vidha

vidha (angreji: jeenar / genre) ka saadhaaran arth prakaar, kism, varg ya shreni hai. yeh shabd vividh prakaar ki rachanaaon ko varg ya shreni mein baantane se us vidha ke gunadharmo ko samajhne mein suvidha hoti hai. yeh vaise hi hai jaise jeevavijnyaaan mein jeevon ka vargeekaran kiya jaata hai. saahitya evam bhaashan mein vidha shabd ka prayog ek vargakaarak (CATEGORIZER) ke roop mein kiya jaata hai. kintu saamaanya roop se yeh kisi bhi kala ke liye prayukt kiya ja sakta hai. vidhaaon ki upavidhaaeain bhi hoti hain. udaaharan ke liye ham kehte hain ki nibndh, gadya ki ek vidha hai..

vidhaaeain aspasht (vague) shreneeyaaain hain aur inki koi nishchit seema-rekha naheen hoti. ye samay ke saath kuchh maanyataaon ke aadhaar par inakii pehchaan nirmit ho jaati hai.

anukram

saahitya ki vidhaaeain

sanskrut saahitya ke aachaaryon ne samooche saahitya ko drushya kaavya aur shravya kaavya - in do bhaagon mein vibhaajit kiya hai.

(1) drushya kaavya mein naatak (roopak aur uparoopak) hain.

(2) shravyakaavya mein padya (kavita ya kaavya) aur gadya ye pramukh do saahitya ke bhed hain.

drushyakaavya ka chakshuon (aaainkhon) dvaara tatha shravyakaavya ka shravaneindiraya (kaanon) dvaara rasaasvaadan kiya jaata hai. sanskrut saahitya ke samaan hi hindi saahitya mein bhi naatak (anekaanki ekaanki, rediyoroopak aadi) tatha padya (mahaakaavya, khandakaavya, muktak, tukaant, atukaant aadi) aur gadya ki anek vidhaayein : laghukatha, kahaani, upanyaas, vyangya, yaatr vruttaant, nibndh, sansmaran, rekhaachitr, riportaaj, daayari, gadyakaavya aalochna tatha sameeksha aadi hain. in sabhi vidhaaon mein srujanaatmak tatha vichaaraatmak saahitya deerghakaal se nirantar vidvaanon dvaara likha ja raha hai.

pramukh saahityik vidhaaeain hain-

lalit kala ki vidhaaeain

chalachitr ki vidhaaen

  • vaistarn

computer khel ki vidhaaeain

  • kriya (aikshan)
  • simuleshan
  • rananeeti (streteji)
  • saahasik yaatra (aidaveinchar)

patrakaarita ki vidhaaeain

inhein bhi dekhein

  • vaistarn (shaili)

baahari kadiyaaain