vembanaad jheel

vembaanad jheel
वेम्बानद झील - A traditional kettuvallam idling in the lake
A traditional kettuvallam idling in the lake
nirdeshaank 9°a35′aN 76°a25′aE / 9.583°aN 76.417°aE / 9.583; 76.417Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 9°a35′aN 76°a25′aE / 9.583°aN 76.417°aE / 9.583; 76.417
mukhya antarvaah Achenkovil, Manimala, Meenachil, Muvattupuzha, Pamba, Periyar
mukhya bahirvaah several canals
apavahan droni desh India
adhiktam lambaai 96 km
adhiktam chaudaai 14 km
satah kshetr 1512 km²
satah ki ooainchaai 0 m
tateeya basere Alleppy, Cochin, Cherthala

kottaayam mein naharon aur nadiyon ki vistrut shrrunkhala hai jo vembaanad jheel mein aakar milti hain aur uske jal ka vistaar karti hain. vembaanad jheel ek aakarshak piknik sthal bhi hai. yeh jheel bekavaatar paryatan ke roop mein teji se viksit ho raha hai. yahaan boting, fishing aur saaitaseeing ke anubhavon ka aanand liya ja sakta hai. vembanaad jheel kerala ka kai jilla mein alag alag naam se jaana jaata hai. is jheel ka lambaai 96 kilo meter hai or iska chaudaai 14 kilo meter hai. iska gaharaai 12 meter hai. yeh jheel kuttanaad mein punnamad jheel bula ke log pahachaanate hain. or kochchi mein yeh jheel kochchi jheel ke naam se jaana jaata hai. port of kochchi do dweep ke aas paas mein hai-villindan dweep or vallaarapaadan dweep. sabse bada or prasiddh nehru trofi nauka daud is jheel par praband hoti hai. bahut ooainchaai pradooshan hamein veinbanaad

jheel ke kuchh jagah par dikhaai deta hai. isliye Bhaarat sarkaar ne is jheel ko 'raashtreeya jalabhoomi sanrakshan yojana' ke neeche leke aaya hai.

Kerala mein sthiti


bhoomishaastr or jal vigyaan

vembanaad jalabhoomi ka kshetrafal 2033.02 kilo meter hai iski vajah se Bhaarat ka sabse bada jalabhoomi hai. is jalabhoomi ko ghere hue hai aalaapuja, ernaakulam, kottayam jille. yeh samudra ki sthar par hai or arab saagar se ek saikadon se jaladveep se bada hua hai. vibhinn nahare is jheel ko uttar evam daksheen jodati hai. yeh jheel paatiraamanal, perunbalan or pallipuram jal dveepon ko ghere hue hai. pichhle kuchh varshon mein apne saudanrya ke kaaran vash salaaniyon ko aakarshit karti hai. sabse prasiddh sthaan kumarakan paryaatak gaaainv hai, jo ki jheel ke uttari tad par sthit hai.'kumarakan pakshi abhayaaranya' kumarakan gaaainv ke uttar disha mein sthit hai. raamasaar samiti ke anusaar is jamabhoomi ko andaaraashtreeya mahatva ka pramaan diya gaya hai. yeh pramaan jheel ki sanrakshan keliye pradaan kiya gaya hai. pichhle kuchh saalon mein jheel ko jalasthar nirantar kam hota ja raha hai. yeh 1917 mein 290.85 chaturastr kilo meter tha. par 1990 tak ghadakar 227 chaturastr kilo meter hi rah gaya hai. jal sthar mein kabhi vibhinn pariyojanaaon ke chalte I hai. in mein se pramukh hai kochchin bandar gaah par sthit villindan jaladveep ka vistaar karne keliye. vikaas ki in pariyojanaavon ke kaaran jalabhoomi ka kshetrafal bahut kam ho gaya hai. is jalabhoomi mein 1252 meter lamba namakeen paani ka taneer baaaindh hai. yeh baaaindh kuttanaad pariyojana kaarya ke antarankat banaaya gaya tha. iska prayog dharaaon ko rokane or namak ke paani ko kuttanaad ke neechale bhaagon mein ghusne se rokane keliye kiya jaata hai. yeh apni tarah ka Bhaarat mein sabse bada keechad ko niyantran karanevaala pariyojana kaarya hai. iski madad se kuttanaad ke kisaanon ko kheti mein sahaayata hui hai. yeh pariyojana kaarya jheel ko do bhaagon mein vibhjit karta hai. ek bhaag mein taaja paani rahata hai or bhaag mein namakeen paani rahata hai. is vibhaajan ke kaaran kaii jalajeev saal bhar taajein paani ko rakh karte hain. jiske kaaran machhuaaron ko sahaayata milti hai. is tarah yeh vembanaad jheel keliye ek aasheervaad ka samaan hai. vembanad jalabhoomi uttar se dakshin disha mein 196 kimi se adhik aur poorab pashchim dishaaon mein 29 kilometer tak faila hai jo jvaaranadamukh, laigoon aur naharon ki ek jatil network ka gathan kiya hai. in kshetron mein lagbhag sabhi gaanvon mein jal parivhan ke maadhyam se pahuaincha ja sakta hai. sanrakshan aur jheelon ke satat upayog ke liye raamasar kanveinshan dvaara paribhaashit vembanad jalbhoomi, antararaashtreeya mahatva ke jheelon ki soochi mein shaamil kiya gaya tha. jheel bistar se gole ke aniyantrit khanan vembanad ke paaristhitiki tantr ke liye khatra hai.

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