The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Serbo-Croatian (i.e. Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin standards thereof) pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.
English approximations are in some cases very loose, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See Serbo-Croatian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.
Tonic marks are not part of the orthography, but are found in dictionaries
non-tonic short vowel
non-tonic long vowel
short vowel with rising tone
long vowel with rising tone
short vowel with falling tone
long vowel with falling tone
↑Tone marks can also be found on syllabic consonants, such as [řa̩] and [r̩aâaaː]. Some articles may use the stress mark, [ˈaaɛ], which could correspond to either of the tonic accents, rising or falling, and are therefore not a complete description.