vidhaan parishad

Bhaarat
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yeh lekh yeh shreni ke sambandh mein hai:

Bhaarat ki raajaneeti


Bhaarat sarkaar

samvidhaan

vidhaayika

kaaryapaalika

nyaayapaalika

sthaaneeya

bhaarateeya chunaav


anya desh • praveshadvaar:raajaneeti
praveshadvaar:Bhaarat sarkaar
dekhein samvaad

vidhaan parishad kuchh bhaarateeya raajyon mein lokatantr ki oopari pratinidhi sabha hai. iske sadasya apratyaksh chunaav ke dvaara chune jaate hain. kuchh sadasya raajyapaal ke dvaara manonit kiye jaate hain. vidhaan parishad vidhaanamandal ka ang hai. Andhra pradesh, Bihar, Jammu-Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, telangaana aur uttar pradesh ke roop mein, (untees mein se) saat raajyon mein vidhaan parishad hai. iske alaava, Rajasthan aur asam ko Bhaarat ki sansad ne apne swayam ke vidhaan parishad banaane ki manjoori de di hai.

anukram

vyavastha

gathan

samvidhaan ke anuchhed 169,171(1) evam 171(2) mein vidhaan parishad ke gathan ka praavadhaan hai. iski prakriya nimn prakaar hai:

  1. vidhaanasabha mein upasthit sadasyon ke do tihaai bahumat se paarit prastaav ko sangheeya sansad ke paas bheja jaata hai.
  2. tatpashchaat anuchhed 171(2) ke anusaar Loksabha evam Rajyasabha saadhaaran bahumat se prastaav paarit karti hai.
  3. raashtrapati ke hastaakshar hetu is prastaav ko unke paas preshit(bhejana) kar diya jaata hai.
  4. raashtrapati ke hastaakshar hote hi vidhaan parishad ke gathan ki manjoori mil jaati hai.[1]

sadasya kaaryakaal

iske sadasyon ka kaaryakaal chhah varshon ka hota hai lekin pratyek do saal par ek tihaai sadasya hat jaate hain. ek raajya ke vidhaan sabha (nimn sadan) ke saath iske vipreet, vidhaan parishad (uchch sadan) mein ek sthaayi nikaaya hai aur bhang naheen kiya ja sakta hai, [2] vidhaan parishad ka pratyek sadasya (emaelasi) 6 saal ki avadhi ke liye kaarya karta hai. ek parishad ke sadasyon mein se ek tihaai ki sadasyata har do saal mein samaapt ho jaati hai. yeh vyavastha raajya sabha, ke saamaan hai.

sanrachana

raajya ki vidhaan parishad ka aakaar raajya ki vidhaan sabha mein sthit sadasyon ki kul sankhya ke ek tihaai se adhik naheen aur kisi bhi kaaranon se 40 sadasya se kam naheen ho sakta (Jammu aur Kashmir ke vidhaan parishad ko chhodkar). Jammu aur Kashmir ke samvidhaan ke anuchhed 50 dvaara 36 sadasyon ki vyavastha ki gayi hai.

nirvaachan

  • parishad ke lagbhag ek tihaai sadasya vidhaan sabha ke sadasyon dvaara aise vyaktiyon mein se chune jaate hain jo iske sadasya naheen hain.
  • ek tihaai (1/3) nirvaachika dvaara, jismein nagarapaalikaaon ke sadasya, jila bordon aur raajya mein anya praadhikranon ke sadasyon sammalit hain, dvaara chune jaate hain.
  • ek bata baarah (1/12) ka chunaav nirvaachika dvaara aise vyaktiyon dvaara kiya jaata hai jinhonne kam se kam teen varshon tak raajya ke bheetar shaikshik sansthaaon (maadhyamik vidyaalayon se neeche naheen) mein adhyapan mein lage rahe hon.
  • anya ek bata baarah (1/12) ka chunaav panjeekrut snaatakon dvaara kiya jaata hai jo teen varsh se adhik samay pehle padhaai samaapt kar liye hai.
  • shesh sadasya raajyapaal dvaara saahitya, vigyaan, kala, sahayog aandolan aur saamaajik seva mein utkrusht kaarya karne vaale vyaktiyon mein se niyukt kiye jaate hain.[3]

yogyataaen

emaelasi banane hetu yogyataaen:

  1. Bhaarat ka naagrik hona chaahiye.
  2. kam se kam 30 saal ki aayu honi chaahiye.
  3. maanasik roop se asamarth, va divaaliya naheen hona chaahiye.
  4. iske atirikt us kshetr (jahaaain se vah chunaav lad raha ho) ki matadaata soochi mein usaka naam bhi hona aavashyak hai.
  5. samaan samay mein vah sansad ka sadasya naheen hona chaahiye.

prastaavit vidhaan parishad

2010 mein Tamil Nadu ki vidhaanasabha ne 1986 mein band ki ja chuki vidhaan parishad ko fir se shuroo karne ke liye ek prastaav paarit kiya gaya. vidheyak mein 78 seaton ka praavadhaan kiya gaya.[1] [4]

28 November 2013 ko asam mein vidhaan parishad se jude prastaav ko manjoori de di gayi. tatkaaleen pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh ki adhyakshata mein hui baithak mein keindreeya mantrimandal ne asam mein vidhaan parishad ki sthaapana ko manjoori di. asam mein aajaadi ke baad oopari sadan ko khatm kar diya gaya tha . prastaav ke mutaabik asam mein 42 sadasyeeya vidhaan parishad hogi.[5]

Orissa raajya Karnataka aur Maharashtra mein ek adhyayan ke aayojan ke baad ek vidhaan parishad ki sthaapana karne ki taiyaari kar raha hai.[6]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh