vat saavitri

vat saavitri
वट सावित्री
vat saavitri vrat
aadhikaarik naam vat saavitri vrat
anuyaayi hindu, bhaarateeya, bhaarateeya pravaasi
tithi jyeshth maas ki trayodashi se amaavasya tak

vat saavitri vrat saubhaagya ko dene wala aur santaan ki praapti mein sahaayata dene wala vrat maana gaya hai. bhaarateeya sanskruti mein yeh vrat aadarsh naareetv ka prateek ban chuka hai. is vrat ki tithi ko lekar bhinn mat hain. skand puraan tatha bhavishyottar puraan ke anusaar jyeshth maas ke shukl paksh ki poornima ko yeh vrat karne ka vidhaan hai, vaheen nirnayaamrut aadi ke anusaar jyeshth maas ki amaavasya ko vrat karne ki baat kahi gayi hai.

anukram

uddeshya

tithiyon mein bhinnata hote hue bhi vrat ka uddeshya ek hi hai : saubhaagya ki vruddhi aur pativrat ke sanskaaron ko aatmasaat karna. kai vrat visheshagya yeh vrat jyeshth maas ki trayodashi se amaavasya tak teen dinon tak karne mein bharosa rakhate hain. isi tarah shukl paksh ki trayodashi se poornima tak bhi yeh vrat kiya jaata hai. vishnu upaasak is vrat ko poornima ko karna jyaada hitkar maanate hain.

vat saavitri vrat mein 'vat' aur 'saavitri' donon ka vishisht mahatva maana gaya hai. peepal ki tarah vat ya bargad ke ped ka bhi vishesh mahatva hai. paaraashar muni ke anusaar- 'vat moole topavaasa' aisa kaha gaya hai. puraanon mein yeh spasht kiya gaya hai ki vat mein brahma, vishnu va mahesh teenon ka vaas hai. iske neeche baithakar poojan, vrat katha aadi sunane se manokaamana poori hoti hai. vat vruksh apni vishaalata ke liye bhi prasiddh hai. sambhav hai vanagaman mein jyeshth maas ki tapati dhoop se raksha ke liye bhi vat ke neeche pooja ki jaati rahi ho aur baad mein yeh dhaarmik parampara ke roopamein viksit ho gayi ho.

darshanik drushti

daarshanik drushti se dekhein to vat vruksh deerghaayu va amaratv-bodh ke prateek ke naate bhi sveekaar kiya jaata hai. vat vruksh gyaan va nirvaan ka bhi prateek hai. Bhagwan buddh ko isi vruksh ke neeche gyaan praapt hua tha. isliye vat vruksh ko pati ki deerghaayu ke liye poojana is vrat ka ang bana. mahilaaeain vrat-poojan kar katha karm ke saath-saath vat vruksh ke aaspaas soot ke dhaage parikrama ke dauraan lapetati hain.

katha

vat vruksh ka poojan aur saavitri-satyavaan ki katha ka smaran karne ke vidhaan ke kaaran hi yeh vrat vat saavitri ke naam se prasiddh hua. saavitri bhaarateeya sanskruti mein aitihaasik charitra maana jaata hai. saavitri ka arth ved maata gaayatri aur sarasvati bhi hota hai. saavitri ka janm bhi vishisht paristhitiyon mein hua tha. kehte hain ki bhadr desh ke raaja ashvapati ke koi santaan na thi.

unhonne santaan ki praapti ke liye mantrochchaaran ke saath pratidin ek lakh aahutiyaaain Dean. athaarah varshon tak yeh kram jaari raha. iske baad saavitreedevi ne prakat hokar var diya ki 'raajan tujhe ek tejasvi kanya paida hogi.' saavitreedevi ki krupa se janm lene ki vajah se kanya ka naam saavitri rakha gaya.

kanya badi hokar behad roopavaan thi. yogya var na milne ki vajah se saavitri ke pita du:khi the. unhonne kanya ko swayam var talaashane bheja. saavitri tapovan mein bhatakne lagi. vahaaain saalv desh ke raaja dyumatsen rahate the kyonki unka raajya kisi ne chheen liya tha. unke putr satyavaan ko dekhkar saavitri ne pati ke roop mein unka varan kiya.

kehte hain ki saalv desh poorvi Rajasthan ya alavar anchal ke ird-gird tha. satyavaan alpaayu the. ve ved jnyaaata the. naarad muni ne saavitri se milkar satyavaan se vivaah na karne ki salaah di thi parantu saavitri ne satyavaan se hi vivaah rachaaya. pati ki mrutyu ki tithi mein jab kuchh hi din shesh rah gaye tab saavitri ne ghor tapasya ki thi, jiska fal unhein baad mein mila tha.

uddeshya

puraan, vrat va saahitya mein saavitri ki avismaraneeya saadhana ki gayi hai. saubhaaya ke liye kiya jaane vaale vat-saavitri vrat aadarsh naareetv ke prateek ke naate sveekaar kiya gaya hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh