vallabhaachaarya

akhand bhoomandalaachaarya jagadguru mahaaprabhu shreemad vallabhaachaarya ji
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chitr:Vallabh hadwriting.JPG
The Handwritten note of Vallabhacharya in telugu in the 'Bahi' of one shri Narottam- a brahman priest in Gaya

bhaktikaaleen sagunadhaara ki krushnabhakti shaakha ke aadhaarastanbh evam pushtimaargake praneta shreevallabhaachaaryaji (1479-1531) ka praadurbhaav vikram sanvat 1535, vaishaakh Krishna ekaadashi ko dakshin Bhaarat ke kaankaravaad graamavaasi tailang braahman shreelakshmanabhattaji ki patni ilammaagaaroo ke garbh se hua. yeh sthaan vartamaan Chhattisgarh raajya ke Raipur ke nikat champaaranya hai. unhein vaishvaanaraavataar (agni ka avataar) kaha gaya hai. ve vedashaastr mein paarangat the.

mahaaprabhu vallabhaachaarya ke sammaan mein Bhaarat sarkaar ne san 1977 mein ek rupaye moolya ka ek daak ticket jaari kiya tha.

anukram

deeksha

shreeroodrasanpradaaya ke shreevilvamangalaachaaryaji dvaara inhein ashtaadashaakshar gopaalamantr ki deeksha di gayi. tridand sannyaas ki deeksha svaami naaraayanendrateerth se praapt hui. vivaah pandit shreedevabhattaji ki kanya- mahaalakshmi se hua aur yathaasamaya do putr hue- shri gopeenaath va shreevitthalanaath. bhagavatpreranaavash ve vraj mein gokul pahunche aur tadanantar vrajakshetr sthit gova‌aarddhan parvat par apni gaddi sthaapit kar shishya pooranamal khatri ke sahayog se unhonne sanvat 1576 mein shreenaath ji ke bhavya mandir ka nirmaan karaaya. vahaan vishisht seva-paddhati ke saath leela-gaan ke antargat shreeraadhaakrushn ki madhuraatimdhur leelaaon se sambandhit rasamaya padon ki svar-lahari ka avagaahan kar bhaktajan nihaal ho jaate.

mat

shreevallabhaachaaryaji ke mataanusaar teen sveekaarya tatt‍aa‌aav hain- brahm, jagat aur jeev. brahm ke teen svaroop varnit hain- aadhidaivik, aadhyaatmik evam antaryaami roop. anant divya gunon se yukt purushottam shreekrushn ko hi parabrahm sveekaarate hue unke madhur roop evam leelaaon ko hi jeev mein aanand ke aavirbhaav ka srot maana gaya hai. jagat brahm ki leela ka vilaas hai. sampoorn srushti leela ke nimitt brahm ki aatm-kruti hai.

siddhaant

Bhagwan shreekrushn ke anugrah ko pushti kaha gaya hai. Bhagwan ke is vishesh anugrah se utpann hone waali bhakti ko 'pushtibhkti' kaha jaata hai. jeevon ke teen prakaar hain- pushti jeev jo Bhagwan ke anugrah par nirbhar rahate hue nityaleela mein pravesh ke adhikaari bante hain), maryaada jeev [jo vedokt vidhiyon ka anusaran karte hue bhinn-bhinn lok praapt karte hain] aur pravaah jeev [jo jagat-prapanch mein hi nimgn rahate hue saansaarik sukhon ki praapti hetu satat cheshtaarat rahate hain].

bhagavaan shreekrushn bhakton ke nimitt vyaapi vaikunth mein [jo vishnu ke vaikunth se oopar sthit hai] nitya kreedaaen karte hain. isi vyaapi vaikunth ka ek khand hai- golok, jismein yamuna, vrundaavan, nikunj va gopiyaan sabhi nitya vidyamaan hain. bhagavadseva ke maadhyam se vahaan Bhagwan ki nitya leela-srushti mein pravesh hi jeev ki sarvottam gati hai.

premalakshana bhakti ukt manorath ki poorti ka maarg hai, jis or jeev ki pravrutti maatr bhagavadnugrah dvaara hi sambhav hai. shri manmahaaprabhu vallabhaachaaryaji ke pushtimaarg [anugrah maarg] ka yahi aadhaarbhoot siddhaant hai. pushti-bhakti ki teen uttarottar avasthaaen hain-prem, aasakti aur vyasan. maryaada-bhakti mein bhagavadpraapti shamadamaadi saadhanon se hoti hai, kintu pushti-bhakti mein bhakt ko kisi saadhan ki aavashyakta na hokar maatr bhagavadkrupa ka aashray hota hai. maryaada-bhakti sveekaarya karte hue bhi pushti-bhakti hi shreshth maani gayi hai. yeh Bhagwan mein man ki nirantar sthiti hai. pushtibhkti ka lakshan yeh hai ki Bhagwan ke svaroop ki praapti ke atirikt bhakt anya kisi fal ki aakaanksha hi na rakhe. pushtimaargeeya jeev ki srushti bhagavatsevaarth hi hai- bhagavadroop sevaarth tatsrushtirnaanyatha bhavet. premapoorvak bhagavatsevaabhakti ka yathaarth svaroop hai-bhaktishch premapoorvikaaseva. bhaagavateeya aadhaar (krushnastu Bhagwan swayam) par Bhagwan Krishna hi sada sarvadaasevya, smaraneeya tatha keertaneeya hain-

sarvada sarvabhaaven bhajaneeyo brajaadhip:...tasmaatsarvaatmana nityan shreekrushn: sharanan mam.

brahm ke saath jeev-jagat ka sambandh niroopan karte hue unka mat tha ki jeev brahm ka sadansh[sad ansh] hai, jagat bhi brahm ka sadansh hai. ansh evam anshi mein bhed na hone ke kaaran jeev-jagat aur brahm mein paraspar abhed hai. antar maatr itna hai ki jeev mein brahm ka aanandaansh aavrutt rahata hai, jabki jad jagat mein iske aanandaansh va chaitanyaansh donon hi aavrutt rahate hain.

shreeshankaraachaarya ke advaitavaad kevalaadvait ke vipreet shreevallabhaachaarya ke advaitavaad mein maaya ka sambandh asveekaar karte hue brahm ko kaaran aur jeev-jagat ko uske kaarya roop mein varnit kar teenon shuddh tatvon ka aikya pratipaadit kiye jaane ke kaaran hi ukt mat shuddhaadvaitavaad kahalaaya [jiske mool pravartak aachaarya shri vishnusvaameeji hain].

pramukh granth

shri vallabhaachaarya ne anek bhaashyon, granthon, naamaavaliyon, evam stotron ki rachana ki hai, jinmein pramukh nimnalikhit ye solah sammilit hain, jinhein 'shodash granth' ke naam se jaana jaata hai –

1. yamunaashtak
2. baalabodh
3. siddhaant muktaavali
4. pushtipravaahamaryaadaabhed
5. siddhaantarahasya
6. navaratnastotr
7. ant:karanaprabodh
8. vivekadhairyaashraya
9. shreekrushnaashraya
10. chatu:shloki
11. bhaktivrdhini
12. jalabhed
13. panyachapadyaani
14. sannyaasanirnaya
15. nirodhalakshan
16. sevaafal

aapka shuddhaadvait ka pratipaadak pradhaan daarshanik granth hai - anubhaashya [brahmasootr bhaashya athva uttarameemaansa]. inke atirikt aap dvaara praneet kai anya granth, jaise - 'tatvaarthadeepanibndh', 'purushottam sahasranaam', 'patraavalamban', 'panyachashloki', poorvameemaansaabhaashya, Bhagwat ke dasham skandh par subodhini teeka aadi bhi prasiddh hain. 'madhuraashtak' stotr mein aapne Bhagwan shreekrushn ke svaroop, gun, charitra, leela aadi ke maadhurya ko atyant madhur shabdon aur bhaavon se niroopit kiya hai.

shodash granthon ki teekaaeain tatha hindi anuvaad

mahaaprabhu vallabhaachaarya ke shodash granthon par shri hariraaya ji, shri kalyaan rai ji, shri purushottam ji, shreeraghunaath ji aadi anek vidvaanon dvaara sanskrut bhaasha mein teekaaen upalabdh hain. sarvasaadhaaran ke liye bhaasha ki jatilta ke kaaran granthon aur teekaaon ke marm ko samajhna kathin raha hai, kintu shri vallabhaachaarya ke hi ek vidvaan vanshaj Goswami Rajkumar nrutyagopaalaji ne pratyek granth ki samast teekaaon ko na keval ek jagah sankalit kiya hai, balki pushtimaarg ke bhakton tatha anuyaayiyon ke laabh ke liye unka hindi anuvaad bhi sulabh karaaya hai. klisht teekaaon ke hindi anuvaad ke saath adhik spashtata ke liye unhonne pratyek granth par apni swayam ki teeka bhi ki hai. ye sabhi teekaaeain solah pustakon ke roop mein chhapi hain. nimn taalika mein shri vallabhaachaarya ke granthon ki sangraheet teekaaon ke saath hi shri Rajkumar nrutyagopaalaji ki teeka ka ullekh hai.[1]

  • chatu:shloki – madhya teeka, 2002
  • bhaktivrdhini – sanyukta teeka, 2002
  • siddhaant-rahasyam – disha teeka, 2002
  • ant:karanaprabodh: – aruna teeka, 2003
  • vivekadhairyaashray: – aaloka teeka, 2003
  • krushnaashrayastotram – sangini teeka, 2004
  • navaratnam – gopaalaketini teeka, 2005
  • nirodhalakshanam - manojnyaa teeka, 2007
  • sevaafalam - anusyoota teeka, 2009
  • pushtipravaahamaryaadaabhed: – mekhala teeka, 2010
  • shri yamunaashtakam – shri teeka, 2011
  • jalabhed: tatha panyachapadyaani - manojnyaa teeka, 2011
  • sannyaasanirnay: - jnyaaapini teeka, 2012
  • baalabodh: – bodhika teeka, 2012
  • siddhaantamuktaavali – praachi teeka, 2013

shishya parampara

shri vallabhaachaaryaji ke chauraasi shishyon ke alaava anginat bhakt, sevak aur anuyaayi the. unke putr shreevitthalanaathaji (gusaainji) ne baad mein unke chaar pramukh shishyon - bhakt sooradaas, krushnadaas, paramaanand das aur kumbhanadaas, tatha apne swayam ke chaar shishyon - nandadaas, chheetasvaami, govindasvaami tatha chaturbhujadaas, jo sabhi shreshth kavi tatha keertanakaar bhi the, ka ek samooh sthaapit kiya jo “ashtachhaapa” kavi ke naam se prasiddh hai. sooradaasaji ki sachchi bhakti evam pad-rachana ki nipunata dekh ati vinyi sooradaasaji ko bhaagavat katha shravan karaakar bhagavalleelaagaan ki or unmukh kiya tatha unhein shreenaathajeeke mandir ki ki‌arttan-seva saunpi. unhein tatv gyaan evam leela bhed bhi batalaaya-shreevallabhaguroo tatt‍aa‌aav sunaayo leela-bhed bataayo [soorasaaraavali]. soor ki guru ke prati nishtha drushtavya hai- bharoso drudh in charanan kero. shreevallabh-nakh-chandra-chhata binu sab jag maanjh andhero. shreevallabhake prataap se pramatt kumbhanadaasaji to samraat Akbar tak ka maan-mardan karne mein naheen jhijhke- paramaanandadaasaji ke bhaavapoorn pad ka shravan kar mahaaprabhu kai dinon tak besudh pade rahe. maanyata hai ki upaasya shreenaathaji ne kali-mal-grasit jeevon ka uddhaar hetu shreevallabhaachaaryaji ko durlabh aatm-nivedan-mantr pradaan kiya aur gokul ke thakuraani ghaat par yamuna mahaaraani ne darshan dekar krutaarth kiya.

aasuravyaamoh leela

vikram sanvat 1587, aashaadh shukl truteeya (san 1531) ko unhonne alaukik reeti se ihaleela sanvaran kar sadeh prayaan kiya, jise 'aasuravyaamoh leela' kaha jaata hai. vaishnav samudaaya unka chirrini hai.

sandarbh

  1. “ashreemadvallabhaachaarya dvaara praneet shodash granthon ki mool sahit sanskrut teekaaon ka sankalan, hindi anuvaad tatha saraleekaran teeka (16 pustakon mein)”, Goswami Rajkumar nrutyagopaalaji, “acharanaata”, thaakur vilej, kaandivli (poo.), mumbai-400101 (Maharashtra)

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