vigyaan

PrirodneNauke.png

vigyaan vah vyavasthit gyaan ya vidya hai jo vichaar, avlokan, adhyayan aur prayog se milti hai, jo ki kisi adhyayan ke vishay ki prakruti ya siddhaanton ko jaanane ke liye kiye jaate hain. vigyaan shabd ka prayog gyaan ki aisi shaakha ke liye bhi karte hain, jo tathya, siddhaant aur tareekon ko prayog aur parikalpana se sthaapit aur vyavasthit karti hai. is prakaar kah sakte hain ki kisi bhi vishay ka kramabaddh gyaan ko vigyaan kah sakte hai. aisa kaha jaata hai ki vigyaan ke 'gyaan-bhandaar' ke bajaay vaigyaanik vidhi vigyaan ki asli kasauti hai.

anukram

praakrutik vigyaan

praakrutik vigyaan prakruti aur bhautik duniya ka vyavasthit gyaan hota hai, ya fir iska adhyayan karne waali iski koi shaakha. asal mein vigyaan shabd ka upayog lagbhag hamesha praakrutik vijnyaaanon ke liye hi kiya jaata hai. iski teen mukhya shaakhaaeain hain : bhautiki, rasaayan shaastr aur jeev vigyaan.

saamaajik vigyaan

saamaajik vigyaan maanav samaaj ki banaavat aur iske sadasyon ke kriyaakalaapon se sambandhit adhyayan hai. ismein itihaas, arthashaastr, samaajashaastr, vagairah shaamil hain.

nigmanaatmak pranaali

nigmanaatmak pranaali kuchh aisi vidyaaon ka samooh hai jo darshan aur vigyaan ke vishyon par tark aur ganana ke siddhaant ka anuprayog karte hain. ismein ganit aur tark shaamil hain.

praay: saamaajik vigyaan aur nigmanaatmak pranaaliyon ko vigyaan naheen maana jaata.

vigyaan ki pramukh shaakhaaeain evam adhyayan–vishya

shaakha adhyayan ka vishay
antariksh vigyaan antariksh yaatra evam sambandhit vishay
matsyavijnyaaan machhaliyaan evam sambandhit vishay
asthi vigyaan (aastiyolauji) athiyon (haddiyon) ka adhyayan
paksheevijnyaaan (aarnintholauji) pakshiyon se sambandhit vishay
prakaashiki (optiks) prakaash ka gun evam usaki sanrachana
paristhitivijnyaaan (ikolauji) paristhitiki ka adhyayan
ikkraainolauji gupt soochanaaen evam sambandhit vishay
shareer-rachana vigyaan (enaataumi) maanav-shareer ki sanrachana
eyaronautiks vimaanon ki udaan
khagoliki (estronaumi) taaron evam grahon se sambandhit vishay tatha aakaasheeya pindon ka adhyayan
egrolauji bhoomi (mit‌aati) ka adhyayan
keetavijnyaaan (entomolauji) keet evam sambandhit vishay
ereknolauji makade evam sambandhit vishay
bhroonavijnyaaan (embraayolauji) bhran evam sambandhit vishay
samudra vigyaan samudra se sambandhit vishay
brahmaandavidya bramhaand ka adhyayan
beej-lekhan gupt lekhan athva goodh lipi
stri-rog vigyaan maadaaon ke prajanan angon ka adhyayan
bhoovijnyaaan pruthvi ki aantariksh sanrachana
ratn vigyaan ratnon ka adhyayan
viroopataavijnyaaan (teraatolauji) t‌aayoomar ka adhyayan
taiktolauji pashu – shareer ka rachanaatmak sanghatan
tvachaavijnyaaan (darmetolauji) tvacha evam sambandhit rogon ka adhyayan
dendrolauji vrukshon ka adhyayan
dektaailauji ankon (sankhyaao) ka adhyayan
tantrikaavijnyaaan (nyoorolauji) naadi spandan evam sambandhit vishay
mudraavijnyaaan (nyoomismetiks) mudra – nirmaan evam ankan
rogavijnyaaan (paitholauji) rogon ke kaaran evam sambandhit vishay
jeevaashimki (pailiontolauji) jeevaashm evam sambandhit vishay
parajeeveevijnyaaan (pairaasaaitolauji) parajeevi vanaspatiyaan evam jeevaanu
faayanolauji jeev-jantuon ka jaateeya vikaas
braayofaaita-vigyaan (braayolauji) daladal evam keechad ka adhyayan
bailaniyolauji khanij nishkaasan evam sambandhit vishay
jeevavijnyaaan (baayalauji) jeevadhaariyon ka shaareerik adhyayan
vanaspati vigyaan paudhon ka adhyayan
jeevaanu-vigyaan (baikteeriyolauji) jeevaanuon se sambandhit vishay
maarafolauji jeev evam bhautik jagat‌ ki aakaariki ka adhyayan
khanijvijnyaaan (mineraalauji) khanijon ka adhyayan
mausam vigyaan (meterolauji) vaataavaran evam sambandhit vishay
maaikrolauji fafoond evam sambandhit vishay
maayolauji maans-peshiyon ka adhyayan
vikirnajaiviki (rediyobaayolauji) jeev-jantuon par saur vikirn ka prabhaav
shail lakshan (litholauji) chattaanon evam pattharo se sambandhit vishay
limnolauji jheelon evam sthaleeya jal bhaagon ka adhyayan
seeramavijnyaaan (seerolauji) rakt seeram evam rakt aadhaan se sambandhit
spalaiknolauji shareer ke aantarik ang evam sambandhit
antariksh jeevavijnyaaan (space baayaloji) pruthvi se pare antariksh mein jeevan ki sambhaavana ka adhyayan
rudhirvijnyaaan (heemetolauji) rakt evam sambandhit vishyon ka adhyayan
heliyolauji soorya ka adhyayan
ubhayasrupavijnyaaan (harapetolauji) sareesrupon ka adhyayan
ootakavijnyaaan (histolauji) shareer ke ootak evam sambandhit vishay
hipnolauji nidra evam sambandhit vishyon ka adhyayan

vigyaan vigyaan ka arth hai vishesh gyaan. manushya ne apni aavashyakataaon ke liye jo nae-nae aavishkaar kiye hain, ve sab vigyaan ki hi den hain. aaj ka yug vigyaan ka yug hai. vigyaan ke anginat aavishkaaron ke kaaran manushya ka jeevan pehle se adhik aaraamadaayak ho gaya hai.

mobile, Internet, imels, mobile par 3ji aur Internet ke maadhyam se Facebook, tvintar ne to vaakai manushya ki jindagi ko badalkar hi rakh diya hai. jitni jaldi vah soch sakta hai lagbhag utani hi der mein jis vyakti ko chaahe maisej bhej sakta hai, usase baatein kar sakta hai. chaahe vah duniya ke kisi bhi kone mein kyon na ho.

yaataayaat ke saadhanon se aaj yaatra karna adhik suvidhaajanak ho gaya hai. aaj maheenon ki yaatra dinon mein tatha dinon ki yaatra chand ghanton mein poori ho jaati hai. itne drutagati ki trainein, havaai jahaaj yaataayaat ke roop mein kaam mein laae ja rahe hain. din-b-din inki gati aur upalabdhata mein aur sudhaar ho raha hai.

chikitsa ke kshetr mein bhi vigyaan ne hamaare liye bahut suvidhaaen jutaai hain. aaj kai asaadhya beemaariyon ka ilaaj maamooli goliyon se ho jaata hai. Cancer aur edsas jaise beemaariyon ke liye dauktars aur chikitsaavisheshajnya lagaataar prayaasarat hain. nai-nai koshikaaon ke nirmaan mein bhi safalta praapt kar li gayi hai.

sikke ke do pahaluon ki hi bhaanti in aavishkaaron ke laabh-haani donon hain. ek or parmaanu oorja jahaan bijli utpann karne ke kaam mein laai ja sakti hai. vaheen isse banane vaale parmaanu hathiyaar maanav ke liye atyant vinaashakaari hain. haal hi mein Japan mein aae bhookamp ke baad vahaan ke parmaanu riyektars ko kshati bahut badi traasadi rahi.

at: manushya ko apni aavashyakta aur suvidhaanusaar maanavata ki bhalaai ke liye inka laabh uthaana chaahiye na ki durupayog kar inke avishkaaron par prashnachihn lagaana chaahiye.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

luaa truti package.lua mein pankti 80 par: module 'Module:Portal/images/other' not found.