vikipeediya:IPA for Danish

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Danish pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Danish phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of this language.

Consonants
IPA Examples Closest equivalent
m mod [ˈaamoðaaˀ] 'courage' mood
n node [ˈaanoːaaðaaə] 'note' noon
ŋ lang [ˈaalɑaaŋaaˀ] 'long' long
b/b̥ bog [ˈaab̥aaɔaaʊaa̯aaˀ] 'book' book
p/pʰ pol [ˈaapʰaaoːaaˀaal] 'pole' pole
d/d̥ dåaab [ˈaad̥aaɔaaːaaˀaab̥] 'christening' do
t/tˢ tak [ˈaatˢaaɑaaɡaå] 'thank you' too
ɡ/g̊ god [ˈaaɡaåaaoðaaˀ] 'good' good
k/kʰ kone [ˈaakʰaaoːaanə] 'wife' cone
f fod [ˈaafoðaaˀ] 'foot' foot
s sod [ˈaasoðaaˀ] 'soot' soon
ɕ Sjæalland [ˈaaɕaaɛaaˌaalanˀ] 'Zealand' sheep
h hat [ˈaahad̥] 'hat' hat
ʋ våad [ˈaaʋaaɔaaðaaˀ] 'wet' vote
ʊaa̯ hav [ˈaahɑaaʊaa̯] 'sea' wave
ð øaade [ˈaaøaaːaaðaaə] 'deserted' bathe
j jord [ˈaajoɐaa̯aaˀ] 'earth' you
ɪaa̯ vej [ˈaaʋaaɑaaɪaa̯aaˀ] 'way' way
ʁ røaad [ˈaaʁaaœaaðaaˀ] 'red' French rôale
ɐaa̯ høaar [ˈaahøaaɐaa̯aaˀ] 'hear' hear
l lov [ˈaalɒaaʊaa̯] 'law' louver
Vowels
IPA Examples Closest equivalent
ɑ tak [ˈaatˢaaɑaaɡaå] 'thank you' like balm, but shorter
ɑaaː barn [ˈaabɑaaːaaˀaan] 'child' balm
a kat [ˈaakʰaaad̥] 'cat' Northern English/Scottish trap
æ frisk [ˈaafʁaaæaasɡaå] 'fresh' latter
æaaː gade [ˈaaɡaåaaæaaːaaðaaə] 'street' Australian ham
ɛ ven [ˈaavɛaan] 'friend' hell
ɛaaː hæaal [ˈaahɛaaːaaˀaal] 'heel' there
e fedt [ˈaafeð] 'fat' allez in French
e̝aaː hel [ˈaaheːaaˀaal] 'whole' Scottish/Canadian save
i tisse [ˈaatˢaaisə] 'pee' happy
si [ˈaasiːaaˀ] 'sieve' leaf
o flod [ˈaafloðaaˀ] 'river' French sot
kone [ˈaakʰaaoːaanə] 'wife' Scottish/Canadian stove
ɔ ost [ˈaaɔaasd̥] 'cheese' moll, with round lips
ɔaaː måale [ˈaamɔaaːaalə] 'to measure' like the previous, but longer
u ud [ˈaauðaaˀ] 'out' like fool, but shorter
hule [ˈaahuːaalə] 'cave' boot
ø nøaad [ˈaanøaaðaaˀ] 'nut' French vieux or German Österreich
øaaː løaaber [ˈaaløaaːaab̥aaɐ] 'runner' German öl
œ bøaanne [ˈaab̥aaœaanə]) 'bean' French bœaauf
œaaː afgrøaade [ˈaaavgʁaaœaaːaaðaaə] 'crop' French bœaauf (but longer)
ɶ tøaar [ˈaatɶaaɐaa̯aaˀ]) 'dry' French sœaaur (but shorter)
ɶaaː fyrre [ˈaafɶaaːaaɐ] 'fourty' French sœaaur
y tyk [ˈaatyɡaå] 'thick' French vue
synlig [ˈaasyːaanli] 'visible' German über
ʌ åand [ˈaaʌaanˀ] 'spirit' but
ɒ og [ˈaaɒaaw] 'and' off
ɒː i gåar [iˈaaɡaaɒaaːaaˀ] 'yesterday' off
støaad
ˀ ti [ˈaatiːaaˀ] 'ten' Cockney city
unstressed
ə hoppe [ˈaahʌaab̥aaə] 'jump' about
ɐ løaaber [ˈaaløaaːaab̥aaɐ] 'runner' British English runner
ɪ kage [ˈaakʰaaæaaːaaɪ] 'cake' hit
ʊ mave [ˈaamæaaːaaʊ] 'stomach' foot

Bibliography

  • Grøannum, Nina. (1998a). Fonetik og fonologi, Almen og Dansk. (Akademisk Forlag, Køabenhavn) ISBN 87-500-3865-6
  • Grøannum, Nina. (1998b). Illustrations of the IPA: Danish. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 28 (1 & 2), 99-105.
  • Grøannum, Nina. (2007) Røadgrøad med fløaade - En lille bog om dansk fonetik (Akademisk Forlag, Køabenhavn) ISBN-13 978-87-500-3918-1

See also

  • Danish phonology