vikipeediya:shaili maargadarshak

yeh shaili maargadarshak vikipeediya par lekh banaate hue uchit shaili ka prayog karne mein sahaayata karega. ise padhne se pehle pakka kar lein ki aapko vikipeediya par lekh sampaadit karne aate hain. agar naheen aate to vikipeediya par svashiksha upalabdh hai jo aapko teji se yeh karna sikha degi.

likhaai spasht aur sankshipt honi chaahiye. saadhaaran hindi ka prayog uttam hai. takaneeki, adhyayanasheel aur kathin shabdon ka prayog mat karein. likhaai saadhaaran hindeebhaashiyon ko samajh aa jaani chaahiye aur iske liye ooainche star ki hindi ya kisi kshetr mein vishesh adhyayan ki aavashyakta naheen honi chaahiye. jahaaain ek se zyaada shailiyaaain theek hon, vahaaain par sampaadkon ko ek shaili se apni pasandeeda shaili mein lekh parivrtit naheen karne chaahiye. shaili ke vishay mein baar-baar kisi lekh mein fer-badal ki jhadpein karne ki anumati naheen di jaaegi. matabhed ki stithi mein lekh ke vaarta prushth par sahamati banaane ki koshish karein. agar kisi lekh ki shaili par sahamati naheen banti to niyam yeh hai ki lekh par sab se pratham jisne mahatvapoorn yogadaan diya lekh usi ki shaili par aadhaarit hoga.

is shaili maargadarshak par aap apni raae vaarta prushth par de sakatein hain, lekin bina sahamati ke ismein koi bada badlaav na karein.

lekhon ke sheershak aur upasheershak

lekh sheershak

lekhon ke sheershak chunate hue kuchh mukhya neetiyaaain hain. agar in neetiyon mein kisi sthiti mein aapasi takaraav hota hai to ek santulit drushtikon lekar nirnaya karna hoga. yeh neetiyaaain is prakaar hain:

  • sheershak sanjnyaaaon ke roop mein hone chaahiye: "jeevan ka aarambh" uchit hai, "jeevan ke aarambh mein" anuchit hai
  • sheershak ka pehla ya antim akshar koi viraam chinh naheen hona chaahiye: "Delhi ke raajamaarg" uchit hai, "Delhi ke raajamaarg." anuchit hai

vibhaag aayojan

har lekh ko ek aarambhik anuchhed ke saath shuroo hona chaahiye. is anuchhed ki adhik-se-adhik teen ya chaar panktiyon se padhne vaale ko vishay ke baare mein kuchh mukhya tathya pata chal jaane chaahiye. is hisse ke baad lekh ke vibhaag ho sakte hain. vibhaagon ke aage ek-ke-andar-ek apne vibhaag bhi ho sakte hain.

har vibhaag ka naam aur saamagri samajhadaari se chune taaki vah lekh ke vishay ke kisi mahatvapoorn pahalu ke baare mein jaankaari de sake. vibhaag ke sheershak aise hone chaahiye ki padhne wala chaahe to apni jijnyaaasaanusaar seedha apne matlab ka vibhaag dhoondhakar use padh sake. agar kisi vibhaag ka saamagri swayam bahut badi hai to usapar aadhaarit ek naya lekh banaae aur vibhaag ke sheershak ke neeche {{main|nae lekh ka naam}} likh dein taaki paathak adhik jaankaari ke liye chaahe to vahaaain ja sake.

har lekh ke ant mein kuchh soochiyaaain daali ja sakti hain:

  • inhein bhi dekhein - yeh vikipeediya par ve anya lekh hote hain jo is lekh mein dilchaspi rakhane vaale paathak ki roochi ke ho sakte hain. inki sankhya bahut adhik na rakhein. 2-6 bahut hain.
  • baahari kadiyaaain - yeh ve kadiyaaain (jod ya links) hain jo vikipeediya ke baahar hain aur jahaaain aur jaankaari mil sakti hai.
  • sandarbh - yeh vah srot hain jo lekh ki saamagri ko pramaanit karte hain. yaad rakhein ki mool anusandhaan vikipeediya par varjit hai. sandarbh kaise daale, yeh aap svashiksha ke sandarbh vibhaag mein aasaani se seekh sakte hain.
  • anya saamagri - ismein aap aisi kitaabon, filmon, gaanon, ityaadi ke naam daal sakte hain jo antarajaal (Internet) par naheen hain lekin jinhein is lekh ke paathak dilchasp samajh sakte hain.

vibhaag sheershak

vibhaagon mein sheershak kaise daalte hain yeh aap svashiksha ke rooparang vibhaag se saralata se seekh sakte hain. dhyaan rahe ki:

  • vibhaagon ke sheershak lekh ke sheershak se bhinn hone chaahiye, inhein doharaae na. agar lekh ka naam "Japan" hai to usamein keval "Japan" naam ka vibhaag naheen hona chaahiye.
  • sheershak chhote rakhein. agar Japan ke lekh mein aap Japan ke itihaas par vibhaag bana rahe hain, jo usaka naam "Japan ka itihaas" na rakhakar keval "itihaas" rakhein. khubaani ke lekh mein "kai laabh jo khubaani khaane se svaasthya ko hote hain" achha sheershak naheen hai. iski bajaae "svaasthya laabh" naam achha rahega kyonki poora lekh hi khubaniyon ke baare mein hai.
  • sheershakon mein jod (link) na daalein. uske neeche likhi saamagri mein jod daal sakte hain.
  • do vibhaagon ya upavibhaagon ko ek hi sheershak na dein varana lekh ke oopar swayam banaane wala anukram glat ho sakta hai. har vibhaag ko usaka alag sheershak dein.

bhaasha shailiyaaain

hindi ek bade bhoo-bhaag mein boli jaane waali bahuraashtreeya bhaasha hai. alag sthaanon aur vargon mein iski prathaaeain bhinn hain. shabdon, shabd-roopon, vyaakaran aur anya shaili-sambandhit maamalon mein jhadapon se kuchh niyamon ke prayog se bacha ja sakta hai.

lekhon ke bheetar saamanjasya

kisi bhi lekh ke andar jahaaain tak ho sake ek hi shaili rakhein taaki paathakon ko padhte hue bhaasha saamaanya roop se bahti hui lage. udahaaran ke liye hindi mein "kiye" aur "kiye" donon sahi maane jaate hain, lekin ek lekh ke andar iska ek hi roop prayog karein. isi tarah "gandhak" aur "gandhak", "America" aur "amareeka", "inglaind" aur "ingalaind" donon theek hain lekin ek lekh mein inka ek hi roop prayog kare varana padhne mein atpata lagta hai. agar kisi lekh mein aap apne pasand ke roop se bhinn roop dekhte hain, krupaya keval use badalne ke liye us lekh ka sanpaadan na karein. alag shailiyon ke liye sahanasheelata dikhaaeain. fir bhi kuchh sthitiyon mein is niyam ka ullanghan karna uchit hai:

  • mool saamagri mein - banjaraanaama naamak kaavya mein "sab thaath pada rah jaavega" teeke ke roop mein aata hai. lekh mein anya sthaanon par maanak hindi ka "jaaega" ya "jaayega" prayog honge lekin kavita se darshaai gayi panktiyon mein "jaavega" ke mool roop ko hi rahane dein.
  • pustakon, filmon aur gaanon ke sheershakon mein - inke naam vaise hi likhe jaise mool roop mein the.
  • logon aur sthaanon ke naam - inhein bhi prathaanusaar mool roop mein hi likhein.
  • jahaaain hindi ki bhinn shailiyon ki tulana ki ja rahi ho - agar kaha ja raha hai ki Bhojpuri mein "aasees" hota hai jabki maanak hindi mein "aasheesh" hota hai to inmein se kisi roop ko na badalein.

nukto ka prayog

hindi mein bahut se shabdon mein aksharon mein nukte (bindu) lagte hain. lekin lekhak kabhi inhein lagaate hain aur kabhi naheen. gjl, gjal, gajl aur gajal sabhi prayog hote hain. jaisa lekh mein likha gaya hai, ise vaise hi chhod dein. inmein fer-badal karne ke liye lekh mein sampaadan na karein. hindeebhaashi in shabdon ko binduon ke saath aur binduon ke bina donon sthitiyon mein padhne mein saksham hote hain. haaain, agar bindu ke prayog ya aprayog se shabd ke arth mein antar pad jaae to use theek karne ke liye sampaadan zaroor karein. udaaharan ke liye agar "jng" (lohe par laga jng) ki jagah glati se "jang" (yuddh) likha gaya ho, to use theek kar dein.

bhaasha mein lachak

hindi ek vistrut bhaasha hai jismein kai shabdon ka milta-julata arth niklata hai. iska laabh uthaaeain. ek hi cheej ke liye alag-alag shabdon ke prayog se bhaasha mein ras rahata hai. prayatn karein ki ek hi shabd ka sameepi vaakyon mein prayog na karein. aisa maanakeekaran na karein jis se bhaasha pathara jaae. udahaaran ke liye "is drushtikon ke kai maanane vaale hain aur is najriye ko bahut se videshi logon ne bhi apnaaya hai" ko "is drushtikon ke kai maanane vaale hain aur is drushtikon ko bahut se videshi logon ne bhi apnaaya hai" na banaae kyonki ismein "drushtikon" shabd doharaane se bhaasha seemit lagti hai.

shabdon ke laghuroop

laghuroopon (abriviyeshan) ke prayog ke liye lekh mein jab vah shabd pehli dafa aae to use apne poore roop mein likhiye aur braiket ki andar usaka laghu roop likh deejiye. uske uparaant aap lekh mein laghuroop ka istemaal kar sakte hain. misaal ke liye:

Dravid munnetr kajgam (dramuk) taamil naadoo ki ek raajanaitik party hai. dramuk raajya mein kai baar satta mein aa chuki hai.

jahaaain laghuroop hindi ke anya shabdon ke jaise lagein aur paathakon ke asamanjas mein padne ka khtara ho vahaaain binduon (".") athva "॰" chinh ka prayog karein:

anuchit: maata nalini karmasthal (maanak) ek dhaarmik sthaan hai. maanak ko har varsh ek karod roopaye ka chadhaava milta hai.
uchit: maata nalini karmasthal (maa॰ana॰aka॰) ek dhaarmik sthaan hai. maa॰ana॰aka॰ ko har varsh ek karod roopaye ka chadhaava milta hai.

anya bhaashaaoain ke shabdon ya naamon ko anuvaadit kar ke unke laghuroop na banaae. naasa (NASA) ameriki antariksh sansthaan "naishnal eronautikl aind space aidministreshan" ke angreji roop ka laghuroop hai. ise hindi mein "raashtreeya vaayumandal aur antariksh praadhikran" anuvaadit karke "raavaaanpra" likhna shuroo na karein. ise "naasa" hi kahein.

binduon (bulet) aur sankhya waali soochiyaaain

  • bina kaaran ke kisi anuchhed ko soochi na banaae.
  • soochiyon mein har bindu ke neeche akaaran hi jagah na chhodein.
  • soochiyon mein sankhyaaeain keval tab hi prayog karein jab lekh mein aage unke baare mein baat karne ki aavashyakta ho.
  • soochiyon mein vyaakaran ke alag roop na milaaeain. udaaharan ke liye yeh glat hai kyonki pehle do binduon ka roop sanjnyaa hai aur antim vaale ka kriya hai:
    • Turkey bhaashiyon ki sankhya
    • Turkey bhaashiyon ka itihaas
    • kamaal ataaturk ne Turkey bhaasha ko failaaya (uchit roop: kamaal ataaturk dvaara Turkey bhaasha ka failaana)
  • soochi ke har bindu mein ya to viraam ka istemaal karein ya na karein, lekin aisa na karein ki ek mein viraam ho aur doosare mein naheen. yeh anuchit hai:
    • yam ko bauna grah maana jaata hai
    • varun ko grah maana jaata hai. (yahaaain viraam naheen hona chaahiye, athva teenon vaakyon mein viraam hona chaahiye)
    • sooraj ko taara maana jaata hai

inhein bhi dekhein