vidhaayak

vidhaanasabha ka sadasya (sankshep mein emaelae) ya vidhaanamandal ka sadasya (sankshep mein ML) vah pratinidhi hai jise kisi nirvaachan kshetr ke matadaataaon dvaara ek up-raashtreeya adhikaar kshetr ke vidhaanamandal (lejislechar) ya vidhaanasabha (lejisletiv eseinbali) ke liye chuna jaata hai.

anukram

Australia

new south vels, Victoria, pashchimi Australia, uttari kshetr aur Australiaee rajdhani ki vidhaan sabha ke sadasya emaelae ke naam se jaane jaate hain. haalaanki MP (saansad) shabd ka bhi aamtaur par istemaal kiya jaata hai. kveensalaind mein bhi ek vidhaanasabha hai lekin 2000 ke baad se yahaan ke sadasya MP ke naam se naheen jaane jaate hain.[1]

dakshin Australia aur tasmaaniya mein ek vidhaanasabha sadan (house of esembali) hai jiske sadasya emaechae ke naam se jaane jaate hain.

sangheeya sansad mein pratinidhi sabha (house of riprejeintetivs) ke sadasya emaechaaar ke naam se jaane jaate hain haalaanki inke liye MP padanaam ka bhi prayog kiya jaata hai.

braajeel

Brazil mein sabhi 26 vidhaanasabhaaon (purtagaali : Assembléaias Legislativas) ke sadasyon ko depyutaados estaaduaai (angreji: statewide deputies) kaha jaata hai. sangheeya jila vidhaan sabha ko vaastav mein lejisletiv chamber (purtagaali : Câamara Legislativa) kaha jaata hai aur yeh depyutaados distritaais (angreji: district deputies) se nirmit hoti hai. dvisdaneeya sangheeya vidhaayi nikaaya ke vipreet Brazil ki raajya vidhaayikaayein ekasadaneeya hain. nichle sadan ke sadasyon ko depyuteej bhi kaha jaata hai lekin ve vaastav mein depyutaados federaai hote hain (angreji: federal deputies).

Canada

Canada mein nimn ke alaava sabhi kshetron aur praanton ki vidhaanasabha ke sadasyon ko emaelae kaha jaata hai:

  • ontaariyo, jahaan 1938 se unako praanteeya sansad ka sadasya (membars of provinshiyl parliament - emapeepi) kaha jaata hai,
  • kyoobek, jahaan 1968 se unako raashtreeya sabha ka sadasya (membars of national esembali - emaenae) kaha jaata hai aur
  • nyoofaaundalaind aur lebraadaar, jahaan unako vidhaanasabha ka sadasya (membars of house of esembali - emaechae) kaha jaata hai.

british Columbia, elbarta, saasakeshvaan, maineetoba, new bransavik, nova skotiya (house of esembali hone ke baavajood), prince Edward aailaind tatha teen kshetron (yukon, enadablyooti tatha noonaavut) ki vidhaan sabha ke sadasyon ko emaelae kaha jaata hai.

haang kaang

haang kaang vidhaan parishad ke sadasyon ko legako kaaunsilr kaha jaata hai.

Bhaarat

vidhaan sabha ka sadasya (emaelae) vah pratinidhi hai jise bhaarateeya sarkaari pranaali ke tahat ek nirvaachan jile ke matadaataaon dvaara kisi raajya ke vidhaanamandal ke liye chuna jaata hai.

uttari Ireland

uttari Ireland ki vidhaayika, uttari Ireland ke barkhaast vidhaan mandal ke sadasyon ko emaelae (membars of di lejisletiv eseinbali - vidhaan sabha ke sadasya) ke naam se jaana jaata hai.

vidhaanasabha ko 14 October 2002 ko nilambit kar diya gaya tha lekin 2003 ke vidhaan sabha chunaavon mein chune gaye vyaktiyon ko uttari Ireland act 2006[2] ke tahat, uttari Ireland ki barkhaast sarkaar ki bahaali ki shuruaat ke taur par first ministar tatha depyuti first ministar evam kaaryapaalika ke sadasyon ka chayan karne ke liye (25 November 2006 se pehle) 15 May 2006 ko ek saath bulaaya gaya. 7 March 2007 ko fir se chunaav karavaaya gaya aur May 2007 mein vidhaan sabha ko apni poorn shaktiyon ke saath bahaal kar diya gaya.

sanyukt raajya America

sanyukt raajya America mein lejisletar (vidhaayak) shabd ka prayog desh ke 50 raajyon mein se kisi bhi raajya ki vidhaayika ke sadasyon ke liye kiya jaata hai.

aupachaarik naam ek raajya se doosare raajya mein badalta rahata hai. 24 raajyon mein lejislechar (vidhaan mandal) ko keval lejislechar hi kaha jaata hai jabki 19 raajyon mein ise general esembali kaha jaata hai. maisaachusets aur new haimpashaayar mein lejislechar ko general court kaha jaata hai, jabki uttari dakota aur oregan mein ise lejisletiv eseinbali kaha jaata hai.

jaise ki United states house of riprejeintetivs ke sadasya, kaaaingresamen ya riprejeintetivs ke taur par sandarbhit kiye jaane ke baavajood aadhikaarik taur par member of kaaaingres (sankshep mein MC) hote hain, raajyon ke lejislechar ke nichle sadan ke sadasya, saamaanya taur par riprejeintetivs ya eseinbaleemen ke taur par sandarbhit kiye jaane ke baavajood member of lejislechar (ML), member of state lejislechar (MSL), member of di general eseinbali (emajeee), member of di general court (emajeesi) ya member of di lejisletiv eseinbali (emaelae) hote hain.

vidhaayakon ke uchit sheershak par aur adhik bhram ki sthiti, patrakaaron ke liye associated press ke dishaanirdeshon ka upayog karne ke kaaran utpann hoti hai; sangheeya samakakshon ke saath bhram se bachane ke liye in dishaanirdeshon mein vidhaayakon ko state riprejeintetivs ya state senator kaha jaata hai.

vels

vels ki raashtreeya vidhaanasabha, vels ki barkhaast vidhaanasabha ke sadasyon ko eem ya elod yaai sinooliaad (AC) ke naam se jaana jaata hai.[3]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. raashtramandal sansadeeya sangh ka prastaav (kyooeladi branch), 19 October 2000. srot: kveensalaind sansadeeya pustakaalaya, 15 November 2005.
  2. naurtharn Ireland act 2006 (si.17)
  3. di national esembali for vels, naagrik adhikaar - vels mein, salaah guide, naagrik salaah bureau . 13 July 2006 ko praapt kiya gaya.