vikipeediya:IPA for Burmese

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Burmese language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Burmese language#Phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Burmese.

Consonants
IPA Burmese example Approximate English equivalent
b ဘaaဲ [bɛaá] bat
d ဓaaာaaတaa် [daʔ] dye
ဂaaျaaငaa် [ɪaàaaɴ] Jew
ð အaaညaaာaaသaaာaaး [ʔaaəaaɲaaàðá][1] this
ɡ ဂaaုaaဏaa် [ɡòaauɴ] gate
h ဟaaုaaတaa် [houʔ] hone
j ယaaာaaး [já] yield
k ကaaုaaနaa် [kòaauɴ] skate[2]
ခaaုaaနaa် [òaauɴ] Kate[3]
l လaaုaaပaa် [louʔ] lay
လaaှaaုaaပaa် [ouʔ] play; like /l/ but voiceless
m မaaတaa် [maʔ] much
မaaှaaတaa် [aʔ] None; like /m/ but voiceless
n နaaမaa်aaး [náaaɴ] not
နaaှaaမaa်aaး [áaaɴ] None; like /n/ but voiceless
ɴ ခaaံ [kʰaaaɴ] lawn or long, but without a complete closure between the tongue and the roof of the mouth[4]
ɲ ညaaစaa် [ɲɪaaʔ] canyon
ɲaḁ ညaaှaaစaa် [ɲaḁɪaaʔ] None; like /ɲ/, but voiceless
ŋ ငaaါaaး [ŋá] sing
ŋaå ငaaှaaါaaး [ŋaåá] None; like /ŋ/, but voiceless
p ပaaဲ [pɛaá] spat[2]
ဖaaဲ [ɛaá] pat[3]
ɹ အaaမaaရaaပaaူaaရ [ʔaaəaaməɹa̰aapùɹa̰][5] rock
s စaaာ [sà] cats[6]
ဆaaာ [à] grass hut[3]
ʃ ရaaှaaာ [ʃà] shoe
t တaaတaa် [taʔ] sty[2]
ထaaပaa် [aʔ] tie[3]
ကaaြaaဉaa် [ɪaàaaɴ] itch[2]
tɕaaʰ ခaaျaaငaa် [tɕaaʰɪaàaaɴ] chew[3]
θ သaaတaa် [θaʔ] thin
w ဝaaါaaး [wá] wield
z ဇaaာ [zà] zoo
ʔ အaaုaaတaa် [ʔouʔ] _uh-_oh[7]
Vowels
IPA Burmese examples Approximate English equivalent
a နaaာaaး [ná] father
ai နaaိaaုaaငaa် [nàaiɴ] might
au နaaေaaာaaကaa် [nauʔ] mouth[8]
e နaaေ [nè] Scottish English mate
ei နaaိaaပaa် [neiʔ] may[8]
ɛ နaaယaa် [nɛaà] met
ə ခaaလaaုaaတaa် [kʰəlouʔ] comma
i နaaီaaး [ní] meet
ɪ နaaငaa်aaး [nɪaáɴ] mit[8]
o နaaိaaုaa့ [n] Scottish English note
ou နaaုaaနaa်aaး [nóauɴ] mow[8]
ɔ နaaေaaာaa် [nɔaà] bought
u နaaှaaူaaး [n̥ú] moot
ʊ နaaွaaမaa်aaး [nʊaáɴ] foot[8]
Tones
IPA Burmese examples Explanation
` ငaaါ [ŋaà] Normal phonation, medium duration, low intensity, low (often slightly rising) pitch
´ ငaaါaaး [ŋaá] Sometimes slightly breathy, relatively long, high intensity, high pitch; often with a fall before a pause
˷ ငaaါaa့ [ŋaaa̰] Tense or creaky phonation (sometimes with lax glottal stop), medium duration, high intensity, high (often slightly falling) pitch

Notes

saaaincha:Burmese characters

  1. An allophone of /θ/, not a distinct phoneme.
  2. a aa i E Unaspirated, like /p t k/ etc. in Romance or Slavic languages.
  3. a aa i E u Heavily aspirated.
  4. The vowel before the /ɴ/ is always nasalized, and if a consonant follows /ɴ/, then the /ɴ/ becomes homorganic with the following consonant.
  5. A marginal consonant in Burmese, /ɹ/ occurs only in foreign words, and even there is often replaced by /j/ or /l/.
  6. Much shorter than the English /s/ in Sue.
  7. The glottal stop, which may also be heard instead of /t/ in some varieties of English in words like button [ˈaabʌaaʔaan̩].
  8. a aa i E u The sounds [au], [ei], [ɪ], [ou], and [ʊ] are allophones of /ɔ/, /e/, /i/, /o/, and /u/ respectively, occurring in closed syllables, i.e. before /ɴ/ and /ʔ/.