Syllable marker, generally used between vowels in hiatus
Palatalization (placed after the palatalized consonant)
↑ aaaiThe affricates are correctly written with tie-bars: [t͡aas], [t͡aaʃ], [d͡aaʒ]. As the tie-bars display incorrectly with some fonts, they are often omitted. However, these affricates contrast with the plosive-fricative sequences [ts], [tʃ] and [dʒ]. Usually the spelling of the Romanian word indicates the pronunciation, with the affricates spelled ț, c, g, with one letter, and the sequences ts, tș, dj, with two, but this is not always the case, especially in personal names.
↑Not a separate phoneme, but an allophone of /n/ before velars.
↑Intervocalic /r/ may be pronounced as a flap [ɾ].
↑ aaaiThe Romanian [e], [o] and [ø] are in fact realized as mid vowels: [e̞], [o̞], [øaa̞]. In phonetic transcriptions, however, the lowering diacritic is usually omitted for simplicity.
↑ aaaThe approximants /j/ and /w/ can appear before and after vowels, including the diphthongs /e̯aaa/ and /o̯aaa/, in almost any combination.
History of the Romanian language
Chițaoran, Ioana (2001), The Phonology of Romanian: A Constraint-based Approach, Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰3110167662