vande maataram ka itihaas

vande maataram ka sankshipt itihaas is prakaar hai-

  • 7 navamvar 1876 Bengal ke kaantal paada gaanv mein bankim chandr chatarji ne 'vande maataram' ki rachana ki.
  • 1882 vande maataram bankim chandr chattopaadhyaaya ke prasiddh upanyaas 'aanand math' mein sammilit.
  • 1896 raveendr naath Tagore ne pehli baar 'vande maataram' ko bangaali shaili mein laya aur sangeet ke saath Calcutta ke Congress adhiveshan mein gaaya.
  • moolaroop se 'vande maataram' ke praarambhik do pad sanskrut mein the, jabki shesh geet baangla bhaasha mein.
  • vande maataram ka angreji anuvaad sabse pehle Arvind ghosh ne kiya.
  • December 1905 mein Congress kaaryakaarini ki baithak mein geet ko raashtrageet ka darja pradaan kiya gaya, bang bhang aandolan mein 'vande maataram' raashtreeya naara bana.
  • 1906 mein 'vande maataram' Dave naagari lipi mein prastut kiya gaya, Congress ke Calcutta adhiveshan mein gurudev Ravindra naath Tagore ne iska sanshodhit roop prastut kiya.
  • 1923 Congress adhiveshan mein vande maataram ke virodh mein svar uthe.
  • pan॰ Nehru, maulaana abdul kalaam ajaad, subhaash chandra Bose aur aachaarya Narendra Dave ki samiti ne 28 October 1937 ko Congress ke Calcutta adhiveshan mein pesh apni report mein is raashtrageet ke gaayan ko anivaarya baadhyata se mukt rakhate hue kaha tha ki is geet ke shuruaati do paire hi praasangik hai, is samiti ka maargadarshan raveendr naath Tagore ne kiya.
  • 14 August 1947 ki raatri mein samvidhaan sabha ki pehli baithak ka praarambh 'vande maataram' ke saath aur samaapan 'jan gan man..' ke saath...
  • 1950 'vande maataram' raashtreeya geet aur 'jan gan man' raashtreeya gaan bana.
  • 2002 bi.bi.si. ke ek sarvekshan ke anusaar 'vande maataram' vishv ka doosra sarvaadhik lokapriya geet.

vande maataram par kuchh musalmaanon dvaara aapatti

samvidhaan visheshagya A-ji- nooraani va kaveendr shukla ne 17 November 1998 ko ghoshana ki ki vande maataram‌ ke gaayan ko anivaarya banaae jaane ka aadesh hai aur use laagoo bhi kiya jaaega. tab nooraani ne frant line patrika ke January 02-15, 1999 ke ank mein ise asamvaidhaanik kadam bataaya. unhonne ise samvidhaan ke anuchhed 28 (1) evam 3 ka ullann bataaya. ye anuchhed is prakaar hain- 1 raajya kosh se sanpoornat: sandhaarit hone waali kisi bhi shaikshanik sanstha mein dhaarmik shiksha nah di jaaegi tatha

(3) raajya ke dvaara maanyata praapt ya raajakosh se sahaayata praapt kisi shikshan sanstha mein usaki ya yadi vah naabaalig hai to uske abhibhaavak dvaara sahamati ke bina koi dhaarmik shikshan nah hoga. unhonne apne lekh mein is geet ko dhaarmik maanate hu iske liye neerad si- chaudhari ki 'ek agyaat bhaarateeya ki jeevani tatha aar-si- majoomadaar ko uddhrut kiya jahaaain is geet ke rachayita mahaan desh bhakt bankimchandr ko muslim virodhi bataaya gaya hai.

unhonne aanandamath mein is geet ke yog ke M-aar-A- beg dvaara kiye gaye vileshan April-June 1969, the Indian journal of paulitikl science, -2, pru-120-122 ko uddhrut kiya jiske anusaar upanyaas mein na ki is geet ka sandarbh muslim virodhi hai balki poora upanyaas hi muslim virodhi hai.

unhonne 30 December 1908 ko akhil bhaarateeya muslim league adhiveshan ke dviteeya satr mein Sayyed Ali imaam ke adhyaksheeya ud‌aabodhan ko uddhrut kiya jismein vande maataram‌ ko ek saampradaayik aavhaan bataaya gaya tha. imaam ke mahaan shabd jo unhonne uddhrut karne laayak samajhe ve ye hain- 'kya Akbar aur aurangajeb dvaara kiya gaya yog asafal ho gaya?

sabhi bhaavanaaon aur sanvedanaaon, jarooraton aur aavashyakataaon ke prati aadar sachche bhaarateeya raashtravaad ka aadhaar hai. main bhaarateeya raashtravaad ke shilpiyon se, chaahe ve Calcutta mein hon ya poona mein, poochhata hooain ki kya ve Bhaarat ke musalmaanon se 'vande maataram‌ aur shivaaji utsav sveekaar karne ki ummeed karte hain? musalmaan har maamale mein kamjor ho sakte hain lekin apne svaranim ateet ki paranparaaon ka asvaad lene mein kamjor naheen hain.

nooraani bhaarateeya naagrik ke samvidhaan -ullikhit mool karttavya ka bhi dhyaan naheen karte prateet hote, jiske anusaar-aajaadi ke raashtreeya sangraam mein hamein prerana dene vaale 'mahaan aadasho ka anukaran karna aur unhein sanjona naagrik ka mool kartavya hai. kya svatantrata sangraam mein vande maataram‌ ke aadarsh se jyaada prerak aur kuchh raha hai?

is desh mein asankhya alpasankhyak vande maataram‌ ke prati shraddha rakhate hain. yeh unki shraddha ka apamaan hi tha jab Agra mein 10 March 2004 ko 54 musalmaanon ko jaati baahar kar diya gaya aur unki shaadiya shoonya ghoshit kar di gayi kyonki unhonne yeh kaheen diya tha ki vande maataram‌ gaana gair islaami naheen hai.

mufti abdul kudoos roomi ne fatwa jaari karte hue kaha ki raashtragaan ka gaayan unhein muslimon ko narak pahuainchaaega. bahisht logon mein loha mandi aur shaheed nagar masjidon ke mutavalli bhi the. inmein se 13 ne maafi maang li. aashcharya ki baat hai ki aparaadhik gatividhiyon mein shaamil hona, aatankvaadi kaarravaaiyon mein bhaag lena, jhooth, dhokha, hinsa, hatya, asahishnuta, sharaab, juaa, raashtra droh aur taskari jaise krutya se koi narak mein naheen jaata magar desh bhakti ka jjba paida karne vaale raashtra gaan ko gaane maatr se ek insaan narak ka adhikaari ho jaata hai.

paayoniyr ne 20 November 1998 ko paarthakya ki is maanasikta ko ujaagar kiya jab muslim vidyaarthiyon ne kaha ki ve vande maataram‌ naheen gaaege kyonki Bhaarat maata ki tasveer ke saamane haath jodkar praarthana karne se muslim, muslim nah rah jaata, kyonki yeh moorti pooja hai, kyonki yeh svatantrata sangharsh mein ''hidn hindutv laane ka taigaur aur gaindheeji ka shadyantr tha, hamaare bachche school chhod deinge lekin vande maataram‌ naheen gaaege, '' ham marne ko taiyaar hain, par vande maataram‌ sveekaar nah kar sakte.

shamsul islaam 'milli gazette mein prakaashit apne lekh 'the history end paulitiks of vande maataram‌ mein Agra ke us mufti ke samarthan mein likh kar (dekhein 1-15 May 2004) maatr yahi siddh karte hain ki unki buddhijeevita kathamullepan ko jasteefaai karne maatr ke liye hai.

vande maataram‌ ka itihaas inke shabdon mein - '' 1875 mein bangadarshan mein sabse pehle prakaashan ke baad hi vande maataram‌ ek ya doosare se ghira raha. yeh ek vichitr rachana hai jo do bhaashaaon mein likhi gayi. chaar mein se do chhand sanskrut mein aur do bangaali mein hain.

kavi naveenachan sen ne is geet ko padhne ke baad kaha ki vaise to yeh sab achha hai lekin aadhi bangaali aur aadhi sanskrut milaakar sab gud gobar kar diya hai. yeh mujhe govind adhikaari ke jaatra geeton ki yaad dilaata hai. majaak udaana bahut aasaan hai, shamsulaji majaak banaana chaahein to kisi bhi raashtrageet ka banaaya ja sakta hai.

Britain ke raashtar gaan mein raani ko har tarah se bachaane ki praarthana Bhagwan se ki gayi hai ab Britain ke naagrikon ko yeh savaal uthaana chaahiye ki ki Bhagwan raani ko hi kyo bachaae, kisi Cancer ke mareej ko kyon naheen? Bangladesh se poochha ja sakta hai ki uske raashtrageet mein yeh aam jaise fal ka visheshollekh kyon hai? saudi arab ka raashtrageet ''saare muslimon ke utkarsh ki hi kyon baat karta hai aur raashtrageet mein raaja ki chaatukaarita ki kya jaroorat hai?

Syria ke raashtrageet mein sirf 'arabavaad ki charcha kya ise resist nah banaati? Iran ke raashtrageet mein yeh imaam ka sandesh kya kar raha hai? Libya ka raashtrageet allaaho Akbar ki pukaarein lagaata hai to kya vo dhaarmik hua ya raashtreeya? Algeria ka raashtrageet kyon gan paaudar ki aavaaj ko 'hamaari laya aur masheenagan ki dhvani ko 'hamaari raagini kehta hai? America ke raashtrageet mein bhi 'hava mein footate hue bam kyon hain?

cheen ke raashtrageet mein khatre ki yeh bhaya granthi kya hai? kisi bhi desh ke raashtrageet par aisi koi bhi kaise bhi tippani ki ja sakti hai lekin ye geet sadiyon se in deshon ke karodon logon ke prerarana srot hain aur bane raheinge. unka upahaas hamaari asabhyata hai. shamsu islaam hamein yeh bhi jataane ki koshish karte hain ki vande maataram‌ geet koi bada siddh naheen tha aur yeh bhi koi raashtrageet na hokar maatr Bengal geet tha. vah yeh naheen bataate ki Canada ka raashtrageet 1880 mein pehli baar bajne ke sau saal baad raashtrageet bana. 1906 tak usaka kaheen ullekh bhi naheen hua tha. Australia ka raashtrageet 1878 mein Sydney mein pehli baar baja aur 19 April 1984 ko raashtrageet ka darja praapt hua.

vande maataram‌ geet aanandamath mein 1882 mein aaya lekin usako ek ekeekrut karne vaale geet ke roop mein dekhne se sabse pehle inkaar 1923 mein kaakeenaad Congress adhiveshan mein tatkaaleen kaangresaadhyaksh maulaana Ahmad Ali ne kiya jab unhonne hindustaani shaastreeya sangeet ke himaalaya pan॰ vishnu digmbar paluskar ko vande maataram‌ gaane ke beech mein toka. lekin pan॰ paluskar ne beech mein rukar kar is mahaan geet ka apamaan naheen hone diya, pan- paluskar poora gaana gaakar hi ruke.

savaal yeh hai ki itne vasho tak kyon vande maataram‌ gair islaami nah tha? kyon khilaafat aandolan ke adhiveshanon ki shuruaat vande maataram‌ se hoti thi aur ye Ahmad Ali, shaukat Ali, jafar Ali jaise varishth muslim neta iske sammaan mein uthakar khade hote the. beristar jinna pehle to iske sammaan mein khade na hone vaalon ko fatkaar lagaate the. rafeek jakaariya ne haal mein likhe apne nibndh mein is baat ki or ishaara kiya hai. unke anusaar muslimon dvaara vande maataram‌ ke gaayan par vivaad nirrthak hai. yeh geet svatantrata sangraam ke dauraan kaaaingres ke sabhi muslim netaaon dvaara gaaya jaata tha. jo muslim ise gaana naheen chaahate, na gaae lekin geet ke sammaan mein uthakar to khade ho jaae kyonki iska ek sangharsh ka itihaas raha hai aur yeh samvidhaan mein raashtragaan ghoshit kiya gaya hai.

Bengal ke vibhaajan ke samay hindu aur musalmaan donon hi iske poora gaate the, na ki pratham do chhandon ko. 1896 mein bhaarateeya raashtreeya kaaaingres ke adhiveshan mein iska poorn- asankshipt varshan gaya gaya tha. iske pratham stage parafaurmar aur kampojar swayam raveendranaath Tagore the.

1901 ke Congress adhiveshan mein fir ise gaaya gaya. is baar dakshanaranjan sen iske kampojar the. iske baad Congress adhiveshan vande maataram‌ se shuroo karne ki ek pratha chal padi. 7 August 1905 ko bang-bhang ka virodh karne juti bheed ke beech kisi ne kaha : vande maataram‌ aur chamatkaar ghat gaya. sahasron kanthon ne samavet svar mein ise doharaaya to poora aasmaan vande maataram ke ghosh se goonj utha. is tarah achaanak hi vande maataram‌ aur bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam ko usaka prayaan-geet mil gaya. aravind ghosh ne is avsar ka bada romaanchak chitr kheencha hai. 1906 mein angrej sarkaar ne vande maataram‌ ko kisi adhiveshan, juloos ya saarvajanik sthal par gaane se pratibandhit kar diya gaya.

prasiddh neta sureindranaath Bannerjee aur amrut baajaar patrika ke sampaadak Motilal ghosh ne baareesaal mein ekatr hue yuva Congress adhiveshan ke pratinidhiyon se charcha ki. 14 April 1906 ko angrej sarkaar ke pratibandhaatmak aadeshon ki avajnyaa karke ek poora juloos vande maataram‌ ke baij lagaae hue nikaala gaya aur police ne bhayankar laathi chaarj kar vande maataram ke in deevaanon par hamla kar diya. Motilal ghosh aur sureindr naath Bannerjee jaise log rakt rajit hokar sadko par gir pade, unke saath saikadon logon ne police ki laathiyaaain khaai aur laathiyaaain khaate khaate vande maataram ka ghosh karte rahe..

agale din adhiveshan fir vande maataram‌ geet se shuroo hua. 6 August 1906 ko aravind Calcutta aa gaye aur vande maataram‌ ke naam se ek angreji dainik hi nikaalna shuroo kiya. sistar nivedita ne pratibandh ke baavajood nivedita girls schoolon mein vande maataram‌ ko dainik praarthanaaon mein shaamil kiya.

lekin nooraani akele naheen hain jinko devi ya maata jaise shabd bhi saampradaayik lagte hain, 13 March 2003 ko Karnataka ke praathamik evam sekendari shiksha ke tatkaaleen raajya mantri bi-ke-chandrashekhar ne 'prakruti' shabd ke saath 'devi lagaane ko ''hindu evam saamdaayik maankar ek sadasya ke bhaashan par aapatti ki thi. tab us aahat sadasya ne poochha tha ki kya 'Bhaarat maata, 'kannad bhuvaneshvari aur 'kannad ambe jaise shabd bhi saamdaayik aur hindu hain?

1905 mein gaaaindheeji ne likha- aaj laakhon log ek baat ke liye ekatr hokar vande maataram‌ gaate hain. mere vichaar se isne hamaare raashtreeya geet ka darja haasil kar liya hai. mujhe yeh pavitra, bhaktiprak aur bhaavanaatmak geet lagta hai. kai anya raashtrageeton ke vipreet yeh kisi anya raashtra-raajya ki nakaaraatmakataaon ke baare mein shor-sharaaba nah karta. 1936 mein gaaaindheeji ne likha - '' kavi ne hamaari maatrubhoomi ke liye jo anake saarthak visheshan prayukt kiye hain, ve ekdam anukool hain, inka koi saani naheen hai.

ab hamaari jimmedaari hai ki ham in visheshanon ko yathaarth mein badalein. iska srot kuchh bhi ho, kaise bhi aur kabhi bhi iska srujan hua ho, yeh Bengal ke vibhaajan ke dauraan hinduon aur musalmaanon ki sabse shaktishaali ranabheri thi. ek bachche ke roop mein jab mujhe aanandamath ke baare mein kuchh naheen maaloom tha aur na iske amar lekhak bankim ke baare mein, tab bhi vande maataram‌ mere hradaya par chha gaya. jab mainne ise pehli baar suna, gaaya, isne mujhe romaanchit kar diya. main ismein shuddhatam raashtreeya bhaavana dekhta. mujhe kabhi khyaal nah aaya ki hindu geet hai ya sirf hinduon ke liye racha gaya hai.

desh ke baahar 1907 mein Germany ke stutagaart mein antarraashteeya soshalist Congress ka adhiveshan shuroo hone ka tha jismein pan- shyaamaji varma, maidam kaama, vinaayak saavarakar aadi bhaag le rahe the. Bhaarat ki svatantrata par sankalp paarit karne ke liye uth maidam kaama ne bhaashan shuroo kiya, aadhunik Bhaarat ke pehle raashtreeya jhande ko faharaakar. is jhande ke madhya mein devanaagari mein ankit tha vande maataram‌. 1906 se yeh geet bhaarateeyon ki ekta ki aavaaj ban gaya. mantra ki visheshata hoti hai- usaki akhandata yaani inteegriti. mantra apni sanpoornata mein hi sunane maatr se se bhaav paida karta hai. jab

1906 se 1911 tak yeh vande maataram‌ geet poora gaaya jaata tha to is mantra mein yeh taakat thi ki Bengal ka vibhaajan britaani hukoomat ko vaapas lena pada, lekin, 1947 tak jabki is mantra geet ko khandit karne par tathaakathit 'raajaneetik sahamati ban gayi tab tak Bhaarat bhi itna kamjor ho gaya ki apna khandan naheen rok saka yadi is geet mantra ke tukade pehle hue to usaki parinti desh ke tukade hone mein hui.

madanalaal dheengara, full chaaki, khudeeraam Bose, sooryasen, raamaprasaad bismil aur anya bahut se kraantikaariyon ne vande maataram kahi kar faasi ke fande ko chooma. bhagat Singh apne pita ko patra vande maataram‌ se abhivaadan kar likhte the. subhaashachan Bose ki aajaad hind fauj ne is geet ko angeekaar kiya aur Singapore radio station se iska saaran hota tha.

1938 mein swayam neharooji ne likha-' tees saal se jyaada samay se yeh geet bhaarateeya raashtravaad se pratyaksh roop se juda raha hai. 'aise jan geet Taylor med naheen hote aur na hi ve logon ke dimaag par thope ja sakte hain. ve swayam apni ooainchaaiya haasil karte hain. yeh baat alag hai ki ravinnaath tegaur, pan॰ paluskar, dakshinranjan sen, dileep Kumar rai, pan- onkaaranaath thaakur, keshavaraav bhole, vishnupanth paaganis, master krushnaavaraav, veedi anbhaaikar, timir baran bhaachaarya, hemant Kumar, M S subba lakshmi, lata mangeshakar aadi ne ise alag alag raagon, kaafi mishr khanbhaavati, bilaaval, baageshvari, jhinjhauti, Karnataka shaili aadi raagon mein gaakar ise har tarah se samrudhd kiya hai. badi bheed bhi ise ga sakti hai, yeh master krushnaaraav ne Pune mein pachaas hajaar logon se is geet ko gavaaya aur sabhi ne ek svar mein bagair kisi galati ke isko gaakar is geet ki saralata ko sidhd kiya. fir unhonne policewaalon ke saath ise March saang banaakar dikhaaya. videshi baindon par bajaane laayak siddh karne ke liye unhonne british neval baind cheef stenalebils ki madad se iska sangeet taiyaar karavaaya.

26 October 1937 ko pan- javaaharalaal Nehru ki adhyakshata mein Calcutta mein Congress ki kaaryasamiti ne is vishay par ek prastaav sveekrut kiya. iske anusaar '' yeh geet aur iske shabd visheshat: Bengal mein aur saamaanyat: saare desh mein british saamraajyavaad ke khilaaf raashtreeyaya tirodh ke prateek ban gaye. 'vande maataram‌ ye shabd shakti ka aisa pastrot ban gaye jisne hamaari janta ko prerit kiya aur aise abhivaadan ho gaye jo raashtreeya svatantrata sangraam ki hamein hamesha yaad dilaata rahega.

geet ke pratham do chhand sukomal bhaasha mein maatrubhoomi aur uske upahaaron ki prachurata ke baare mein desh mein bataate hain. unamein aisa kuchh bhi naheen hai jis par dhaarmik ya kisi anya drushti se aapatti uthaai jaae.

sandarbh va baahari kadiyaaain