vikipeediya:lekh ko kaise badalein?

vikipeediya ek sarv sulabh jnyaaanakosh hai, jo duniya bhar ke yogadaanakartaao dvaara likha ja raha hai . yeh sthal ek viki hai jiska matlab hai ki koi bhi - aap bhi - kisi bhi asurakshit lekh ko badal sakte hain aur ve badlaav turant hi is web site par aa jaayeinge |

viki pannon ko badalna bahut aasaan hai. kisi bhi panne ko badalne ke liye is panne ko badalein kadi ko klik karke. yeh aapko ek naye panne par le jaayega jahaan aap ek tekst box mein us viki pej ke lekh ko badal sakeinge. usamein type kar ke badlaav kariye, edit box ke neeche saaraansh (samari) mein apne badlaav ka chhote mein saar likhiye aur 'badlaav surakshit karein' (sev) batan ko dabaaiye. aap badlaav surakshit karne ke pehle apne parivrtanon ki jhalak dekhne ke liye 'jhalak dikha' (preevyoo) batan ka upayog bhi kar sake hain.

viki panne badalne ke liye anya jaankaari

yeh panna viki maarkaap ke baare mein hai. aap nimn ke baare mein bhi jaanana chaah sakte hain (sab angreji mein):

vikipeediya lekh badalne ke liye tips

krupaya nishpaksh pahaloo ka prayog karein . aur apne [srot bataayein] taaki anya log aapke kaarya ki jaaainch kar sakein evam use badha sakein .

kai baar yeh zyaada suvidhaajanak rahata hai ki aap panne ki tekst ko kaupi kar ke apni pasand ke tekst editor mein pest karein, vahaaain badlaav karein, aur fir apne braaujr mein vaapas pest kar ke badlaav surakshit karne ke pehle jhalak dekhein| is tarah se aap apne yogadaan vaale pannon ki ek prati apne paas bhi rakheinge aur unamein ofalaain badlaav bhi kar paayeinge. kuchh tekst editor vikipeediya mein badlaav karne ke liye vishesh roop mein parivrtit kiye ja sakte hain|

agar badlaav karte samay aap vartamaan roopaantar dekhna chaahein to keinsal ko nayi vindo mein kholein. yeh aapke badlaav ko kainsal naheen karta hai.

ek naya panna banaane ke baad achha hoga yadi

  • aap us panne ko dekhte samay yahaaain par kya judta hai se apne lekh se jude lekhon ko dekhein aur jaaainchein ki aapke dvaara di gayi paribhaasha un sabhi ke upayukt hai.
  • Google dvaara vikipeediya ki khoj mein apne lekh sheershak (aur sambhaavit roopaantaron) ko khojein aur yadi upayukt ho to un lekhon se apne lekh ki kadi jodein.
  • aap jin anya bhaashaaon ko jaante hon, unke vikipeediya mein samatulya lekh khojein aur yadi upayukt ho to un lekhon se apne lekh ki kadi jodein aur apne lekh mein unki kadi jodein .

laghu ya apradhaan badlaav

Minor Edit bhi dekhein

panne badalate samay , laugd in sadasya apne parivrtanon par "apradhaan badlaav " ka chinh laga sakte hain. apradhaan badlaav aksar hote hain : speling sahi karna, faurmaiting badalna, ya lekh mein kuchh shabdon ka herafer karna| haal mein hue badlaav dekhte samay apradhaan badlaavon ko "chhupaaya" ja sakta hai. kisi pradhaan badlaav ko apradhaan chinh lagaana bura bartaav maana jaata hai, aur bhi bura yadi ismein aapne kuchh tekst hataai ho. yadi aapne galati se apne badlaav ko apradhaan chinh lagaaya hai to us panne ko pun: badalein aur "yeh ek chhota badlaav hai" ke chinh (check mark) kah hata dein aur saaraansh mein lekhe, na ki pichhla badlaav chhota naheen tha.

viki maarkaap

neeche ke table mein baaainye haath ki or aap dekh sakte hain ki kis tarah ke roopaantar sambhav hain . table ke seedhe haath ki taraf dikhaaya gaya hai ki yeh roopaantar kaise kiya gaya . doosare shabdon mein, apni tekst ko baaainye haath ki tarah banaane ke liye daaainye haath ki taraf dikhaaye gaye roop mein type karein .

aap refrens ke liye is panne ko ek alag braaujr vindo mein khol kar rakh sakte hain . agar aap galati karne ke khatre se bachana chaahate hain to aap badlaav aur faurmaiting ke baare mein prayog vikipeediya:prayogasthal mein kar sakte hain .


The rest of this page is deprecated but will be updated periodically.
Please direct edits to the Meta-Wikimedia version of this page

Jaipur (en indien Jaipur) - de jai, victoire et pur, ville - est la capitale de l'Éatat indien du Rajasthan. La situation de la ville, dans une cuvette protéaagéaae par les Âarâavalli, lui permettait de se déaafendre assez aiséaament, la route de Delhi éaatant tenue par la forteresse d'Amber à une dizaine de kilomèatres. Jaipur se trouve à 430 m d'altitude et à 260 km de Delhi.








Sections, paragraphs, lists and lines

bomb the aameri

aisa dikhne ke liye aisa type karein

vibhaagon ko aise banaayein


naya vibhaag

naya up-vibhaag

naya up-up-vibhaag



==naya vibhaag==

===naya up-vibhaag ===
mya mom has seksh vith havhores
====naya up-up-vibhaag ====

ek akeli nailaain ka leaaut par koi prabhaav nahi hota . ye ek pairaagraaf mein vaakyon ko alag rakhane ke liye prayog mein laai ja sakti hain . kai lekhak ise editing mein suvidhaakaarak maanate hain kyonki isse diff fnkashan dvaara badlaav maaloom karne mein sahaayata milti hai .

lekin ek khaali line naya pairaagraaf shuroo karti hai .

ek akeli [[nailaain]] ka 
leaaut par koi prabhaav nahi hota . 
ye ek pairaagraaf mein vaakyon ko
alag rakhane ke liye prayog mein laai ja sakti hain .
kai lekhak ise editing mein suvidhaakaarak maanate hain
kyonki isse ''diff'' fnkashan dvaara 
badlaav maaloom karne mein sahaayata milti hai . 

lekin ek khaali line 
naya pairaagraaf shuroo karti hai . 
aap pairaagraaf shuroo kiye bina
laainon ko tod sakte hain .
aap pairaagraaf shuroo kiye bina <br/>
laainon ko tod sakte hain .
  • soochiyaaain banaana aasaan hai:
    • har line ki shuruaat sitaare * se karein
      • zyaada sitaaron ka matlab hai deeper level
* soochiyaaain banaana aasaan hai:
** har line ki shuruaat sitaare * se karein 
*** zyaada sitaaron ka matlab hai deeper level

  1. nambaron waali soochiyaaain bhi bahut achhi hain
    1. suniyojit
    2. samajhne mein aasaan
# nambaron waali soochiyaaain bhi bahut achhi hain 
## suniyojit
## anusaran karne mein aasaan 
  • aap mili-juli soochiyaaain bhi bana sakte hain
    1. aur unhein ek ke andar ek daal sakte hain
      • is tarah
* aap mili-juli soochiyaaain bhi bana sakte hain
*# aur unhein ek ke andar ek daal sakte hain 
*#* is tarah 
paribhaasha soochi
paribhaashaaon ki soochi
vastu
vastu ki paribhaasha
; paribhaasha soochi : paribhaashaaon ki soochi 
; vastu : vastu ki paribhaasha 
  • har line par ek vastu hi likhein ,

nailaain keval kolan ke pehle banaayein . kolan ke pehle khaali jagah chhodein .

kolan dvaara line ya pairaagraaf ko andar ki or indent kiya ja sakta hai .

nailaain se naya pairaagraaf shuroo hota hai .

  • yeh adhiktar dekhne vaale lekhon ke liye hai ,

lekin iska prayog samvaad ke liye vaarta ke pannon par bhi kiya ja sakta hai.

:kolan dvaara line ya pairaagraaf ko andar ki or indent kiya ja sakta hai . 
nailaain se naya pairaagraaf shuroo hota hai . 
 agar koi line khaali jagah se shuroo hoti hai to 
 vah bilkul vaisi hi dikhegi
 jaisi ki type ki gayi thi;
 niyat chaudaai ki faunt mein ;
 laainein apne aap agali line par naheen jaayeingi (wrap naheen kareingi);
 ENDIF
 yeh nimn maamalon mein upayogi hai :
 * pasting preformatted text;
 * algorithm descriptions;
 * program source code;
 * [[ASCII art]] and chemical structures;
chetaavani - yadi aap ise bahut chauda banaayeinge to aapka poora panna itna chauda ho jaayega aur ise padhne mein mushkil hogi . saadhaaranat: laainon ki shuruaat khaali jagah se na karein .
 agar koi line khaali jagah se shuroo hoti hai to 
 vah bilkul vaisi hi dikhegi
 jaisi ki type ki gayi thi;
 niyat chaudaai ki faunt mein ;
 laainein apne aap agali line par naheen jaayeingi (wrap naheen kareingi);
 ENDIF
 this is useful for:
 * pasting preformatted text;
 * algorithm descriptions;
 * program source code;
 * [[ASCII art]] and chemical structures;
Centered text.
<center>Centered text.</center>
ek samatal rekha : yeh rekha ke oopar hai

yeh rekha ke neeche hai

vaarta pannon ke sootron ko alag rakhane ke liye upayogi
In rare times used to disambiguate an expression without creating a separate page.

ek [[samatal rekha ]]: yeh rekha ke oopar hai 
----
yeh rekha ke neeche hai 

Links, URLs

.

What it looks like What you type
London has public transport.
  • First letter of target is automatically capitalized.
  • Internally spaces are automatically represented as underscores (typing an underscore has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).

Thus the link above is to http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_transport, which is the article with the name "Public transport". See also Wikipedia:Canonization.

London has [[public transport]].
Same target, different name:

answers.
(This is a piped link.)

Same target, different name: 
[[wikipedia FAQ|answers]]
Endings are blended into the link: testing, genes
Endings are blended 
into the link: [[test]]ing, [[gene]]s

braiket mein likha hua apne aap chhup jaata hai: raaj

Automatically hide namespace: Village Pump.

The server fills in the part after the | when you save the page. Next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. A preview interprets the abbreviated form correctly, but does not expand it yet in the edit box. Press Save and again Edit, and you will see the expanded version. The same applies for the following feature.

braiket mein likha hua apne aap chhup jaata hai: . [[ raaj (jeevavigyaan) | raaj ]] 
Automatically hide namespace: 
[[Wikipedia:Village Pump|]].

Economics#See also is a link to a section within another page.
#Links, URLs is a link to a section on this page.

The part after the # must exactly match a heading on the page (in spelling, case and punctuation). See == headers == above for how to create headings. Links to non-existent sections aren't broken, they are treated as links to the top of the page.
[[Economics#See also]] is a link...
[[#Links, URLs]] is a link...
When adding a comment to a Talk page,

you should sign it. You can do this by adding three tildes for your user name:

Montrealais

or four for user name plus date/time:

Montrealais 08:10 Oct 5, 2002 (UTC)
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it. You can do this by
adding three tildes for your user name:
: ~~~
or four for user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~
The weather in London is a page that doesn't

exist yet.

  • You can create it by clicking on the link.


  • To create a new page:
    1. Create a link to it on some other page.
    2. Save that page.
    3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
  • Have a look at how to start a page guide and Wikipedia's naming conventions.
[[The weather in London]] is a page 
that doesn't exist yet.
Wikipedia:How to edit a page is this page. Self links appear as bold text when the article is viewed.
[[Wikipedia:How to edit a page]] is this page.

Redirect one article title to another by putting text like this in its first line. Note that redirects to sections do not work yet. #REDIRECT [[United States#History]] will redirect to the United States page, but not to any particular section on it. It is possible this feature will be implemented in future, so such redirects could be used now for future compatibility.

#REDIRECT [[United States]]

Link to a page on the same subject in another language using a link like [[language code:Title]].

It does not matter where you put these links while editing as they always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended. See Wikipedia:Interlanguage links and list of languages and codes.

[[fr:Wikipéadia:Aide]]
"What links here" and "Related changes" can be linked as:

Special:Whatlinkshere/Wikipedia:How to edit a page and Special:Recentchangeslinked/Wikipedia:How to edit a page

[[Special:Whatlinkshere/Wikipedia:
How to edit a page]] and
[[Special:Recentchangeslinked/Wikipedia:
How to edit a page]]
A user's "Contributions" page can be linked as:
Special:Contributions/UserName or Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0
[[Special:Contributions/UserName]]
[[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]
To put an article in a Wikipedia:Category:
[[shreni:Character sets]]
To link to a Wikipedia:Category page, without putting the article in this category:

Category:Character sets

[[:Category:Character sets]]
External link:

Plain URL: http://www.nupedia.com/ (no markup)
This is an unnamed link. [1] (using square brackets).
Named link to Nupedia (note use of space, not pipe, to separate URL from name).

External link: 
Plain URL: http://www.nupedia.com/
This is an unnamed link. [http://www.nupedia.com/]
Named link to [http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia].
  • In the URL all symbols must be among: A-Z a-z 0-9 ._\/~%-+&#?!=()@ \x80-\xFF. If a URL contains a different character it should be converted; for example, ^ has to be written %5E (to be looked up in ASCII).

To link to books, you can use Wikipedia:ISBN links. This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors. ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use this format.

ISBN 012345678X
ISBN 0-123-45678-X

ISBN 012345678X
ISBN 0-123-45678-X
Use links for dates, so everyone can set their own display order. Use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.

July 20, 1969 , 20 July 1969 and 1969-07-20

[[July 20]], [[1969]] , [[20 July]] [[1969]]
and [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
will all appear as 20 July 1969 if you set your date display preference to 15 January 2001, but July 20, 1969 if you set it to January 15, 2001.

To include links to non-image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link.


Sound



[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]

Links, URLs, images

yeh kaisa dikhta hai ? What you type
A picture:
Wikipedia Encyclopedia

  • Only images that have been uploaded to Wikipedia can be used. To upload images, use the upload page. You can find the uploaded image on the image list.
  • See Wikipedia:Image use policy, Image markup and extended image syntax for more hints.
  • Alternative text, used when the image isn't loaded, in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternate text for images for help on choosing it.
A picture: [[Image:Wiki.png]]

or, with alternate text

[[Image:Wiki.png|jigsaw globe]]

or, floating to the right side of the page and with a caption.

A picture: [[Image:Wiki.png|frame|right|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]

or, floating to the right side of the page without a caption.

[[Image:Wiki.png|right|]]

Note the extra | after the word right. This is to make sure the image floats to the right side of the page, and not so that the alternate text is "right".

Clicking on an uploaded image displays a description page, which you can also link directly to: Image:Wiki.png


[[:Image:Wiki.png]]

To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.


Image of a Tornado



[[media:Tornado aircraft.jpg|Image of a Tornado]]

Character formatting

What it looks like What you type

Emphasize, strongly, very strongly.

  • These are double and triple apostrophes (single-quote marks), not double-quote marks.
  • Note that on almost all browsers, these appear as italic and bold; for semantic reasons, <i> and <b> are preferable in mathematical formulas.
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', 
'''''very strongly'''''.
A typewriter font for technical terms.
  • For semantic reasons, <code> should be used instead when writing computer programs
A typewriter font for <tt>technical terms</tt>.
You can use small text for captions.
You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.
You can strike out deleted material

and underline new material.

You can <strike>strike out deleted material</strike>
and <u>underline new material</u>.

Umlauts and accents:
(See wikipedia:Special characters)
è é ê ë ì í

À Á Â Ã Ä Å
Æ Ç È É Ê Ë
Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò
Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù
Ú Û Ü ß à á
â ã ä å æ ç
è é ê ë ì í
î ï ñ ò ó ô
œ õ ö ø ù ú
û ü ÿ



è é ê ë ì í
&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring; 
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml; 
&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve; 
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave; 
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig; &agrave; &aacute; 
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil; 
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc; 
&oelig; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute; 
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;

Punctuation:
¿ ¡ § ¶
† ‡ • – —
‹ › « »
' ' “ ”


&iquest; &iexcl; &sect; &para;
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash;
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; &laquo; &raquo;
' ' &ldquo; &rdquo;

Commercial symbols:
™ © ® ¢ € ¥

£ ¤

&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen; 
&pound; &curren;
Subscript: x2

Superscript: x2 or x²

  • The latter method of superscript can't be used in the most general context, but is preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m.

1 hectare = 1 E4 m²

Subscript: x<sub>2</sub>
Superscript: x<sup>2</sup> or x&sup2;







&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.


1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m²]]

Greek characters:

α β γ δ ε ζ
η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ σ ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω
Γ Δ Θ Λ Ξ Π
Σ Φ Ψ Ω

&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta; 
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu; 
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf;
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi; 
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;

Math characters:
∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞
≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥ →
× · ÷ ∂ ′ ″
∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø
∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀ ⇒ ⇔
→ ↔
(See also WikiProject Mathematics)

&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge; &rarr;
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &hArr;
&rarr; &harr;
x2 ≥ 0 true.
  • To space things out, use non-breaking spaces - .
  • also prevents line breaks in the middle of text, this is useful in formulas.
<i>x</i><sup>2</sup> &ge; 0 true.

Complicated formulae:

  • See Wikipedia:TeX markup
 
<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>

Suppressing interpretation of markup:
Link → (<i>to</i>) the [[Wikipedia FAQ]]

  • Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
  • Escapes all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.
  • Does not escape HTML character references.
  • To escape HTML character references such as &rarr; use &amp;rarr;
<nowiki>Link &rarr; (<i>to</i>) 
the [[Wikipedia FAQ]]</nowiki>

Commenting page source:
not shown in page

  • Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
<!-- comment here -->

Tables

Placement of the Table of Contents (TOC)

At the current status of the wiki markup language, having at least four headers on a page triggers the TOC to appear in front of the first header (or after introductory sections). Putting __NOTOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to disappear. See also compact TOC for alphabet and year headings.

Tables

There are two ways to build tables:

  • in special Wiki-markup (see m:Help:Table)
  • with the usual HTML elements: <table>, <tr>, <td> or <th>.

For the latter, and a discussion on when tables are appropriate, see Wikipedia:How to use tables.

Variables

(See also m:Help:Variable)

Code Effect
{{CURRENTMONTH}} ;06
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} June
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} June
{{CURRENTDAY}} 15
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Budhvaar
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2016
{{CURRENTTIME}} 21:02
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 1,04,207
{{PAGENAME}} lekh ko kaise badalein?
{{NAMESPACE}} vikipeediya
{{localurl:pagename}} /wiki/Pagename
{{localurl:Wikipedia:Sandbox|action=edit}} /w/index.php?title=%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%80%E0%A4%A1%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%BE:Sandbox&action=edit
{{SERVER}} //hi.wikipedia.org
{{ns:1}} vaarta
{{ns:2}} sadasya
{{ns:3}} sadasya vaarta
{{ns:4}} vikipeediya
{{ns:5}} vikipeediya vaarta
{{ns:6}} chitr
{{ns:7}} chitr vaarta
{{ns:8}} meediyaaviki
{{ns:9}} meediyaaviki vaarta
{{ns:10}} saaaincha
{{ns:11}} saaaincha vaarta
{{ns:12}} sahaayata
{{ns:13}} sahaayata vaarta
{{ns:14}} shreni
{{ns:15}} shreni vaarta
{{SITENAME}} vikipeediya

NUMBEROFARTICLES is the number of pages in the main namespace which contain a link and are not a redirect, i.e. number of articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages).

Templates

The MediaWiki software used by Wikipedia has limited support for template inclusion. This means standardized text chunks (such as boilerplate text) can be inserted into articles. For example, typing {{stub}} will appear as This article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. when the page is saved. Other commonly used ones are {{disambig}} for disambiguation pages and {{spoiler}} for spoiler warnings. See Wikipedia:Template messages for the complete list.

See also