varaahaavataar

vaaraah
भगवान वाराह हिरण्याक्ष का वध करते हुए, चम्बा सन् 1740
Bhagwan vaaraah hirnyaaksh ka vadh karte hue, chamba san 1740
devanaagari vaaraah (Pig)
kannad ಹaaಂaaದaaಿ
sahabaddhata swayam Bhagwan
aavaas vaikunth
mantra Om varaahaaya nam:, Om dhrutasookararoopakeshavaaya nam:.
shastr sudarshan chakr
patni vaaraahi
paathya Bhagwat puraan, vishnu puraan, vaaraah puraan
varaah avataar, alavar mein praapt ek miniyechar kalaakruti

vaaraahaavataar Bhagwan shri hari ka ek avataar hai. jab jab dharati paapi logon se kasht paati hai tab tab Bhagwan vividh roop dhaaran kar iske du:kh door karte hain.

anukram

hirnyaaksh ka janm

ek baar mareechi nandan kashyap ji ne Bhagwan ko prasann karne ke liye kheer ki aahuti diya aur unki aaraadhana samaapt karke sandhya kaal ke samay agnishaala mein dhyaanasth hokar baithe gaye. usi samay daksh prajaapati ki putri diti (yeh kashyap ki patni tatha raakshason ki maata hai.) kaamaatur hokar putr praapti ki laalasa se kashyap ji ke nikat gayi. diti ne kashyap ji se meethe vachanon se apne saath raman karne ke liye praarthana kiya. is par kashyap ji ne kaha, "he priye! main tumhein tumhaari ichhaanusaar tejasvi putr avashya dooainga. kintu tumhein ek prahar ke liye prateeksha karni hogi. sandhya kaal mein sooryaast ke pashchaat bhootanaath Bhagwan shankar apne bhoot, pret tatha yakshon ko lekar bail par chadh kar vichrate hain. is samay tumhein kaamakreeda mein rat dekh kar ve aprasann ho jaaveinge. at: yeh samay santaanotpatti ke liye uchit naheen hai. saara sansaar meri ninda karega. yeh samay to sandhyaavandan aur bhagavat poojan aadi ke liye hi hai. is samay jo pishaachon jaisa aacharan karte hain ve narakagaami hote hain."

pati ke is prakaar samajhaane par bhi use kuchh bhi samajh mein na aaya aur us kaamaatur diti ne nirlajj bhaav se kashyap ji ke vastr pakad liye. is par kashyap ji ne daiv ichha ko prabal samajh kar daiv ko namaskaar kiya aur diti ki ichha poorn ki aur uske baad shuddh jal se snaan kar ke sanaatan brahm roop gaayatri ka jap karne lage. diti ne garbh dhaaran kar ke kashyap ji se praarthana ki, "he aaryaputr! Bhagwan bhootanaath mere aparaadh ko kshama karein aur mera yeh garbh nasht na karein. unka svabhaav bada ugr hai. kintu ve apne bhakton ki sada raksha karte hain. ve mere bahanoi hain main unhein namaskaar karti hooain."

kashyap jab sandhyaavandan aadi se nivrut huye to unhonne apni patni ko apni santaan ke hit ke liye praarthana karte huye aur thar thar kaaainpati hui dekha to ve bole, "he diti! tumane meri baat naheen maani. tumhaara chitt kaam vaasana mein lipt tha. tumane asamaya mein bhog kiya hai. tumhaare kokh se maha bhayankar amangalakaari do adham putr utpann honge. sampoorn lokon ke nirparaadh praaniyon ko apne atyaachaaron se kasht deinge. dharm ka naash kareinge. saadhoo aur striyon ko sataayeinge. unke paapon ka ghada bhar jaane par Bhagwan kupit ho kar unka vadh kareinge."

diti ne kaha, "he bhagavan! meri bhi yahi ichha hai ki mere putron ka vadh Bhagwan ke haath se hi ho. braahman ke shaap se na ho kyonki braahman ke shaap ke dvaara praani narak mein jaakar janm dhaaran karta hai." tab kashyap ji bole, "he devi! tumhein apne karm ka ati pashchaataap hai is liye tumhaara naati Bhagwan ka bahut bada bhakt hoga aur tumhaare yash ko ujval karega. vah baalak saadhujanon ki seva karega aur kaal ko jeet kar Bhagwan ka paarshad banega."

kashyap ji ke mukh se bhagavadbhakt pautr ke utpann hone ki baat sun kar diti ko ati prasannata hui aur apne putron ka vadh saakshaat Bhagwan se sun kar us ka saara khed samaapt ho gaya.

uske do putr hirnyaaksh tatha hirnyakashyapu ka janm hua aur vidhi ke vidhaanon ke hisaab se ye dushtata ki raah par chal pade. ye tatha inke vansh raakshas kahalaae parantu prabhu ki ichha se inke kul mein prahalaad aur bali jaise mahaapurushon ka janm bhi hua.

jaya aur vijay ko shaap

ek baar sanak, sanandan, sanaatan aur sanatkumaar (ye chaaron sanakaadi rishi kahalaate hain aur devataaon ke poorvaj maane jaate hain) sampoorn lokon se virkt hokar chitt ki shaanti ke liye Bhagwan vishnu ke darshan karne hetu unke baikunth lok mein gaye. baikunth ke dwaar par jaya aur vijay naam ke do dvaarapaal pahara diya karte the. jaya aur vijay ne in sanakaadik rishiyon ko dwaar par hi rok liya aur baikunth lok ke bheetar jaane se mana karne lage.

unke is prakaar mana karne par sanakaadik rishiyon ne kaha, "are moorkhon! ham to Bhagwan vishnu ke param bhakt hain. hamaari gati kaheen bhi naheen rukati hai. ham devaadhidev ke darshan karna chaahate hain. tum hamein unke darshanon se kyon rokate ho? tum log to Bhagwan ki seva mein rahate ho, tumhein to unheen ke samaan samadarshi hona chaahiye. Bhagwan ka svabhaav param shaantimya hai, tumhaara svabhaav bhi vaisa hi hona chaahiye. hamein Bhagwan vishnu ke darshan ke liye jaane do." rishiyon ke is prakaar kehne par bhi jaya aur vijay unhein baikunth ke andar jaane se rokane lage. jaya aur vijay ke is prakaar rokane par sanakaadik rishiyon ne kruddh hokar kaha, "Bhagwan vishnu ke sameep rahane ke baad bhi tum logon mein ahankaar aa gaya hai aur ahankaari ka vaas baikunth mein naheen ho sakta. isaliye ham tumhein shaap dete hain ki tum log paapayoni mein jaao aur apne paap ka fal bhugato." unke is prakaar shaap dene par jaya aur vijay bhayabheet hokar unke charanon mein gir pade aur kshama maaaingane lage.

yeh jaan kar ki sanakaadik rishign bheint karne aaye hain Bhagwan vishnu swayam lakshmi ji evam apne samast paarshadon ke saath unke svaagat ke liya padhaare. Bhagwan vishnu ne unase kaha, "he muneeshvaron! ye jaya aur vijay naam ke mere paarshad hain. in donon ne ahankaar buddhi ko dhaaran kar aapka apamaan karke aparaadh kiya hai. aap log mere priya bhakt hain aur inhonne aapki avajnyaa karke meri bhi avajnyaa ki hai. inko shaap dekar aapne uttam kaarya kiya hai. in anucharon ne brahmanon ka tirskaar kiya hai aur use main apna hi tirskaar maanata hooain. main in paarshadon ki or se kshama yaachana karta hooain. sevakon ka aparaadh hone par bhi sansaar svaami ka hi aparaadh maanata hai. at: main aap logon ki prasannata ki bhiksha chaahata hooain."

Bhagwan ke in madhur vachanon se sanakaadik rishiyon ka krodh tatkaal shaant ho gaya. Bhagwan ki is udaarata se ve ati anandit huye aur bole, "aap dharm ki maryaada rakhane ke liye hi braahmanon ko itna aadar dete hain. he naath! humne in nirparaadh paarshadon ko krodh ke vash mein hokar shaap de diya hai iske liye ham kshama chaahate hain. aap uchit samajhein to in dvaarapaalon ko kshama karke hamaare shaap se mukt kar sakte hain."

Bhagwan vishnu ne kaha, "he munignon! mai sarvashaktimaan hone ke baad bhi braahmanon ke vachan ko asatya naheen karna chaahata kyonki isse dharm ka ullanghan hota hai. aapne jo shaap diya hai vah meri hi prerana se hua hai. ye avashya hi is dand ke bhaagi hain. ye diti ke garbh mein jaakar daitya yoni ko praapt kareinge aur mere dvaara inka sanhaar hoga. ye mujhse shatrubhaav rakhate huye bhi mere hi dhyaan mein leen raheinge. mere dvaara inka sanhaar hone ke baad ye pun: is dhaam mein vaapas aa jaaveinge."[1]

hirnyaaksh vadh

jaya aur vijay baikunth se gir kar diti ke garbh mein aa gaye. kuchh kaal ke pashchaat diti ke garbh se do putr utpann huye jinka naam prajaapati kashyap ne hirnyakashyapu aur hirnyaaksh rakha. in donon yamal ke utpann hone ke samay teenon lokon mein anek prakaar ke bhayankar utpaat hone lage. svarg pruthvi, aakaash sabhi kaaainpane lage aur bhayankar aaaindhiyaaain chalne lageen. soorya aur chandr par ketu aur raahu baar baar baithane lage. ulkaapaat hone lage. bijliyaaain girne lageen. nadiyon tatha jalashayon ke jal sookh gaye. gaayon ke stanon se rakt bahne laga. ulloo, siyaar aadi rone lage.

apni kohani par bhoo devi ko uthaae hue jal se baahar aa rahe tatha sarp par khade vaaraah Bhagwan ka shilaachitr, Delhi sangrahaalaya mein.

donon daitya janmate hi aakaash tak badh gaye. unka shareer faulaad ke samaan parvataakaar ho gaya. ve svarn ke kavach, kundal, karddhani, baajooband aadi pahane huye the. hirnyakashyapu ne tap karke brahma ji ko prasann kar liya. brahma ji se usane varadaan le liya ki usaki mrutyu na din mein ho na raat mein, na ghar ke bheetar ho na baahar. is tarah se abhaya ho kar aur teenon lokon par vijay praapt kar ke vah ek chhatr raajya karne laga. usaka chhota bhaai hirnyaaksh usaki aajnyaa ka palan karte huye shatruon ka naash karne laga. ek din ghoomate ghoomate vah varun ki puri mein ja pahuaincha. paataal lok mein pahuainch kar hirnyaaksh ne varun Dave se yuddh ki yaachana karte huye kaha, "he varun Dave! aapne jagat ke sampoorn daityon tatha daanavon par vijay praapt kiya hai. main aapse yuddh ki bhiksha maaaingata hooain. aap mujhse yuddh karke apne yuddh kaushal ka pramaan dein. us daitya ki baat sun kar varun Dave ko krodh to bahut aaya par samay ko dekhte huye unhonne hainsate huye kaha, "are bhaai! ab ladne ka chaav naheen raha hai aur tum jaise balashaali veer se ladne ke yogya ab ham rah bhi naheen gaye hain. tum ko to yajnyaapurush Narayan ke paas jaana chaahiye. ve hi tumase ladne yogya hain.

varun Dave ki baat sunakar us daitya ne devarshi naarad ke paas jaakar Narayan ka pata poochha. devarshi naarad ne use bataaya ki Narayan is samay vaaraah ka roop dhaaran kar pruthvi ko rasaatal se nikaalne ke liye gaye hain. is par hirnyaaksh rasaatal mein pahuainch gaya. vahaaain usane Bhagwan vaaraah ko apne daadh par rakh kar pruthvi ko laate huye dekha. us mahaabali daitya ne vaaraah Bhagwan se kaha, "are jangali pashu! too jal mein kahaaain se aa gaya hai? moorkh pashu! too is pruthvi ko kahaaain liye ja raha hai? ise to brahma ji ne hamein de diya hai. re adham! too mere rahate is pruthvi ko rasaatal se naheen le ja sakta. too daitya aur daanavon ka shatru hai isaliye aaj main tera vadh kar daalooainga."

udayagiri ki gufa, vidish gupt saamraajya ki praacheen rajdhani se mila shilaachitr, Bhagwan vaaraah bhoo devi ko daaainton par rakhe hue. ek pracheen shilaachitr jise patthar ko kaatkar adviteeya nakkaasheedaar murtikla se banaaya gaya tha.

hirnyaaksh ke in vachanon ko sun kar vaaraah Bhagwan ko bahur krodh aaya kintu pruthvi ko vahaaain chhod kar yuddh karna unhonne uchit naheen samjha aur unke katu vachanon ko sahan karte huye ve gajaraaj ke samaan sheegra hi jal ke baahar aa gaye. unka peechha karte huye hirnyaaksh bhi baahar aaya aur kehne laga, "re kaayar! tujhe bhaagane mein lajja naheen aati? aakar mujhse yuddh kar." pruthvi ko jal par uchit sthaan par rakhakar aur apna uchit aadhaar pradaan kar Bhagwan vaaraah daitya ki or mude aur kaha, "are gram Singh (kutte)! ham to jangali pashu hain aur tum jaise gram sinhon ko hi dhooaindhate rahate hain. ab teri mrutyu sir par naach rahi hai." unke in vyang vachanon ko sunakar hirnyaaksh un par jhapat pada. Bhagwan vaaraah aur hirnyaaksh me madhya bhayankar yuddh hua aur ant mein hirnyaaksh ka Bhagwan vaaraah ke haathon vadh ho gaya.

pashu roop mein vaaraah, khajuraaho.

Bhagwan vaaraah ke vijay praapt karte hi brahma ji sahit samast devataagan aakaash se pushp varsha kar unki stuti karne lage.[2]

Bhagwat puraan ke anusaar

brahma nein manu aur sataroopa ka nirmaan kiya aur srushti karne ki aajnyaa di. iske liye bhoomi ki aavashyakta hoti hai jise hirnyaaksh naamak daitya lekar saagar ke bheetar bhoo devi ko apna takiya bana kar soya tha tatha devataaon ke dar se vishtha ka ghera bana rakha tha.

manu sataroopa ko jal hi jal dikha jiske baare mein brahma ko bataaya tab brahma ne socha ki sabhi Dave to vishtha ke paas tak naheen jaate, ek shookar hi hai jo vishtha ke sameep ja sakta hai. Bhagwan vishnu ka dhyaan kiya aur apne naasika se vaaraah Narayan ko janm diya, pruthvi ko oopar laane ki aajnyaa di.

bhoomi devi ko liye hue Bhagwan vaaraah ka bhitti chitr.

vaaraah Bhagwan samudra mein utare aur hirnyaaksh ka sanhaar kar bhoo devi ko mukt kiya.[3]

sandarbh Bhagwat mahaapuraan pustika se.

mantr

ooain nam: shri varaahaaya dharanyuddhaaranaaya svaaha: skand puraan

srot

baahari kadiyaaain