vikipeediya:IPA for Sinhala

Vowels

Independent
‌aං ‌aඃ
ʌ ɑaaː æ æaaː ɪ ʊ (?) (?) (?) (?) ɛ ɒ ɔaaː ŋ h
Dependent
කaaා කaaැ කaaෑ කaaි කaaී කaaු කaaූ කaaෘ කaaෲ කaaෟ කaaෳ කaaෙ කaaේ කaaෛ කaaො කaaෝ කaaෞ කaa් කaaං කaaඃ
kɑaaː kæaaː kiː kuː (?) (?) (?) (?) keː kaɪ kɔaaː kaʊ k kʌaaŋ kʌaah

Consonants

Voiceless Voiced Nasal Nasalised Voiced
Velar
kʰaaʌ gʰaaʌ ŋaaʌ ngʌ
Palatal
tʃaaʌ tʃaaʰaaʌ dʒaaʌ dʒaaʰaaʌ (?) (?)
Alveolar
tʰaaʌ dʰaaʌ ndʌ
Dental
θaaʌ θaaʰaaʌ ðaaʌ ðaaʰaaʌ nðaaʌ
Bilabilal
pʰaaʌ bʰaaʌ mbʌ
Glides, Fricatives, etc
ʒaaʌ ʃaaʌ

Consonant Clusters

කaa්aa‍aaර කaa්aa‍aaය රaa්aa‍aaක
(?) krʌ kyʌ rkʌ

Objective

Provide a transliteration scheme between Sinhala and the International Phonetic Alphabet to allow non-Sinhala speakers to identify the phonemes associated with Sinhala letters.

Clarification

When a Sinhala consonant is part of a word, the inherent vowel is a 'ə' (schwa). So a 'ක', when it is part of a word, is transliterated to a 'kə'. There are two exceptions to this rule.

  1. When the Sinhala consonant is the first letter of a word, the inherent vowel is a 'ʌ' (caret). So a 'ක', when it is the first letter of a word is transliterated to a 'kʌ'.
  2. When one is simply referring to the letter by itself, the inherent vowel is a 'ʌ' (caret). So the letter 'ක' is transliterated to a 'kʌ'.