vikipeediya:IPA for Czech and Slovak

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Czech language and Slovak language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Stress is always on the first syllable.

English approximations are in some cases very loose, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See Czech phonology and Slovak language for a more thorough look at the sounds.

IPA Examples nearest English equivalent
Consonants
b byl bill
c těaašaait, teď, lať stew (UK), ty-
d déalka delta
dz dz heads (Slovak only)
báan jab
f foukat, záaachvěv focus
ɡ gag, kdo gag
ɦ hořaet ahead
j jenom, spieva yellow
ɟ ďas dew (UK), dy-
k kolo, ping-pong scold
l lak lack
m mouka mocha
n nyní ninny
ɲ koně, laň canyon
ŋ Hanka Hank
p pyl, nabob spill
r robot robot (trilled)
řeka simultaneous [r] and [ʒ] (Czech only)
r̝aå chřest simultaneous [r] and [ʃ] (Czech only)
s stůal stole
ʃ šelest shell
t ten, led stand
ts cena bats
čas chase
v víatr vittle
x chomout, práh Bach
ʎ veľ ly (Slovak only)
z zima zoo
ʒ žáar fusion
IPA Examples nearest English equivalent
Monophthongs
short
a matka mutt, mat
ɛ let let
ɪ klid kid
o pod pot
u kup coop
long
máma as above, but longer
ɛaaː létat
klít cleat
móda as above, but longer
úroda, kůlna
Diphthongs
ou louka local
ɛaau pneumonie say oo
au auto out
wo jahôd woe (Slovak only)
Syllabic consonants
Vltava little
l̩aaː vĺčaa little left (long. Slovak only)
vrba US: verb (trilled)
r̩aaː vŕba US: verb (trilled, long. Slovak only)
Stress
ˈ Stress falls on the first syllable of a word