vedavyaas

vedavyaas
लेखक एक पात्र के रूप में, ऋषि वेदव्यास (जयसंहिता)
lekhak ek paatr ke roop mein, rishi vedavyaas (jayasanhita)
hindu pauraanik kathaaon ke paatr
naam: vedavyaas
anya naam: krushnadvaipaayan, baadanaaraayan
sanskrut vartani: krushnadvaipaayan
sandarbh granth: mahaabhaarat, shreemadbhagavadgeeta, puraan
uttpati sthal: yamuna tat, hastinaapur
maata aur pita: satyavati aur paraashar
putr: shukadev

rishi vedavyaas mahaabhaarat granth ke rachayita the. vedavyaas mahaabhaarat ke rachayita hi naheen, balki un ghatnaaon ke saakshi bhi rahe hain, jo kramaanusaar ghatit hui hain. apne aashram se hastinaapur ki samast gatividhiyon ki soochana un tak to pahunchati thi. ve un ghatnaaon par apna paraamarsh bhi dete the. jab-jab antardvandv aur sankat ki sthiti aati thi, maata satyavati unase vichaar-vimarsh ke liye kabhi aashram pahunchati, to kabhi hastinaapur ke Rajbhavan mein aamantrit karti thi. pratyek dvaapar yug mein vishnu vyaas ke roop mein avatarit hokar vedon ke vibhaag prastut karte hain. pehle dvaapar mein swayam brahma vedavyaas hue, doosare mein prajaapati, teesare dvaapar mein shukraachaarya, chauthe mein bruhaspati vedavyaas hue. isi prakaar soorya, mrutyu, indr, dhanajanya, Krishna dvaipaayan ashvatthaama aadi atthaais vedavyaas hue. is prakaar atthaais baar vedon ka vibhaajan kiya gaya. unhone hi atthaarah puraanon ki bhi rachana ki, aisa maana jaata hai. vedavyaas yeh vyaas muni tatha paaraashar ityaadi naamon se bhi jaane jaate hai. vah paraashar muni ke putr the, at: vyaas 'paaraashar' naam se bhi jaane jaate hai.

maharshi vedavyaas ko Bhagwan ka hi roop maana jaata hai, in shlokon se yeh siddh hota hai.

namoऽstu te vyaas vishaalabuddhe fullaaravindaayatapatranetr.

yen tvaya bhaaratatailapoorn: prajjvaalito jnyaaanamayapradeep:..

arthaat - jinhonne mahaabhaarat roopi gyaan ke deep ko prajvalit kiya aise vishaal buddhi vaale maharshi vedavyaas ko mera namaskaar hai.

vyaasaaya vishnuroopaaya vyaasaroopaaya vishnave.

namo vai brahmanidhye vaasishthaaya namo nam:..

arthaat - vyaas vishnu ke roop hai tatha vishnu hi vyaas hai aise vasishth-muni ke vanshaj ka main naman karta hooain. (vasishth ke putr the 'shakti'; shakti ke putr paraashar, aur paraashar ke putr paaraashar (tatha vyaas) )

anukram

vedavyaas ke janm ki katha

pauraanik kathaaon ke anusaar praacheen kaal mein sudhanva naam ke ek raaja the. ve ek din aakhet ke liye van gaye. unke jaane ke baad hi unki patni rajasvala ho gayi. usane is samaachaar ko apni shikaari pakshi ke maadhyam se raaja ke paas bhijvaaya. samaachaar paakar mahaaraaj sudhanva ne ek done mein apna veerya nikaal kar pakshi ko de diya. pakshi us done ko raaja ki patni ke paas pahuainchaane aakaash mein ud chala. maarg mein us shikaari pakshi ko ek doosari shikaari pakshi mil gaya. donon pakshiyon mein yuddh hone laga. yuddh ke dauraan vah dona pakshi ke panje se chhoot kar yamuna mein ja gira. yamuna mein brahma ke shaap se machhali bani ek apsara rahati thi. machhali roopi apsara done mein bahate huye veerya ko nigl gayi tatha uske prabhaav se vah garbhavati ho gayi. garbh poorn hone par ek nishaad ne us machhali ko apne jaal mein fainsa liya. nishaad ne jab machhali ko cheera to uske pet se ek baalak tatha ek baalika nikli. nishaad un shishuon ko lekar mahaaraaj sudhanva ke paas gaya. mahaaraaj sudhanva ke putr na hone ke kaaran unhonne baalak ko apne paas rakh liya jiska naam matsyaraaj hua. baalika nishaad ke paas hi rah gayi aur usaka naam matsyagandha rakha gaya kyonki uske angon se machhali ki gandh niklati thi. us kanya ko satyavati ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. badi hone par vah naav khene ka kaarya karne lagi ek baar paraashar muni ko usaki naav par baith kar yamuna paar karna pada. paraashar muni satyavati roop-saundarya par aasakt ho gaye aur bole, "devi! main tumhaare saath sahavaas karna chaahata hooain." satyavati ne kaha, "munivr! aap brahmajnyaaani hain aur main nishaad kanya. hamaara sahavaas sambhav naheen hai." tab paraashar muni bole, "baalike! tum chinta mat karo. prasooti hone par bhi tum kumaari hi rahogi." itna kah kar unhonne apne yogabal se chaaron or ghane kuhare ka jaal rach diya aur satyavati ke saath bhog kiya. tatpashchaat use aasheervaad dete huye kaha, tumhaare shareer se jo machhali ki gandh niklati hai vah sugandh mein parivrtit ho jaayegi."

maharshi vedavyaas apni maata ke saath

samay aane par satyavati garbh se ved vedaangon mein paarangat ek putr hua. janm hote hi vah baalak bada ho gaya aur apni maata se bola, "maata! too jab kabhi bhi viptti mein mujhe smaran karegi, main upasthit ho jaauainga." itna kah kar ve tapasya karne ke liye dvaipaayan dweep chale gaye. dvaipaayan dweep mein tapasya karne tatha unke shareer ka rang kaala hone ke kaaran unhe Krishna dvaipaayan kaha jaane laga. aage chal kar vedon ka bhaashya karne ke kaaran ve vedavyaas ke naam se vikhyaat huye.

ved vyaas ke vidvaan shishya

ved vyaas ka yogadaan

hindu dharm shaastron ke anusaar maharshi vyaas trikaalajnya the tatha unhonne divya drushti se dekh kar jaan liya ki kaliyug mein dharm ksheen ho jaayega. dharm ke ksheen hone ke kaaran manushya naastik, kartavyaheen aur alpaayu ho jaaveinge. ek vishaal ved ka saangopaang adhyayan unke saamarth se baahar ho jaayega. iseeliye maharshi vyaas ne ved ka chaar bhaagon mein vibhaajan kar diya jisse ki kam buddhi evam kam smaranashakti rakhane vaale bhi vedon ka adhyayan kar sakein. vyaas ji ne unka naam rakha - rigved, yajurved, saamaved aur atharvaved. vedon ka vibhaajan karne ke kaaran hi vyaas ji ved vyaas ke naam se vikhyaat huye. rigved, yajurved, saamaved aur atharvaved ko kramash: apne shishya pail, jaimin, vaishampaayan aur sumantumuni ko padhaaya. ved mein nihit gyaan ke atyant goodh tatha shushk hone ke kaaran ved vyaas ne paaainchave ved ke roop mein puraanon ki rachana ki jinmein ved ke gyaan ko rochak kathaaon ke roop mein bataaya gaya hai. puraanon ko unhonne apne shishya rom harshan ko padhaaya. vyaas ji ke shishyonne apni apni buddhi ke anusaar un vedon ki anek shaakhaaeain aur up shaakhaaeain bana Dean. vyaas ji ne mahaabhaarat ki rachana ki.

ganesh mahaabhaarat likhte hue.
vyaas ji ganesh sein mahaabhaarat likhvaate hue, ankoravaat mandir.

pauraanik-mahaakaavya yug ki mahaan vibhooti, mahaabhaarat, atthaarah puraan, shreemadbhaagavat, brahmasootr, meemaansa jaise adviteeya saahitya-darshan ke praneta vedavyaas ka janm aashaadh poornima ko lagbhag 3000 E. poorv mein hua tha. vedaant darshan, advaitavaad ke sansthaapak vedavyaas rishi paraashar ke putr the. patni aaruni se utpann inke putr the mahaan baal yogi shukadev. shreemadbhaagavat geeta vishv ke sabse bade mahaakaavya 'mahaabhaarat' ka hi ansh hai. raamanagar ke kile mein aur vyaas nagar mein vedavyaas ka mandir hai jahau maagh mein pratyek somvaar mela lagta hai. guru poornima ka prasiddh parv vyaas ji ki jayanti ke upalakshya mein manaaya jaata hai.

puraanon tatha mahaabhaarat ke rachayita maharshi ka mandir vyaasapuri mein vidyamaan hai jo kaashi se paaainch meal ki doori par sthit hai. mahaaraaj kaashi naresh ke raamanagar durg mein bhi pashchim bhaag mein vyaaseshvar ki moorti viraajamaan hai jise saadhaaran janta chhota vedavyaas ke naam se jaanti hai. vaastav mein vedavyaas ki yeh sab se praacheen moorti hai. vyaasaji dvaara kaashi ko shaap dene ke kaaran vishveshvar ne vyaasaji ko kaashi se nishkaasit kar diya tha. tab vyaasaji lolaark mandir ke aagneya kon mein gangaaji ke poorvi tat par sthit hue.

is ghatna ka ullekh kaashi khand mein is prakaar hai-

lolaarkaadan agnidigbhaage, svarghuni poorvarodhasi. sthito hyadyyaapi pashchets: kaasheepraasaad raajikaam.. skand puraan, kaashi khand 96/201

vyaasaji ne puraanon tatha mahaabhaarat ki rachana karne ke pashchaat brahmasootron ki rachana bhi yahaaain ki thi. vaalmeeki ki hi tarah vyaas bhi sanskrut kaviyon ke liye upajeevya hain. mahaabhaarat mein upaakhyaanon ka anusaran kar anek sanskrut kaviyon ne kaavya, naatak aadi ki srushti ki hai. mahaabhaarat ke sambandh mein swayam vyaasaji ki hi ukti adhik sateek hai- is granth mein jo kuchh hai, vah anyatr hai, panratu jo ismein naheen hai, vah anyatr kaheen bhi naheen hai.

yamuna ke kisi dweep mein inka janm hua tha. vyaasaji Krishna dvaipaayan kahalaaye kyonki unka rang shyaam tha. ve paida hote hi maaain ki aajnyaa se tapasya karne chale gaye the aur kah gaye the ki jab bhi tum smaran karogi, main aa jaaoonga. ve dhrutaraashtr, paandu tatha vidur ke janmadaata hi naheen, apitu viptti ke samay ve chhaaya ki tarah paandavon ka saath bhi dete the. unhonne teen varshon ke athak parishram se mahaabhaarat granth ki rachana ki thi-

tribhirvarshe: sadotthaayi krushnadvaipaayanomuni:. mahaabhaaratamaakhyaanan krutavaadi mudatamam.. aadiprv - (56/52)

jab inhonne dharm ka hraas hote dekha to inhonne ved ka vyaas arthaat vibhaag kar diya aur vedavyaas kahalaaye. vedon ka vibhaag kar unhonne apne shishya sumantu, jaimini, pail aur vaishampaayan tatha putr shukadev ko unka adhyayan karaaya tatha mahaabhaarat ka upadesh diya. aapki is alaukik pratibha ke kaaran aapko Bhagwan ka avataar maana jaata hai.

sanskrut saahitya mein vaalmeeki ke baad vyaas hi sarvashreshth kavi hue hain. inke likhe kaavya 'aarsh kaavya' ke naam se vikhyaat hain. vyaas ji ka uddeshya mahaabhaarat likh kar yuddh ka varnan karna naheen, balki is bhautik jeevan ki ni:saarata ko dikhaana hai. unka kathan hai ki bhale hi koi purush vedaang tatha upanishdon ko jaan le, lekin vah kabhi vichkshan naheen ho sakta kyonki yeh mahaabhaarat ek hi saath arthashaastr, dharmashaastr tatha kaamashaastr hai.

1. yo vidhyaachchaturo vedaan saaङagopanishdo dvij:. na chaakhyaatamidan vidyyaanaiv s syaadichkshan:.. 2. arthashaastramidan proktan dharmashaastramidan mahat. kaamaashaastramidan proktan vyaasena mitu buddhina.. maha. aadi a. 2: 28-83

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