↑Belarusian makes contrasts between palatalized ("soft") and unpalatalized ("hard") consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript j, ‹ ʲ› , are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the articulation of the y sound in yes. /j/ is also considered soft. /d, t, d͡aaʒ, t͡aaʃ, r, ʃ, ʒ/ are always hard.
↑ aaai/v/ and /l/ merge into /w/ ‹aўa› when in the syllable coda.
↑ aaaiUnstressed /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ are reduced to [a]. Unlike Russian, this is reflected in writing.
↑ aaa[i] and [ɨ] are in complementary distribution: [i] occurs word-initially and after soft consonants; [ɨ] occurs after hard consonants.
↑The "soft" vowel letters ‹aя, е, і, ё, юa› represent a /j/ plus a vowel when initial or following other vowels.
↑Nine Belarusian consonants can be contrastively geminated: /d͡aazʲaaː, lʲaaː, nʲaaː, sʲaaː, ʃaaː, t͡aasʲaaː, t͡aaʃaaʲaaː, zʲaaː, ʒaaː/.