Other symbols used in transcription of Russian pronunciation
Stress (placed before the stressed syllable),
for example эaaтaaаaaп [ɪaaˈaatap]
↑Russian makes contrasts between palatalized ("soft") and unpalatalized ("hard") consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript j, ‹ ʲ› , are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the articulation of the y sound in yes. /j/, /ɕaaɕ/, /tɕ/, /ʑaaʑ/ are also considered "soft".
↑ aaaiEuIn consonant clusters, the voicing or devoicing is determined by that of the final obstruent in the sequence (Halle 1959:31)
↑ aaaiEuooAaiVoiced obstruents (/b/, /bʲ/, /d/, /dʲ/ /ɡ/, /v/, /vʲ/, /z/, /zʲ/, /ʐ/, and /ʑaaʑ/) are devoiced word-finally unless the next word begins with a voiced obstruent (Halle 1959:22).
↑ aaaiEIn some religious words such as Бaaоaaг and Гaaоaaсaaпaaоaaдaaь, as well as interjections, ‹aгa› and ‹aкa› represent [ɣ] and [x], respectively. When /ɡ/ loses its voicing, it is also lenited (a form of dissimilation) before plosives in some words.
↑The "soft" vowel letters <е> <ю> and <я> represent a /j/ plus a vowel when initial or following other vowels or a yer. When such vowels are unstressed, the /j/ may be deleted.
↑While some speakers pronounce words with ‹aщa› as [ɕaaɕ] and others as [ɕaatɕ], none contrast the two pronunciations. This generally includes words spelled with other letters, though speakers with the [ɕaaɕ] pronunciation may still pronounce words like сaaчaaиaaтaaыaaвaaаaaтaaь with [ɕaatɕ] because of the morpheme boundary between ‹aсa› and ‹aчa›.
↑Intervocalic <г> can represent /v/ in certain words and affixes
↑The phoneme /ʑaaʑ/ is in many dialects is replaced with /ʐ/.
↑[ɑ] appears between a hard consonant (or a pause) and /l/
Wikipedia:Romanization of Russian
Halle, Morris (1959), Sound Pattern of Russian, MIT Press
Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996), The Sounds of the World's Languages, Blackwell Publishing, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰0-631-19815-6