vaiyaakaran

vaiyaakaran (angreji:Grammarian) aise vyakti ko kaha jaata hai jo vyaakaran ka visheshagya ho tatha is vishay par poora adhikaar rakhata ho.

anukram

praacheen samay ke vaiyaakaran

paanini (lagbhag 500 i॰ poo॰) sanskrut ke sabse prasiddh tatha sammaanit vaiyaakaran huye hain. unka granth ashtaadhyaayi sanskrut vyaakaran ka sabse pratishthit granth hai. paanini ke poorvavarti vaiyaakaranon mein yaask, shaakataayan, shaunak, shaakalya, sfotaayan aadi huye hain.

paanini ke paravarti vaiyaakaranon mein kaatyaayan muni, patanjali muni aadi shaamil hain. kaatyaayan muni ne lagbhag 350 i॰ poo॰ mein tippani rup mein vaartik likhe. tatpashchaat patanjali muni ne 150 i॰ poo॰ ke lagbhag ashtaadhyaayi par mahaabhaashya naam se bhaashya likha. vyaakaran shaastr mein paanini, kaatyaayan tatha pantajali ko trimuni athva munitraya kaha gaya hai.

iske atirikt vaaman aur jayaaditya ne milkar 600 i॰ ke lagbhag kaashikaavruti ki rachana ki. yeh ashtaadhyaayi ki sarvashreshth vyaakhya maani jaati hai. raamachandr (1100 i॰) ne prakriya kaumudi tatha bhattoji Dixit ne siddhaant kaumudi naamak prakriya granthon ki rachana ki. siddhaant kaumudi ki shaili par madhyasiddhaantakaumudi ki rachana huyi aur varadaraaj ne kuchh aavashyak niyamon ko dhyaan mein rakhate huye laghusiddhaantakaumudi ki rachana ki.

baad mein vyaakaran ke darshan paksh par anek granth likhe gaye. 600 i॰ ke lagbhag bhartruhari ne vaakyapadeeya likha. iske atirikt inki mahaabhaashyadeepika bhi vyaakaran ka mahatvapoorn granth hai. isi parampara mein 1650 i॰ ke lagbhag kaundabhatt ka vaiyaakaranabhooshanasaar aur naageshabhatt ki 1700 i॰ ke lagbhag rachit vaiyaakaranasiddhaant laghumanjoosha prasiddh hai.

paanini ki ashtaadhyaayi parampara ke atirikt bhi kuchh aachaaryon ke naam se vyaakaran sampradaaya prachalit huye. inmein kaatantr, chaandr, shaakataayan, haim, saarasvat tatha saupadm pramukh hain.

kuchh anya puraane vaiyaakaran hain-

aadhunik samay ke kuchh vaiyaakaran

hindi ke vaiyaakaran

vyaakaran ke kuchh pashchimi vidvaan

kuchh pashchimi viddhaanon ne bhi hindi evam sanskrut vyaakaran sambandhi kuchh pustakein likhi. yadyapi inko vaiyaakaranon ki shreni mein to naheen rakha ja sakta parantu vishay se sambandhit hone se unka naam bhi neeche diya ja raha hai.

  • heraasim stepanovich lebidov
  • beinjaamin shoolj
  • edavin greevj
  • dankan Forbes
  • sar moniyr Williams
  • jaan jeshuaa ketaler
  • revareind semual ऍcha॰ kelaag
  • paadari etharingatan saahib
  • paadari Matthew thaamasan Adam
  • dau॰ ऍla॰ pee॰ teseetairi
  • James raabart bailan taain
  • ऍcha॰ see॰ sholavarg
  • dau॰ griyrsan
  • raabart kaatan maithar
  • kaisiyaano beligtti
  • John beems
  • fedrik pinkaut
  • William price
  • aagastas rudolf haarnale

inhein bhi dekhein