vikipeediya:svashiksha/dhyaan rakhein

parichay sampaadan rooparang vikipeediya jod sandarbh aur srot samvaad prushth dhyaan rakhein panjeekaran jaate-jaate

vikipeediya par sanpaadan karte hue kuchh baaton ko sadaiv dhyaan mein rakhein.

sanpaadan neeti

vishay saamagri

vikipeediya niyamit nai jaankaariyon se samruddh hota ek jnyaaanakosh hai. ismein lekh ullekhaneeya vishyon par hi hone chaahiye. kya ullekhaneeya hai aur kya naheen, isko lekar vikipeediya par hamesha bahas jaari rahati hai lekin yeh baat spasht hai ki pruthvi par har vyakti ke liye lekh naheen hona chaahiye. na hi har company par, na hi har shahar ki har sadak par. aise vishyon ka sthaan aksar vikipeediya ki kisi saathi pariyojana mein hota hai.

udaaharan ke liye jnyaaanakosh ke lekh kisi vishay ke baare mein hote hain, shabdon ke arthon ke baare mein naheen. aisa lekh jo kisi shabd ke arth ki paribhaasha karta ho, shabdakosh mein hona chaahiye, vikipeediya par naheen. ise vikishbdakosh (urf vikshanari) mein daaliye.

kisi mudraadhikaar-mukt (yaani pablik domen) kitaab ya lekh ko aap vikipeediya mein na daalein. agar aap chaahate hain ki yeh saamagri poorn aur mukt roop se sabhi ko mile to ise vikisrot par daal sakatein hain. agar aap kisi vishay par koi kitaab likhkar use vishv ko muft pahuainchaana chaahate hain to use vikitaab par daal sakte hain. vikimeediya foundation, jo vikipeediya ko chalne waali sanstha hai, aisi kai aur pariyojanaaeain bhi chalaati hai. agar aap koi tasveer kheenchate hain jo aapko lagta hai ki abhi ya bhavishya mein kisi lekh ke liye upayogi hoga, to use vikimeediya komanj par achhe varnan aur shreni ke saath daal dein.

vikipeediya par mool shodh varjit hai. iska arth hai ki vikipeediya par aisa koi tathya naheen hona chaahiye jo pehle hi kisi anya, vikipeediya se asambandhit, pramaanit aur vishvasaneeya srot mein na ho.

lekhakon ko apne baare mein aur apni upalabdhiyon ke baare mein lekh na likhne ki chetaavani di jaati hai, kyonki yeh ek "svaarth sangharsh" (kaunflikt of intraist) ki sthiti bana deta hai. agar aapke kaaranaamein vaastav mein ullekhaneeya hain, to dheeraj rakhiye. kabhi na kabhi, koi na koi aap par lekh bana hi dega - krupaya swayam na banaae.

nishpaksh drushtikon

vikipeediya ki neeti hai ki saare lekh "nishpaksh drushtikon" se likhe hon. ise chhote roop mein "NPOV" (angreji ke "nyootral point of viyoo" ke liye sankshep) likha jaata hai. is neeti ka arth hai ki kisi bhi mudde par ham sabhi mukhya drushtikonon ko maanyata dete hain. kisi ek paksh ko prastut karne ki bajaae ham har mukhya paksh ko prastut karte hain aur unamein kisi ek ko sahi naheen thaharaate. vikipeediya ka uddeshya keval jaankaari baaaintana hai, kisi baat ya paksh ko manavaana naheen.

lekhon mein kisi mudde par maton ka varnan likhna theek hai, lekin vah lekhak ke mat ke roop mein prastut naheen kiya ja sakta. vishvasaneeya aur pramaanit sroton ke saath yeh zaroor likha ja sakta hai ki "yeh gut kehta hai ki ..." ya "prasiddh vaigyaanik flaana-flaana ka kehna hai ki ....". yahi vajah hai ki kuchh bhaavaatmak shabdon ka prayog lekhon mein naheen kiya jaana chaahiye. aisa kehna ki "durbhaagya se bhrashtaachaar badh gaya" vikipeediya mein sahi naheen hai kyonki ismein aapka paksh aa jaata hai. keval itna hi likhein ki "bhrashtaachaar badh gaya" ya "prasiddh aarthashaastri johar teevrabuddhi ka kehna hai ki bhrashtaachaar ka badhna durbhaagyapoorn hai".

aap kabhi-kabhi vikisdasyon ko kisi lekh mein "POV" ya "paksh" ki samasya hone ki baat karte dekheinge. iska yahi arth hai ki unki rai mein vah lekh kisi ek paksh ko lekar likha gaya hai. agar kisi lekh mein ishtehaaranuma bhaasha ka prayog hai, kisi ek raajanaitik ya dhaarmik paksh ko satya aur sahi ke roop mein pesh kiya ja raha hai, ya kisi vyakti ki keval badhaai hi likhi hai, jo vah is "paksh ki samasya" ki shreni mein aata hai. aisa bhi ho sakta hai ke kisi lekh mein har paksh prastut to ho lekin kisi ek paksh ko anuchit sthaan ya maanyata di gayi ho - yeh bhi isi samasya ki shreni mein aata hai. pruthvi ke lekh mein agar is paksh ko utana hi sthaan diya jaae jo kehta hai ke pruthvi gol naheen hai balki ek chapata kshetr hai jitna ki golaakaar pruthvi ko diya ja raha hai, to yeh bhi pakshapaat dikhta hai kyonki ek gair-mukhya paksh ko usaki vaigyaanik maanyata se kaheen zyaada sthaan diya ja raha hai.

agar aap raajaneeti, bhaasha-pehchaan aur dharm jaise samvedansheel vishyon par samay lagaane vaale hain, to nishpaksh drushtikon par bahut dhyaan dein. aise vishyon mein jhadpon se bachane ke liye matabhed mein swayam ko shaant rakhane par bhi vishesh dhyaan dein. agar ganit aur vigyaan jaise kam samvedansheel vishyon par lekh likhne vaale hain, to yeh kam chinta ka kaaran hai lekin fir bhi nishpakshata ki neetiyon ka paalan keejiye.

srot aur sandarbh

vikipeediya par zaroori hai ke jo jaankaari aap prastut kar rahein hain uske liye aap vishvasaneeya aur pramaanit sroton ka bhi ullekh karein. sandarbhon se hamaare paathakon ke liye aapki likhaai ko jaaainchana aasaan ho jaata hai aur unhein adhik jaankaari ke liye srot bhi mil jaate hain.

agar koi vikipeediya se baahar ki vebasaait kisi vishay ke paathakon ke liye dilchaspi rakhegi to use "baahari kadiyaaain" naam ke vibhaag mein shaamil karein. agar koi pustakein ya patrikaaeain unke kaam ki hongi aur ve sroton mein shaamil naheen hain, to unhein ek "vishay-roochi ki pustakein" naam ke vibhaag mein bhi daala ja sakta hai.

mudraadhikaar (kaupeeraait)

vikipeediya mein kisi bhi soorat mein mudraadhikaar dvaara surakshit koi bhi saamagri na daalein. jab aap lekhon mein jaankaari daal rahein hon, yeh dhyaan rakhein ke shabd aapke apne hone chaahiye. yaad rakhiye ke intaranet par milne waali sabhi saamagri (likhaai, chitr, ityaadi) mudraadhikaar se surakshit hote hain. keval vahi saamagri mudraadhikaar-mukt hai jisme saaf-saaf shabdon mein yeh kaha gaya ho ki vah mudraadhikaar se baahar hai.

bhaasha aur shabd

kisi bhi shabd ke saamaanya roop se istemaal hone vaale shabdon ko vikipeediya par prayog kiya ja sakta hai. sankshep mein neeti yeh hai ki:

  1. kisi lekh ko keval isliye sampaadit na karein kyonki kisi shabd ka roop aapki pasand ka naheen hai. udaaharan ke liye "kiye" aur "kiye" donon theek hain.
  2. hindi aur urdoo ke shabdon ke sambandh mein fer-badal karne se pehle lekh ke samvaad prushth par, lekhak ke vaarta prushth par ya chaupaal mein vichaar-vimarsh karein. kuchh-ek shabdon ke liye apni aur auron ki urja bekaar na karein. lekh-se-lekh bhatakakar ikke-dukke shabdon ko apne pasand ke shabdon mein parivrtit karne par jor na lagaaeain.
  3. hindi ek bade bhookshetr mein vibhinn samudaayon dvaara boli jaane waali bhaasha hai. sambhav hai ki kisi anya lekhak ki shaili aap se thodi bhinn ho. kisi ek lekh ke andar ek hi shaili honi chaahiye taaki yeh atapati na lage, lekin agar shaili kisi saadhaaran hindeebhaashi dvaara saralata se padhi ja sakti hai to use apni pasand ki shaili mein parivrtit karne par jor na lagaaeain.
  4. angreji aur anya bhaashaaoain se hindi mein lipyantaran karte hue dhvani aur pratha donon ka dhyaan rakhein. "America" ko dhvani ke anusaar "amairika" likha jaaega, lekin prathaanusaar ise "amareeka" ya "America" likha jaata hai. agar pratha ke baare mein asamanjas ho to intaranet par khoj kar ke sab se adhik prayog hone wala lipyantaran dhooaindha ja sakta hai. jahaaain koi shabd bahut hi kam lipyantarit hua ho, vahaaain sahi dhvani darshaane ka prayaas karein.
  5. nukte (bindu) vaale shabdon mein nukton ke hone ya na hone par jor na dein. hindi mein "afgaanistaan" ko "afgaanistaan", "afgaanistaan", "afgaanistaan" aur "afgaanistaan" sabhi roopon mein likha jaata hai. isi tarah "Tethys" ka lipyantaran "taithis" ya "taithis" ho sakta hai. sahi dhvani "th" ki dhvani hai lekin donon roop vikipeediya par maanya hain. inmein fer-badal karne ke liye sanpaadan na karein.

vyavahaar

vikipeediya par ek mitrata aur khulepan ka vaataavaran rakhane ka prayaas kiya jaata hai. yeh baat sach hai ke kabhi-kabhi matabhed hote hain aur jahaaain-tahaaain garam bahas bhi chhid jaati hai, lekin sadasya-samaaj ke har sadasya se shishtata ki apeksha ki jaati hai.

yeh bahut hi zaroori hai ki aap hamesha yeh maan ke chalein ki anya lekhak vikipeediya mein sachche hrudaya se yogadaan dena chaahate hain. jahaaain tak sambhav ho yeh na soche ki koi doosra sadasya dvesh ya shatruta ki bhaavana se kuchh kar raha hai. agar aapko kisi ki curry ya kahi baat ajeeb lage to bahut namrata se uske vaarta prushth par ya sambandhit lekh ke samvaad prushth par us se poochhe ke usane aisa kyon kiya. aisa karne se bahut si glatafhamiyon aur bekaar ki jhadpon se bacha ja sakta hai.

nae lekhon ka nirmaan

vikipeediya mein nae lekh banaate hue is svashiksha mein di gayi salaah ko dhyaan mein rakhein, jaise ki nishpakshata ki neeti. sroton ke prayog se pramaanit karein ki lekh ka vishay ullekhaneeya hai (yaani vikipeediya mein sammilit hone ke yogya hai) aur kisi bhi paathak dvaara jaaaincha ja sakta hai. nae lekh banaane ke liye aapka panjeekrut hona aavashyak hai.

naam sthaanaantaran

agar aapko koi aisa lekh milta hai jiska sheershak aapko glat lage, to usaki saamagri kaat ke nae naam ke lekh mein na chipkaaeain. is se lekh mein kiye gaye saare badlaavon ke itihaas ki dhaara khandit ho jaati hai. mudradhikaaron ki drushti se bhi is dhaara ka ek hona aavashyak hai. lekh ka naam badalne ka sahi tareeka hai usaka sthaanaantaran karna. uske liye aapka panjeekrut hona zaroori hai. kisi lekh ko sthaanaantarit karne se pehle sthaanaantaran prushth par likhi chetaavaniyaaain dhyaan se padh lein. glat sthaanaantaran se jod toot sakte hain aur bekaar ki bahas aarambh ho sakti hai. agar aapko jra bhi khataka hai ki naam badalne se kathinaaiyaaain ya matabhed ho sakta hai to pehle us lekh ke samvaad prushth par apna naamaantaran ka sujhaav daal kar logon ke maton ko dekhein.



seekhi gayi baatein prayogasthal par aajmaaie
panjeekaran ke saath apni svashiksha jaari rakhein