vikipeediya:IPA for Armenian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Armenian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles, based on Eastern Armenian (EA) and Western Armenian (WA).

Consonants
IPA Orthography Examples
EA/C WA
b [1] բ պ
d [1] դ տ
dz [1] ձ ծ
[1] ջ ճ
f ֆ
ɡ [1] գ կ
h հ
j յ
ք գ, ք
k [2] կ [3]
l լ
m մ
n ն
փ բ, փ
p [2] պ [3]
r [2] ռ [4]
ɾ [5] ր ր, ռ
ʁ ղ
s ս
ʃ շ
թ դ, թ
t [2] տ [3]
tsʰ ց ձ, ց
ts [2] ծ [3]
tʃaaʰ չ չ, ջ
[2] ճ [3]
v վ, ւ
χ խ
z զ
ʒ ժ
Vowels (applicable bot to EA and WA)
IPA Reformed Orthography Traditional Orthography Examples
Monophthongs
ɑ ա ա, աaaյ [6] աaaրaaեaaւ, ծaaաaaռaaաaaյ, կaaը դaaոaaղaaաaaյ, հaaիaaմaaա, Աaaրaaա
ɛ ե,[7] է Վaaաaaհaaէ
ə ը (usually not written) մaaտaaաaaծaaոaaւaaմ, սaaքaaաaaնaaչaaեaaլaaի, ըaaնaaկaaեaaր
i ի իaaր
o ո,[8] օ ո,[8] օ, ոaaյ [6] օaaրaaէaaնaaք, ոaaվaaկaaիaaաaaնaaոaaս, հaaոaaրaaթ, յaaեaaտaaոaaյ
u ոaւ տaaոaaւaaն
ʏ [9] իaaւ գaaիaaւaaղ, սaaիaaւaaն, լaaիaaւaaն
œ էaaօ Էaaօaaժaaեaaնaaի
Diphthongs
ɑaaj աaaյ աaaյaaգaaի, մaaաaaյaaր, հaaաaaյ
յaaա, իaaա յaaա, իaaա, էaaա, եaaա, եaaաaaյ[6] Եaaաaaնaaիaaքaaեaaաaaն, սaaեaaնaaեaaաaaկ, կaaաaaյaaաaaն, մaaիaaաaaսaaիaaն, էaaաaaկ
ե, յaaե, յaaէ եaaրaaաaaզ, հaaաaaյaaեaaլaaի, նaաaյaէa՛
ji յaaի յaaի; occurs in էaaի կ'ոaaւaaզaaէaaիaaն, Մaaաaaյaaիaaս
jo եaaօ եaaօaaթaaը
ɛaaj եaaյ, էaaյ էaaյ թaaէaaյ
ij իaaյ իaaյaaնaaաaaլ
uj ոaaւaaյ ոaaյ քaaոaaյaaր
ju յaaոaaւ յaaոaaւ, իaaւ; occurs in իaaոaaւ, էaaոaaւ իaaւaaղ, կaaաaaյaaոaaւaaն, մaaիaaոaaւaaթaaիaaւaaն, էaaոaaւaaթaaիaaւaaն, գaaիaaտaaոaaւaaթaaիaaւaaն
IPA Meaning
ˈ Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)

Notes

  1. a aa i E u Plosives and affricates that are voiced in Eastern Armenian /b d dz dʒ ɡ/ are voiceless aspirated /pʰ tʰ tsʰ tʃaaʰ kʰ/ in Western Armenian. Note also, that “aIn some publications, the voiceless plosives [of Eastern Armenian] are also defined as ejectives or glottalised. Glottalised plosives occur in various Armenian dialects and can also be found in the Eastern Armenian vernacular based on the Yerevan dialect, but according to normative grammars, SMEA [Standard Modern Eastern Armenian] shows no glottalised voiceless plosives.” Jasmine Dum-Tragut. Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian. London Oriental and African Language Library, 2007, issn 1382-3485; p. 17
  2. a aa i E u oo Not used in Western Armenian.
  3. a aa i E u Plosives and affricates that are tenuis /p t ts tʃ k/ in Eastern Armenian and Classical Armenian are voiced /b d dz dʒ ɡ/ in Western Armenian.
  4. The two rhotics represented as ‹aռa› and ‹aրa› have merged to /ɾ/ in Western Armenian.
  5. In Classical Armenian and among modern Iranian Armenians, /ɾ/ is an alveolar approximant /ɹ/.
  6. a aa i Only at the end of the word.
  7. ‹aեa› represents [jɛ] when word-initial.
  8. a aa ‹aոa› represents [vo] when word-initial.
  9. The letters իaaւ were replaced in Reformed orthography with յaaոaaւ, thus destroying the ʏ sound in Reformend orthography.