vikramashila

vikramashila, jila Bhaagalpur, Bihar mein sthit hai. vikramashila mein praacheen kaal mein ek prakhyaat vishvavidyaalaya sthit tha, jo praay: chaar sau varshon tak naalanda vishvavidyaalaya ka samakaaleen tha. kuchh vidvaanon ka mat hai ki is vishvavidyaalaya ki sthiti Bhaagalpur nagar se 19 meal door kolagaaainv rel station ke sameep thi. kolagaaainv se teen meal poorv ganga nadi ke tat par 'bateshvaranaath ka teela' naamak sthaan hai, jahaaain par anek praacheen khandahar pade hue hain. inse anek moortiyaaain bhi praapt hui hain, jo is sthaan ki praacheenata siddh karti hain.

anukram

sthaapana

anya vidvaanon ke vichaar mein vikramashila, jila Bhaagalpur mein patharaghaat naamak sthaan ke nikat basa hua tha. Bengal ke paal naresh dharmapaal ne 8veen shati E. mein is prasiddh bauddh mahaavidyaalaya ki neenv daali thi. yahaaain par lagbhag 160 vihaar the, jinmein anek vishaal prakoshth bane hue the. vidyaalaya mein sau shikshakon ki vyavastha thi. naalanda ki bhaaainti vikramashila vish‍aavavidyaalaya bhi bauddh sansaar mein sarvatr sammaan ki drushti se dekha jaata tha. is mahaavidyaalaya ke anek suprasiddh vidvaanon mein 'deepaankar shreejnyaaan ateesh' pramukh the. ye odantapuri ke vidyaalaya ke chhaatr the aur vikramashila ke aachaarya. 11veen shati mein Tibet ke raaja ke nimantran par ye vahaaain par gaye the. Tibet mein bauddh dharm ke prachaar-prasaar mein inka yogadaan bahut mahatvapoorn samjha jaata hai.

muslim aakraman

vikramashila vish‍aavavidyaalaya bauddh dharm ki vajrayaan shaakha ka pramukh kendra tha. yahaaain nyaaya, tatvajnyaaan evam vyaakaran ki shiksha di jaati thi. 12veen shati mein yeh vishvavidyaalaya ek viraat shiksha–sanstha ke roop mein prasiddh tha. is samay mein yahaaain par teen sahasr vidyaarthiyon ki shiksha ke liye samuchit vyavastha thi. sanstha ka ek pradhaan adhyaksh tatha chh: vidvaanon ki ek sameeti milkar vidyaalaya ki pareeksha, shiksha, anushaasan aadi ka prabandh karti thi. 1203 E. mein musalmaanon ne jab Bihar par aakraman kiya, tab naalanda ki bhaaainti vikramashila ko bhi unhonne poornaroopen nasht–bhrasht kar diya. bakhtiyaar khilji ne 1202-1203 E. mein vikramashila mahaavihaar ko nasht kar diya tha. yahaaain ke vishaal pustakaalaya ko aag ke havaale kar diya tha, us samay yahaaain par 160 vihaar the jahaan vidyaarthi adhyayanaratathe. is prakaar yeh mahaan vishvavidyaalaya, jo us samay Asia bhar mein vikhyaat tha, khandaharon ke roop mein parint ho gaya. naalanda vishvidyaalaya ho ya vikrmasheela , ye Bhaarat desh ki dharohar thi, Bhaarat ki aan baan aur shaan , ye vo gaurav ko mahasoos karavaati hai jo bhaarateeyon ko poorvajo ne unke liye banavaaya tha , jise muslim aakramanakaari ne nast kar diya , ye is desh ki bidmbana hi hai bidmbana hi kaha jaayega aaj bhi is desh ke log secular ban kar muslimo ko bhaai maanata hai jabki muslimo ne Bhaarat ki dharati ko chhati hi pahuchaaya hai , desh bhar mein bahot saare mandir hai jo is desh ki dharohar thi usase torakar masjid banava daala, desh ki gaurav ke roop mein maujood , naalanda vishvidyaalaya, vikrmasheela vishvidyaalaya, ko nast kar diya agar ye nast naheen kiya gaya hota to aaj Bhaarat , gyaan vijnyaaanan, kala sanskruti, har chhetr mein duniaa ko loha manava rahi hoti , Bhaarat aaj bhi is gyaan vijnyaaanan, kala sanskruti, chhetr mein duniaa ke sabse puraani sabhyata ka pratik hai , muslim aakraantaao se jo chhati Bhaarat ko hua vo aage bhi hota rahega agar aaj bhi yahaaain sekularism band naheen kiya gaya to , Bhaarat ke logo ko jarurat hai apne gaurav ko pahachaanane ki jo unhein unke poorvajo se mila hai , sekularism se kuchh naheen milega kyoki jiske liye ye sekularijm ka geet g rahe hai vo unki bhaasha samajhte naheen !

khudaai kaarya

vikramashila ke baare mein sabse pehle Rahul saankrutyaayan ne sultaanaganj ke kreeb hone ka andesha prakat kiya tha. usaka mukhya kaaran tha ki angrejon ke jamaane mein sultaanaganj ke nikat ek gaanv mein buddh ki pratima mili thi. baavajood uske angrejon ne vikramashila ke baare mein pata lagaane ka prayaas naheen kiya. iske chalte vikramashila ki khudaai puraatattv vibhaag dvaara 1986 ke aaspaas shuroo hui.

inhein bhi dekhein