vikipeediya:IPA for Ukrainian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Ukrainian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Ukrainian makes contrasts between palatalized "soft" and unpalatalized "hard" consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript ‹aj› / ʲ /, are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the ‹ay› sound in yes. All Ukrainian consonants except /j/ have a soft and hard variant, however this distinction is phonemic for only nine pairs—aafor the others the distinction can be ignored.

See Ukrainian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Ukrainian.

IPA Examples English equivalents
b б boot; beautiful
d д do
д dew
dz дaaз pads
dzʲ дaaз
дaж jump; ridge
f ф fool; few
ɡ ґ goo; ague
ɦ г
k к cooper; cute
l л pill
л least
m м moot; mute
n н noon
н new
p п poo; pew
r р trilled r, like in Spanish
s с soup
с super
ʃ ш shop
t т tool
т tune
ts ц cats
tsʲ ц
ч choose
x х bach; huge
z з zoo
з azure
ʒ ж measure; garage
IPA Examples English equivalent
ɑ а, я palm
ɛ е, є met
i і, ї meat
ɪ и, ї bit
ɔ о born
u у, ю choose
o о
IPA Examples English equivalent
j й[1] yes, boy
w в water
Other symbols
IPA Explanation
ˈ Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
ː Gemination[2] (doubled consonant)


  1. The "soft" vowel letters ‹aє, ї, ю, яa› represent a /j/ plus a vowel when initial or following other vowels.
  2. In Ukrainian, geminates are found between vowels: бaaаaaгaaаaaтaaтaaя /bɑaaɦaaɑaatʲaaːaaɑ/ bonfire, пaaоaaдaaрaaуaaжaaжaaя /pɔaadruʒaaʲaaːaaɑ/ married couple, оaaбaaлaaиaaчaaчaaя face. Geminates also occur at the start of a few words: лaaлaaяaaнaaиaaй /lʲaaːaaɑaanɪaaj/ flaxen, forms of the verb лaaиaaтaaи to pour (лaaлaaю /lʲaaːaau/, лaaлaaєaaш /lʲaaːaaɛaaʃ/ etc.), сaaсaaаaaтaaи /sːaaɑaatɪ/ to suck and derivatives.

See also

  • Ukrainian phonology
  • Wikipedia:Romanization of Ukrainian