarat le jaate hue seevar hol ke raaste ye bhaag nikle.[6] 24 December 1910 ko unhein aajeevan kaaraavaas ki saja di gayi. iske baad 31 January 1911 ko inhein dobaara aajeevan kaaraavaas diya gaya[6]. is prakaar saavarakar ko british sarkaar ne kraanti kaaryon ke liye do-do aajanm kaaraavaas ki saja di, jo vishv ke itihaas ki pehli evam anokhi saja thi. saavarakar ke anusaar -

"maatrubhoomi! tere charanon mein pehle hi main apna man arpit kar chuka hooain. desh-seva hi ishvar-seva hai, yeh maankar mainne teri seva ke maadhyam se Bhagwan ki seva ki."[5]

selular jail mein

Nasik jile ke collector Jackson ki hatya ke liye Nasik shadayantr kaand ke antargat inhein 7 April, 1911 ko kaala paani ki saja par selular jail bheja gaya. unke anusaar yahaan svatantrata senaaniyon ko kada parishram karna padta tha. kaidiyon ko yahaan naariyl chheelakar usamein se tel nikaalna padta tha. saath hi inhein yahaan kolhoo mein bail ki tarah jut kar sarason va naariyl aadi ka tel nikaalna hota tha. iske alaava unhein jail ke saath lage va baahar ke jangalon ko saaf kar daladali bhoomi va pahaadi kshetr ko samatal bhi karna hota tha. rukane par unako kadi saja va beint va kodon se pitaai bhi ki jaati theen. itne par bhi unhein bharapet khaana bhi naheen diya jaata tha..[6] saavarakar 4 July, 1911 se 21 May, 1921 tak port bleyar ki jail mein rahe.

svatantrata sangraam

chitr:Savarkar-2.jpg
1920-1930 ke dashakon mein saavarakar

1921 mein mukt hone par ve svadesh laute aur fir 3 saal jail bhogi. jail mein unhonne hindutv par shodh granth likha. is beech 7 January 1925 ko inki putri, prabhaat ka janm hua. March, 1925 mein unki bhॆnt raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh ke sansthaapak, dau॰ hedagevaar se hui. 17 March 1928 ko inke bete vishvaas ka janm hua. February, 1931 mein inke prayaason se Mumbai mein patit paavan mandir ki sthaapana hui, jo sabhi hinduon ke liye samaan roop se khula tha. 25 fravari 1931 ko saavarakar ne Mumbai preseedeinsi mein hue asprushyata unmoolan sammelan ki adhyakshata ki[6].

1937 mein ve akhil bhaarateeya hindu mahaasabha ke karnaavati (Ahmedabad) mein hue 19vein satr ke adhyaksh chune gaye, jiske baad ve pun: saat varshon ke liye adhyaksh chune gaye. 15 April 1938 ko unhein maraathi saahitya sammelan ka adhyaksh chuna gaya. 13 December 1937 ko Nagpur ki ek jan-sabha mein unhonne alag Pakistan ke liye chal rahe prayaason ko asafal karne ki prerana di thi[5]. 22 June 1941 ko unki bheint netaaji subhaash chandra Bose se hui. 9 October 1942 ko Bhaarat ki svatantrata ke nivedan sahit unhonne charchil ko taar bhej kar soochit kiya. saavarakar jeevan bhar akhand Bhaarat ke paksh mein rahe. svatantrata praapti ke maadhyamon ke baare mein gaandhi aur saavarakar ka ekdam alag drushtikon tha. 1943 ke baad daadar, Mumbai mein rahe. 16 March 1945 ko inke bhraata baabooraav ka dehaant hua. 19 April 1945 ko unhonne akhil bhaarateeya rajavaada hindu sabha sammelan ki adhyakshata ki. isi varsh 8 May ko unki putri prabhaat ka vivaah sampann hua. April 1946 mein Mumbai sarkaar ne saavarakar ke likhe saahitya par se pratibndh hata liya. 1947 mein inhone Bhaarat vibhaajan ka virodh kiya. mahaatma raamachandr veer naamak (hindu mahaasabha ke neta evam sant) ne unka samarthan kiya.

svaatantryoparaant jeevan

15 August 1947 ko unhonne saavarakar sadaanto mein bhaarateeya tiranga evam bhagava, do-do dhvajaarohan kiye. is avsar par pratikriya vyakt karte hue unhonne patrakaaron se kaha ki mujhe svaraajya praapti ki khushi hai, parantu vah khandit hai, iska du:kh hai. unhonne yeh bhi kaha ki raajya ki seemaayein nadi tatha pahaadon ya sandhi-patron se nirdhaarit naheen hoteen, ve desh ke navayuvakon ke shaurya, dhairya, tyaag evam paraakram se nirdhaarit hoti hain[5]. 5 fravari 1948 ko gaandheeji ki hatya ke uparaant unhein priventiv ditenshan act dhaara ke antargat giraftaar kar liya gaya. 19 October 1949 ko inke anuj naaraayanaraav ka dehaant ho gaya. 4 April 1950 ko Pakistani pradhaan mantri liyaakt Ali Khan ke Delhi aagaman ki poorv sandhya par unhein saavadhaaneevash belagaam jail mein rok kar rakha gaya. May, 1952 mein Pune ki ek vishaal sabha mein Abhinav Bhaarat sangathan ko uske uddeshya (bhaarateeya svatantrata praapti) poorn hone par bhang kiya gaya. 10 November 1957 ko nai Delhi mein aayojit hue, 1857 ke pratham bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam ke shaataabdi samaaroh mein ve mukhya vakta rahe. 8 October 1959 ko unhein Pune vishvavidyaalaya ne dee0.lit0 ki maanad upaadhi se alankrut kiya. 8 November 1963 ko inki patni yamunaabaai chal baseen. sitmbar, 1966 se unhein tej jvar ne aa ghera, jiske baad inka svaasthya girne laga. 1 fravari 1966 ko unhonne mrutyuparyant upavaas karne ka nirnaya liya. 26 fravari 1966 ko Mumbai mein bhaarateeya samayaanusaar praat: 10 baje unhonne paarthiv shareer chhodkar paramadhaam ko prasthaan kiya[6].

saavarakar saahitya

veer saavarakar ne 10,000 se adhik panne maraathi bhaasha mein tatha 1500 se adhik panne angreji mein likha hai.

'the Indian vaur of Independence - 1857' saavarakar dvaara likhit pustak hai, jismein unhonne sanasaneekhej va khojapoorn itihaas likh kar british shaasan ko hila daala tha. adhikaansh itihaasakaaron ne 1857 ke pratham bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam ko ek sipaahi vidroh ya adhiktam bhaarateeya vidroh kaha tha. doosari or bhaarateeya vishleshakon ne bhi ise tab tak ek yojanaabaddh raajaneetik evam sainya aakraman kaha tha, jo Bhaarat mein british saamraajya ke oopar kiya gaya tha.

itihaas

  • 1857 che svaatantryasamarajodala)
  • bhaarateeya itihaasaateel saha soneri paane
  • hindupadapaadashaahi

katha

  • saavarakaraanchya goshti bhaag - 1
  • saavarakaraanchya goshti bhaag - 2

upanyaas

  • kaalepaani
  • mopalyaanche band arthaat‌ mala kaaya tyaache

aatmacharitr

  • maajhi janmathep
  • shatroochya shibiraat
  • athaang (aatmacharitr poorvapeethika)

hindutvavaad

  • hindutv
  • hinduraashtr darshan
  • hindutvaache panchapraan

lekhasangrah

  • maijhineechya aatmacharitraachi prastaavana - anuvaadit
  • Gandhi gondhal
  • landanachi baatameepatre
  • garamaagaram chivda
  • tejasvi taare
  • jaatyuchhedak nibandh
  • vijnyaaananishth nibandh
  • sfut lekh
  • saavarakaraanchi raajakeeya bhaashane
  • saavarakaraanchi saamaajik bhaashane

naatak

  • sangeet u:shaap
  • sangeet sannyast khad‌aag
  • sangeet uttarakriya
  • bodhistv- (apoorn)

kavita

mahaakaavya

  • kamala
  • gomaantak
  • virhochhvaas
  • saptarshi

sfut kaavya

  • saavarakaraanchya kavita

pustak evam film

saavarakar par Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara jaari daak-ticket
jaalasthal

inke janm ki 125veen varshagaanth par inke oopar ek alaabh jaalasthal aarambh kiya gaya hai. iska sampark adholikhit kaadiyon mॆn diya gaya hai.[3] ismein inke jeevan ke baare mein vistrut byaura, daaunalod hetu audio va video upalabdh hain. yahaan unke dvaara rachit 1924 ka durlabh paathya bhi upalabdh hai. yeh jaalasthal 28 May, 2007 ko aarambh hua tha.

chalachitr

saamaajik utthaan

jeevan ke antim samay mein veer saavarakar

saavarakar ek prakhyaat samaaj sudhaarak the. unka drudh vishvaas tha, ki saamaajik evam saarvajanik sudhaar baraabari ka mahattv rakhate hain va ek doosare ke poorak hain. unke samay mein samaaj bahut si kureetiyon aur bediyon ke bandhanon mein jakada hua tha. is kaaran hindu samaaj bahut hi durbal ho gaya tha. apne bhaashanon, lekhon va krutyon se inhonne samaaj sudhaar ke nirantar prayaas kiye. haalaanki yeh bhi satya hai, ki saavarakar ne saamaajik kaaryon mein tab dhyaan lagaaya, jab unhein raajaneetik kalaapon se nishedh kar diya gaya tha. kintu unka samaaj sudhaar jeevan paryant chala. unke saamaajik utthaan kaaryakram na keval hinduon ke liye balki raashtra ko samarpit hote the. 1924 se 1937 ka samay inke jeevan ka samaaj sudhaar ko samarpit kaal raha.

saavarakar ke anusaar hindu samaaj saat bediyon mein jakada hua tha..[6]

  1. sparshabandi: nimn jaatiyon ka sparsh tak nishedh, asprushyata[7]
  2. roteebandi: nimn jaatiyon ke saath khaanapaan nishedh[8][9]
  3. beteebandi: khaas jaatiyon ke sang vivaah sambandh nishedh[10]
  4. vyavasaayabandi: kuchh nishchit vyavasaaya nishedh
  5. sindhubandi: saagarapaar yaatra, vyavasaaya nishedh
  6. vedoktabandi: ved ke karmakaandon ka ek varg ko nishedh
  7. shuddhibandi: kisi ko vaapas hindookaran par nishedh

andamaan ki selyoolar jail mein rahate hue unhonne bandiyon ko shikshit karne ka kaam to kiya hi, saath hi saath vahaan hindi ke prachaar-prasaar hetu kaafi prayaas kiya. saavarakaraji hindu samaaj mein prachalit jaati-bhed evam chhuaachhoot ke ghor virodhi the. Mumbai ka patitpaavan mandir iska jeevant udaaharan hai, jo hindu dharm ki pratyek jaati ke logon ke liye samaan roop se khula hai..[5] pichhle sau varshon mein in bandhanon se kisi had tak mukti saavarakar ke hi athak prayaason ka parinaam hai.

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Nandy, Ashis (2003). Time Warps: The Insistent Politics of Silent and Evasive Pasts. Delhi: Orient Longman. pa॰ 71. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788178240718. OCLC 49616949.
  2. Kumar, Pramod (1992). Towards Understanding Communalism. Chandigarh: Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development. pa॰ 348. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788185835174. OCLC 27810012.
  3. a aa "svaatantrya veer saavarakar" (angreji mein). www.savarkar.org , 12 September, 2007. http://www.savarkar.org/en/about-us. abhigman tithi: 12 September, 2007.
  4. a aa i "veer (vinaayak) saavarakar" (hindi mein). web duniya. http://hindi.webduniya.com/miscellaneous/kidsworld/prompterpersonality/0802/26/1080226009_1.htm. abhigman tithi: 26 February, 2008.
  5. a aa i E u oo sharma, surendr. "aaj bhi praasangik hain saavarakar ke vichaar" (hindi mein). dainik bhaaskar . http://www.bhaskar.com/2008/05/28/0805280026_opinion_savarkar.html. abhigman tithi: 28 May, 2008.
  6. a aa i E u oo "history of andamaan selyular jail" (angreji mein). andamaan selyular jail. org. http://www.andamancellularjail.org/History.htm#Link8. sandarbh truti: Invalid <ref> tag; name ".E0.A4.B5.E0.A5.87.E0.A4.AC.E0.A4.B8.E0.A4.BE.E0.A4.87.E0.A4.9F_.E0.A4.B2.E0.A4.BE.E0.A4.87.E0.A4.AB" defined multiple times with different content
  7. saavarakar, vinaayak Damodar (1927). samagr saavarakar vaangmaya bhaag-3. pp. 81. "hindutvaache panchapraan"
  8. saavarakar, vinaayak Damodar (1937). samagr saavarakar vaangmaya bhaag-3. pp. 652. "maajhi janamaathep"
  9. saavarakar, vinaayak Damodar (1927). samagr saavarakar vaangmaya bhaag-1. pp. 495. "hindutvaache panchapraan"
  10. saavarakar, vinaayak Damodar (1935). samagr saavarakar vaangmaya bhaag-3. pp. 652. "hindutvaache panchapraan"

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