viki

is anuchhed ko vikipeediya lekh Wiki ke is sanskaran se anuvaadit kiya gaya hai.

viki ek website hai jo viki software ka upayog karke kisi bhi sankhya mein aapas mein jude web pannon ke nirmaan aur sanpaadan ko sambhav banti hai, braaujr ke bheetar ek saraleekrut maarkaap bhaasha ya ek WYSIWYG paath sampaadak ka upayog karte hue.[1][2] vikiyon ka upayog aksar sahayogi vebasaaitein banaane ke liye, samudaaya websiton ko gati pradaan karne ke liye aur tippaniyon ke liye kiya jaata hai. sahayogi vishvakosh vikipeediya viki ke sabse achhe gyaat udaaharanon mein se ek hai.[2] vikiyon ka upayog vyaapaar mein intraanet aur gyaan prabandhan pranaali pradaan karne ke liye kiya jaata hai. ward kaningham, pratham viki software,vikivikiveb ke nirmaata, shuroo mein iska varnan is prakaar kiya tha, "saralatam online detaabes jo sanbhavat: kaam kare."[3]


"viki"([9]) ek havaaiyan shabd hai jiska arth "tej" hai. [4] "viki" ka vistaar is prakaar kiya ja sakta hai "vaut I no is", lekin yeh baikaronim hai.[5]

anukram

itihaas

honolooloo antararaashtreeya havaai adde par viki viki shatal.

vikivikiveb pehli site thi jise viki kaha gaya.[6] ward kaningham ne 1994 mein vikivikiveb ka vikaas karna shuroo kiya aur 25 March 1995 ko ise Internet domen c2.com par sthaapit kiya. iska naamakaran kaningham dvaara kiya gaya tha, jinhein honolooloo antarraashtreeya havaai adde ke ek kaauntar karmachaari ki smruti ho I jisne unase "viki viki " shatal bas lene ke liye kaha tha jo havaai adde ke terminalon ke beech chalti hai. kaningham ke anusaar, "mainne viki viki ko 'jaldi' ke ek parivrtak sthaanaapann ke roop mein chuna, at: is cheej ke naam ko jaldi-web rakhane se parahej kiya."[7][8]


kaningham kuchh had tak eppal ke haaiparakaard se bhi prerit the. eppal ne ek pranaali ka dijaain kiya tha jo upayogakartaaon ko aabhaasi "kaardon ke dher" banaane ki anumati pradaan karta tha, yeh vibhinn kaardon ke beech sampark ka samarthan karta tha. kaningham ne vaanevar bush ke vichaar ko upayogakartaaon dvaara ek doosare ke paathon "par tipnni karne aur unako parivrtit karne" ki anumati pradaan karke kiya.[2][9] 2000 ki shuruaat mein, vikij ko udyam mein teji se sahayogi software ke roop mein apnaaya jaane laga. saamaanya upayogon mein shaamil the pariyojana sanchaar, intraanet aur pralekhan, shuroo mein takaneeki prayoktaaon ke liye. aaj kuchh companiyaan viki ka upayog apne ekamaatr sahayogi software aur sthaitik intraanet ke sthaanaapann ke roop mein karti hain aur kuchh school tatha vishvavidyaalaya viki ka prayog saamoohik adhigm ko badhaava dene hetu karte hain. saarvajanik Internet ke bajaay viki ki upayogita faayaravaul ke peechhe adhik ho sakti hai.


15 March 2007 ko, viki ne online Oxford angreji shabdakosh mein pravesh kiya.[10]


abhilkshan

ward kaningham aur sah lekhak bo leuf ne apni kitaab di viki ve: kvik koleboreshan on di web mein viki avadhaarana ke saar ka varnan is prakaar kiya hai:

  • viki upayogakartaaon ko viki web site ke bheetar kisi bhi prushth ko sanpaadit karne ya naya prushth banaane ke liye aamantrit karta hai, keval ek saade-vanila web braaujr ka upayog karte hue bina kisi atirikt Ed-on ke.
  • viki prushth kadi nirmaan ko aasaan banaakar aur yeh darsha kar ki ek ichhit lakshya prushth maujood hai ya naheen, saarthak vishay sangathanon ko badhaava deta hai.
  • viki aakasmik aagantukon ke liye saavadhaaneepoorvak taiyaar ki gayi saait naheen hai. balki, yeh aagantukon ko rachana aur sahayog ki satat chalne waali prakriya, jo web site paridrushya ko lagaataar parivrtit karti rahati hai, mein shaamil karne ka prayaas hai.


viki ek web braaujr ka upayog karte hue saral maarkaap bhaasha mein dastaavejon ke sahayogi lekhan ko saksham banaata hai. viki website mein ek prushth ko "viki prushth" kaha jaata hai, jabki prushthon ke poore sangrah ko, jo ki saamaanyat: haaiparalink dvaara aapas mein achhi tarah jude hote hain, "viki" kaha jaata hai. viki moolat: jaankaari pradaan karne, braauj karne aur khojane ka ek daataabes hai.


prushthon ka saralata poorvak nirmaan aur adyatan viki takaneek ki paribhaashya vishishtata hai. saamaanyataya, sanshodhanon ko sveekaarane se pehle koi sameeksha naheen hoti hai. kai vikij mein aam janta apne upayogakarta khaaton ko rajistar karavaae bina bhi parivartan kar sakti hai. kabhi kabhi mein ek satr logain ka sujhaav diya jaata hai, sanpaadan par svat: hastaakshar hetu ek "viki hastaakshar" kuki ke nirmaan ke liye. haalaaainki, kai sanpaadan vaastavik samay mein kiye ja sakte hain aur lagbhag tunrat online dikhaai dene lagte hain. yeh pranaali ke durupayog ko badhaava de sakta hai. niji viki sarvaron mein prushthon ko sanpaadit aur kabhi kabhaar padhane ke liye bhi pramaaneekaran ki aavashyakta hoti hai.


viki prushthon ka sanpaadan

vikij mein upayogakarta kai tareekon se saamagri ko sanpaadit kar sakte hain. saamaanyat:, viki prushthon ki sanrachana aur svaroopan ek saral maarkaap bhaasha mein nirdisht hoti hai, jise kabhi kabhaar "vikitekst " kehte hain. udaaharan ke liye, ek pankti ko ek taarak ("*") ke saath shuroo karne ka prayog usako aksar ek buleted soochi mein darj karne ke liye hota hai. vikitekst ki shaili aur vaakyavinyaas bahut bhinn hote hain, inmein se kuchh HTML tags ki anumati bhi dete hain. is drushtikon ko rakhane ka kaaran yeh hai ki echateeemael, iske kai goodh taigon ke saath bahut suvaachya naheen hai isliye ise sanpaadit karna mushkil hota hai. isliye viki saral paathya sanpaadan ko tavajjo dete hain jahaaain HTML ki tulana mein shaili aur sanrachana ke liye kam aur aasaan niyam hote hain. haalaanki viki ke HTML aur kaaskeding shaili patrakon(seeesaes) ka seemit abhigm upayogakartaaon dvaara viki saamagri ke dhaanche aur svaroop mein parivartan karne ki aajaadi ko bhi seemit kar deta hai, iske kuchh faayde bhi hain. seeesaes tak seemit abhigm iske avlokan mein samaanata pradaan karta hai aur jaavaaskript ko aksham karke upayogakarta ko code, jo ki anya upayogakartaaon ke abhigm ko seemit kar sakta hai, laagoo karne se roka ja sakta hai.


meediyaaviki vaakyavinyaas samatulya HTML aautaput
March kharagosh ne bahut jor dekar Alice se kaha, "kuchh aur [[chai]] le lo".

"mainne abhi tak kuchh naheen kiya hai," ailis ne aahat svar mein uttar diya: "isliye main aur naheen le sakti."

"tumhaara matlab hai tum "kam" naheen le sakti ho," haitar ne kaha: "kuchh naheen se jyaada lena aasaan hai."

March kharagosh ne bahut jor dekar Alice se kaha, "kuchh aur <a href="/wiki/chai " title="chai ">chai </a> le lo".



"mainne abhi tak kuchh naheen kiya hai," ailis ne aahat svar mein uttar diya: "isliye main aur naheen le sakti." </ p>

"tumhaara matlab hai tum kam naheen le sakti ho," haitar ne kaha: "kuchh naheen se jyaada lena aasaan hai."


March kharagosh ne bahut jor dekar Alice se kaha, "kuchh aur chai le lo"."mainne abhi tak kuchh naheen khaaya hai," ailis ne aahat svar mein uttar diya: "isliye main aur naheen le sakti.""tumhaara matlab hai tum kam naheen le sakti ho," haitar ne kaha: "kuchh naheen se jyaada lena aasaan hai."

(luis Carol ki elises edaveinchars in vandaralaind se udghrut)


adhikaadhik, vikij "WWYSIWYG" ("vaut you si is vaut you gate") sanpaadan ko upayogakartaaon ke liye upalabdh kara rahe hain, aamtaur par jaavaaskript ya ek ektiv ex niyantran ke maadhyam se jo "bold" aur "iteliks" jaise graafikli pravisht svaroopan nirdeshon ko unke anukool HTML taig ya vikitekst mein anuvaadit kar dete hain. inmein, prushth ke naveen sanpaadit, maarkd-ap sanskaran ka maarkaap utpann hota hai aur paaradarshi tareeke se sarvar ko prastut kar diya jaata hai, upayogakarta in takaneeki vistaaron se bacha rahata hai. haalaanki, WYSIWYG niyantran vikitekst mein upalabdh sabhi suvidhaaon ko hamesha pradaan naheen karte hain.


adhikaansh viki prushthon mein kiye gaye parivrtanon ka record rakhate hain; praay: prushth ke sabhi sanskaran sangraheet hote hain. iska matlab hai ki lekhak prushth ke puraane sanskaran par ja sakte hain, yadi yeh aavashyak ho jaaye kyonki koi galati kar di gayi hai athva prushth se chhedchhaad ki gayi hai. kai kaaryaanvayan (udaaharan ke liye media viki) upayogakartaaon ko prushth sanpaadit karte samay "sanpaadan saaraansh" ki aapoorti karne ki anumati pradaan karte hain. yeh parivrtanon ke saaraansh ka ek laghu paath hota hai (aamtaur par ek pankti).yeh lekh mein naheen daala jaata hai, balki ye sanshodhan ke saath sangruheet hota hai, upayogakartaaon ko yeh samajhaane ka mauka deta hai ki kya aur kyon kiya gaya hai; yeh ek laug sandesh ke samaan hai jab ek sanshodhan niyantran pranaali mein parivartan kiya jaata hai.

nevigeshan (parichaalan)

aamtaur par adhikaansh prushthon ke bheetar anya prushthon par jaane ke liye badi sankhya mein haaiparatekst link hote hain. sanrachit/aupachaarik nevigeshan yojanaaon ki tulana mein nevigeshan ka yeh gair-raikhik prakaar viki ke liye jyaada "sthaaneeya" hai. upayogakarta padaanukramit vargeekaran ya apni ichhaanusaar sangathan ke kisi bhi prakaar ke prushth saamagri ke index ya taalikaaeain bana sakte hain. inko haath se banaae rakhana chunauteepoorn ho sakta hai, kyonki kai lekhak tadarth tareeke se prushthon ko banaate aur nasht karte rahate hain. aise index prushthon ke rakharakhaav hetu aam taur par vikij prushthon ko vargeekrut aur taig karne ke liye ek ya adhik tareeke pradaan karte hain.


adhikaansh vikij mein bekalink visheshata hoti hai, jo pradeept prushth se jude sabhi prushthon ko darshaata hai.


un prushthon ka nirmaan jo abhi astitv mein naheen hain, viki ki ek visheshata hai. iske dvaara viki nae vishyon par doosaron ko apne vichaar prakat karne ke liye aamantrit karta hai.


prushthon ko banaana aur jodna

kadiyaaain ek vishisht vaakyavinyaas ke upayog dvaara banaayeen jaati hain, tathaakathit "link paitarn" (yeh bhi dekhein: CURIE).shuruaat mein adhikaansh vikij prushthon ke naamakaran aur kadiyaaain banaane ke liye CamelCase ka upayog karte the. inko kisi vaakya mein shabdon ko bade aksharon mein likhkar aur unke beech ke rikt sthaanon ko hataakar banaaya jaata hai (shabd "CamelCase" khud hi ek udaaharan hai). jahaaain ek or kaamelkaase liking ko bahut aasaan banaata hai, yeh un links mein bhi sahaayata karta hai jo aise roop mein likhe gaye hai jo maanak vartani se vyutpann hua hai. CamelCase aadhaarit vikij tunrat hi pahachaani jaati hain kyonki unamein "BeginnerQuestions" aur "TableOfContents " jaise naamon waali kai kadiyaaain hoti hain. viki mein dikhaai dene vaale shabdon ko sundar banaane ke liye unke beech rikt sthaanon ko pun: daal dena sambhav hai aur sanbhavat: chhote shabdon mein bhi likha ja sakta hai. haalaanki, paathan ko behtar banaane ke liye kadi ka yeh pun:parishkaran, CamelCase utkraman ke kaaran hone waali bade shabdon ki jaankaari ke nuksaan dvaara seemit ho jaata hai. udaaharan ke liye, "RichardWagner" ko "Richard Wagner" ke roop mein dikhna chaahiye, jabki "PopularMusic" ko "popular music" ke roop mein dikhna chaahiye. yeh pata lagaane ka koi aasaan tareeka naheen hai ki kin bade shabdon ko bada hi rahana chaahiye. parinaamasvaroop, kai vikij mein ab koshthak ka upayog karne waali "mukt kadiyaaain" hain aur kuchh mein to pehle se hi CamelCase nishkriya hota hai.

samudaaya

upayogakarta samudaaya

adhikaansh viki samudaaya niji hote hain, vishesh roop se udyamon ke bheetar.unka upayog aksar aantarik pranaaliyon aur anuprayogon ke liye aatanrik pralekhan ke roop mein hota hai.


vikinods viki par maujood vah prushth hain jo sambandhit vikiyon ka varnan karte hain. ve aamtaur par padosiyon aur pratinidhiyon ke roop mein vyavasthit rahate hain. ek padosi viki vah viki hai jo samaan saamagri par charcha kar sakti hai ya anya kisi prakaar se dilchasp ho sakti hai. ek pratinidhi viki vah viki hai jo kuchh saamagriyon ko swayam ko saunpe jaane ke liye sahamat hoti hai.


ek vishisht vishay par ek viki ko khojane ka ek tareeka yeh hai ki viki se viki tak viki-nod network ka anusaran kiya jaaye; doosra tareeka hai ek viki "bas yaatra" karna, udaaharan ke liye: Wikipedia's Tour Bus Stop "viki" yukt domen naamon ki lokapriyta mein vruddhi ho rahi hai, vishisht cheejon ke samarth hetu.


jo swayam ka viki banaane ke ichhuk hon, saarvajanik rup se upalabdh "viki firm" maujood hain, inmein se kuchh niji aur paasavard dvaara sanrakshit viki bhi bana sakte hain. PBwiki, Socialtext, Wetpaint aur Wikia aisi sevaaon ke lokapriya udaaharan hain. adhik jaankaari ke liye, viki faarmon ki soochi dekhein. dhyaan dein ki mukt viki faarmon par aamtaur par har prushth par vigyaapan shaamil hote hain.


world wide web mein vikiyon ke beech angreji bhaasha ke vikipeediya ke paas upayogakartaaon ki sabse badi sankhya hai[11] aur sabhi websiton ke beech yaataayaat ke aadhaar sheersh 10 mein iska sthaan hai.[12] anya bade vikij mein shaamil hain vikivikiveb, memori alfa, viki treval, world 66 aur Susning.nu ek sveedish bhaasha ke gyaan ka aadhaar.


shodh samudaaya

vikij shodh ke ek sakriya vishay rahe hain. do prasiddh viki sammelan hain

  • vikij par antarraashtreeya sangoshthi (WikiSym), viki shodh aur abhyaas ko samarpit ek sammalen
  • vikimaaniya, vikipeediya jaisi vikimeediya foundation pariyojanaaon ke shodh aur abhyaas ko samarpit ek sammalen.


iske alaava kai chhote shaikshik samudaaya hain jo viki software ya uske prakaaron ka upayog karte hain. vikidaut ki 'daarshanik anveshan' behtar gyaat mein se ek hai.[13]


London times ke uchch shaikshanik samaachaar patra ke April 2009 ke ek lekh mein, daarshanik Martin kohen ne bhavishyavaani ki ki yeh 'bautam-ap' model vikipeediya aur siteejendiym jaise mahattvakaanshi "sampoorn gyaan ke pustakaalayon" ko samay ke saath pachhaad dega.[13]


yeh bhi dekhein

  • viki software ki tulana
  • saamagri prabandhan pranaali
  • viki ki soochi
  • vyaapak roop se vitrit sahayog.
  • sanrachit viki
  • saarvabhaumik sanpaadan batan
  • adhigm sansaadhanon ki soochi - paathyakram, anudesh video, slaaid, paathya pustakon, paheliyaaain aadi, vikipeediya aur anya vikij se sambandhit.


sandarbh

  1. [3] ^ viki, N. Oxford angreji shabdakosh (draft pravishti, March 2007) sadasyata bhugataan aavashyak
  2. a aa i "wiki". britainika vishvakosh 1. (2007). London: britainika vishvakosh, Inc. abhigman tithi: 2008-04-10
  3. Cunningham, Ward (2002-06-27). "What is a Wiki". WikiWikiWeb. http://www.wiki.org/wiki.cgi?WhatIsWiki. abhigman tithi: 2008-04-10.
  4. "Hawaiian Words; Hawaiian to English". http://www.mauimapp.com/moolelo/hwnwdshw.htm. abhigman tithi: 2008-09-19.
  5. "The wiki principle". http://www.economist.com/surveys/displaystory.cfm?story_id=6794228. abhigman tithi: 2008-08-11.
  6. (Ebersbach 2008, p. 10)
  7. Cunningham, Ward (2003-11-01). "Correspondence on the Etymology of Wiki". WikiWikiWeb. http://c2.com/doc/etymology.html. abhigman tithi: 2007-03-09.
  8. Cunningham, Ward (2008-02-25). "Wiki History". WikiWikiWeb. http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?WikiHistory. abhigman tithi: 2007-03-09.
  9. Cunningham, Ward (2007-07-26). "Wiki Wiki Hyper Card". WikiWikiWeb. http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?WikiWikiHyperCard. abhigman tithi: 2007-03-09.
  10. Diamond, Graeme (2007-03-01). "March 2007 new words, OED". Oxford University Press. http://dictionary.oed.com/news/newwords.html. abhigman tithi: 2007-03-16.
  11. "WikiStats by S23". S23Wiki. 2008-04-03. http://s23.org/wikistats/largest_html.php?sort=users_desc&th=8000&lines=500. abhigman tithi: 2007-04-07.
  12. "Alexa Web Search – Top 500". Alexa Internet. http://www.alexa.com/site/ds/top_sites?ts_mode=global&lang=none. abhigman tithi: 2008-04-15.
  13. a aa [45] ^ 'faunt of all vijdam aur naut? Martin kohen dvaara, times uchch shiksha 9 April 2009, abhigm 13 April 2009 http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?sectioncode=26&storycode=406100&c=1 par


atirikt paathan


baahari sambandh

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This is an audio file which was created from an article revision dated 2007-03-14, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help)
ye ek aavaaj-lekh hai, jo is lekh ka 2007-03-14 dinaank ko bana aavaaj pratiroop hai . ise aap sun sakte hain .


  • vikij ait haaustafvarks.
  • vikivikiveb, pratham viki
  • Wikipatterns.com paitarn aur gair paitarn ka ek toolboks aur viki ko apnaane ke pramukh charanon ki ek guide jo pratyek charan par laagoo hone vaale paitarn ka anveshan karti hai.
  • eksaploring vid viki ward kaningham ke saath ek saakshaatkaar, bill vaarnars dvaara.
  • vikimetriks vebasaait for kampeyaring vikij.