vikipeediya:satyaapaneeyata

vikipeediya mein, satyaapaneeyata ka matlab hai ki jnyaaanakosh ko padh rahe log aur sanpaadan kar rahe log yeh jaaainch sakein ki jaankaari vishvasaneeya srot se I hai. vikipeediya mool shodh ko prakaashit naheen karta hai. iski saamagri iske sampaadkon ki maanyataaon ya anubhav ke aadhaar par nirdhaarit hone ki bajaay pehle se prakaashit jaankaari se hoti hai. bhale hi aapko yakeen hai ki kuchh sach hai, jode jaane se pehle vo satyaapaneeya honi chaahiye. jab vishvasaneeya srot asahamat ho, vibhinn sootron ka kya kehna hai prastut karein, pratyek paksh ko usaka uchit bhaar dein aur tatasth drushtikon banaae rakhein.

vikipeediya ke mukhya sthaan mein sabhi saamagri, jismein lekh, soochiyon aur kaipshan mein sab kuchh shaamil hai, satyaapaneeya honi chaahiye. sabhi koteshan, aur koi bhi saamagri jiski satyaapaneeyata ko chunauti di gayi hai ya di jaane ki sambhaavana, mein seedhe saamagri ka samarthan karne wala inalaain sandarbh shaamil hona chaahiye. jis kisi saamagri ko srot ki jaroorat hai par hai naheen, hataai ja sakti hai. krupaya jeevit logon ke baare mein vivaadaaspad saamagri jo ki srotaheen ya avishvasaneeya srot se srotit hai turant nikaal dein.

satyaapaneeyata, mool shodh naheen aur tatasth drushtikon vikipeediya ki mukhya saamagri neetiyaaain hain. ve saamagri ka nirdhaaran karne ke liye ek saath kaam karte hain, to sampaadkon ko sabhi teenon ke mukhya binduon ko samajhna chaahiye.

srot pradaan karne ki jimmedaari

neeti laghu path:
vi:bojh
vi:srotaheen

sabhi saamagri satyaapaneeya honi chaahiye. satyaapaneeyata pradarshit karne ka bojh us sampaadak ke saath hai jo saamagri jodta hai ya punarsthaapit karta hai. jo yogadaan ka samarthan karne ke liye vishvasaneeya srot ka uddharan pradaan karke trupt ho jaata hai.[1]

koi bhi saamagri jismein usaka samarthan karne ke liye vishvasaneeya srot ki kami hai, hataai jaani chaahiye aur vishvasaneeya srot ke liye ek inalaain sandarbh ke bina naheen badli jaani chaahiye. ye ho ya na ho aur kitni jaldi ho yeh saamagri aur lekh ke samagr sthiti par nirbhar karta hai. kuchh maamalon mein, sampaadkon ko unhein sandarbh pradaan karne ke liye samay dene ke bina saamagri hataane par aapatti ho sakti; antarim kadam ke roop mein uddharan pradaan karein ka taig jodne par vichaar karein.[2] taiging ya inalaain sandarbh ki kami ke kaaran saamagri ko hataane par, krupaya apni chinta vyakt karein ki saamagri ke liye prakaashit vishvasaneeya srot naheen ho sakta hai aur isliye yeh satyaapaneeya naheen ho sakta hai.[3] agar aapko lagta hai ki saamagri satyaapaneeya hai, to hataane ya taig karne se pehle aapko khud inalaain sandarbh pradaan karne ke liye protsaahit kiya jaata hai.

vishvasaneeya srot

neeti laghu path:
vi:vishvasaneeya srot
vi:sandarbh
vi:srot

kya vishvasaneeya srot ke roop mein gina jaata hai

vikipeediya mein shabd "srot" ke teen arth hain:

  1. kruti ke prakaar (kuchh udaaharan mein shaamil hain dastaavej, lekh, ya pustak)
  2. kruti ke nirmaata (udaaharan ke liye, lekhak)
  3. kruti ke prakaashak (udaaharan ke liye, national book trast)

sabhi teen vishvasaneeyata prabhaavit kar sakte hain.

vishvasaneeya, truteeya paksh, prakaashit sroton par lekh aadhaarit karein jinki tathya ki jaaainch aur sateekata ke liye pratishtha ho. srot saamagri prakaashit ki gayi honi chaahiye, jiske liye hamaare uddeshyon ke liye paribhaasha hai "kisi roop mein janta ke liye upalabdh karaaya gaya hai".[4] aprakaashit saamagri vishvasaneeya naheen maani jaati hai. seedhe lekh mein prastut saamagri ka samarthan karne vaale aur kiye gaye daavon ke liye upayukt sroton ka upayog karein. kisi bhi srot ka auchitya prasang par nirbhar karta hai. sabse achhe srot ke paas tathyon, kaanooni muddon, saakshya aur tark ki jaaainch aur vishleshan karne ke liye peshevar sanrachana hoti hai. in muddon ko di gayi sanveeksha ki maatra jitni zyaada hogi, srot utana hi adhik vishvasaneeya hoga. jeevit logon ya chikitsa se sambandhit saamagri ke sorsing mein vishesh roop se saavdhaan rahein.

yadi upalabdh hain, shaikshanik aur sahakarmi ki sameeksha vaale prakaashan aamtaur par itihaas, chikitsa, aur vigyaan ke kshetr mein sabse vishvasaneeya srot hain.

sampaadak vishvasaneeya gair-shaikshanik sroton se saamagri ka upayog kar sakte hain, vishesh roop se jab yeh sammaanit mukhyadhaara prakaashanon mein dikhaai deti hai. anya vishvasaneeya sroton mein shaamil hain:

  • vishvavidyaalaya star ki paathyapustak
  • sammaanit prakaashan gruhon dvaara prakaashit pustak
  • patrikaaen
  • dainiki
  • mukhyadhaara ke akhbaar

sampaadak isi maapdand ke adheen electronic media ka upayog kar sakte hain.

akhbaar aur patrika blog

apne web saaiton par kai akhbaar, patrikaaen, aur anya samaachaar sangathan mejabaan column rakhate hai, jise vo blog kehte hain. ye sveekaarya srot ho sakta hai agar lekhak peshevar hain, lekin saavadhaani ke saath un ka upayog karein kyonki blog samaachaar sangathan ki saamaanya tathya ki jaaainch prakriya ke adheen naheen kiya gaya ho sakta. agar samaachaar sangathan blog mein rai rachana prakaashit karta hai, to use lekhak par aaropaneeya kar dein (udaaharan ke liye "Rahul Kumar ne likha hai ..."). kabhi bhi sroton ke roop mein paathakon dvaara chhode gaye blog post ka upayog na karein.

vishvasaneeya srot soochanaapat

vishesh kathan ke liye vishisht srot ki vishvasaneeyata par charcha karne ke liye, angreji vikipeediya ke is soochanaapat par paraamarsh karein, jo vishesh maamalon ke liye is neeti ko laagoo karna chaahata hai.

abhigmyata

sroton tak pahuainch

kuchh vishvasaneeya sroton par aasaani se naheen pahuaincha ja sakta hai. udaaharan ke liye, kisi online srot ko bhugataan ki aavashyakta ho sakti hai aur koi print srot keval vishvavidyaalaya pustakaalayon ya anya oflaain sthaanon mein upalabdh ho sakta hai. unke paas pahuainchana kathin hai ya upayog karna mahainga hain sirf isliye sroton ko asveekaar na karein.

gair-hindi srot

gair-hindi sroton ka uddharan dena

gair hindi sroton ke uddharan ki anumati di jaati hai. baharahaal, kyonki yeh hindi bhaasha ki vikipeediya hai, hindi bhaasha ke sroton ko gair hindi sroton ke mukaabale praathamikta di jaati hai jab bhi baraabar ki gunavatta aur praasangikta ke hindi srot upalabdh hain.

anya mudde

satyaapaneeyata shaamil kiye jaane ki guaranty naheen hai

haalaanki lekh mein shaamil ki jaane waali jaankaari satyaapaneeya honi chaahiye, iska matlab yeh naheen hai ki saari satyaapaneeya jaankaari lekh mein shaamil ki jaani chaahiye. aam sahamati nirdhaarit kar sakti hai ki kuchh nishchit jaankaari lekh mein sudhaar naheen karti hai aur yeh lopit kar deni chaahiye ya iske bajaay alag lekh mein prastut ki jaani chaahiye. shaamil kiye jaane ke liye aam sahamati praapt karne ki jimmedaari vivaadit saamagri ko shaamil karne ki maang karne vaalon par hai.

asaadhaaran daavon ke liye asaadhaaran sroton ki aavashyakta

neeti laghu path:
vi:asaadhaaran

koi asaadhaaran daave ke liye kai uchch gunavatta vaale sroton ki aavashyakta hai. jaise:

  • kai mukhyadhaara sroton dvaara kavar naheen ki gayi aashcharya ki baat ya jaahira taur par mahatvapoorn daave;
  • chunauti diye gaye daave jo praathamik ya swayam prakaashit sroton se vishuddh roop se samarthit hai ya fir unase jinka hit se spasht sangharsh hai;
  • kisi bayaan ki report kisi ke dvaara jo ajeeb aacharan lagti hai, ya kisi hit ke khilaaf jiska pehle bachaav kiya tha;
  • praasangik samudaaya ke bheetar prachalit drushya ka khandan kar rahe daave, ya jo kaafi mukhyadhaara maanyataaon ko badal dega, vishesh roop se vigyaan, chikitsa, itihaas, raajaneeti, aur jeevit logon ki jeevani mein. yeh vishesh roop se sach hai jab samarthak kahein ki unhein chup karne ki saajish chal rahi hai.

tippaniyaaain

  1. jab koi sampaadak kisi srot ko pradaan karta hai, jo vah maanata ya maanati ​a​ahai, achhi neeyat mein, ki paryaapt hai, fir baad mein saamagri ko hataane vaale sampaadak ka ye daayitv hai ki vo vikipeediya se iske bahishkaar ka auchitya saabit karne waali vishisht samasyaaon ko vyakt karein (udaaharan ke liye, ek chhoti si baat par anuchit jor, ajnyaaanakosheeya saamagri, aadi). fir sabhi sampaadkon se ummeed ki jaati hai ki vo aam sahamati haasil karne mein madad karein aur saamagri vaapas jode jaane se pehle paath ya sorsing ke saath koi bhi samasya ko sahi kare.
  2. ye ho sakta hai ki lekh mein itne kam uddharan ho ki vishisht uddharan pradaan karein ka taig jodna avyaavahaarik ho, jis maamale mein anubhaag ko {{unreferencedsection}} se taig kare ya {{refimprove}} ke saath ya poore lekh ko {{unreferenced}} ke saath. vivaadit shreni ya bahuviklpi prushth ke maamale mein, vaarta prushth par sandarbh ke liye poochhane par vichaar karein.
  3. taiging ya aisi saamagri hataate samay, krupaya dhyaan rakhein is tarah ke sanpaadan aasaani se galat samajhe ja sakte hai. kuchh sampaadak doosaron par aapatti karte hai jo jeern, aksar aur srotaheen jaankaari ko bade paimaane par vilopan karte hai, vishesh roop se jab saamagri mein sudhaar karne ke anya prayaas na ho. keval ek vishesh drushtikon ki saamagri par dhyaan keindrit naheen karein, kyonki aise aap par aarop lag sakte hai ki aap vi:nidru ka ullanghan kar rahe hai. iske alaava ye dekhein ki saamagri prushth par kisi aur uddharan se samarthit to naheen hai. in sab kaaranon se, spasht roop se samvaad karne ki salaah di jaati hai ki aapke paas kaaran hai ki prashnaaspad saamagri satyaapit naheen ki ja sakti hai.
  4. ismein is tarah ki saamagri shaamil hai:- saarvajanik roop se sulabh abhilekhaagaar mein dastaavej, smaarakon par shilaalekh, samaadhi, aadi jo kisi ko bhi dekhne ke liye upalabdh hain.