vaitikn city

Vatican city raajya
Status Civitatis Vaticanae (laitin)
Stato della Città del Vaticano (itaaliyn)
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: none
raashtragaan: Inno e Marcia Pontificale
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
Vatican city1
41°a54′aN 12°a27′aE / 41.9°aN 12.45°aE / 41.9; 12.45
raajabhaasha(eain) laitin2, itaaliyn
sarkaar girjaaghar sambandhi
svatantrata
kshetrafal
- kul 0.44 varg kilometer (234 vaan)
0.17 varg meal
- jal (%) 0 bvnbvnbvnbvnbvn
janasankhya
- July 2005 janaganana 783 (228 vaan)
mudra Euro 4 (EUR)
samay mandal seeiti (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+1)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) seeiesati (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
doorabhaash koot 39
Internet teeeladi .va
1 Vatican city ek shahar raajya hai.
2 aadhikaarik uddeshya ke liye istemaal. vaastavik taur par istemaal ki jaane waali bhaashaaon mein itaaliyn, jarman, angreji, Spanish, fraanseesi aur purtagaali, jinmein se itaaliyn ka istemaal aam hai. Pope ke suraksha guard (paupaale Swiss guard) ki bhaasha jarman hai.

vaitikn shahar (/ˈvætɨkəaan ˈsɪti/; itaalavi : Città del Vaticano [tʃaaitˈaata del vatiˈaakaːaano]; laatin : Civitas Vaticana) Europe mahaadveep mein sthit ek desh hai. pruthvi par sabse chhota, svatantr raajya hai, jiska kshetrafal keval 44 hekteyar (108.7 ekad) hai. yeh Italy ke shahar rom ke andar sthit hai. iski raajabhaasha hai laatini. isaai dharm ke pramukh saampradaaya roman Catholic church ka yahi kendra hai aur is sampradaaya ke sarvochch dharmaguru Pope ka yahi nivaas hai. yeh nagar, ek prakaar se, rom nagar ka ek chhota sa bhaag hai. ismein seint Peter girjaaghar, vaitikn praasaadasamooh, vaitikn baag tatha kai anya girjaaghar sammilit hain. san 1929 mein ek sandhi ke anusaar ise svatantr raajya sveekaar kiya gaya. is raajya ke adhikaari, 45 karod 60 lakh roman Catholic dharmaavalanbiyon se poojit, Pope hain. raajya ke raajanayik sambandh sansaar ke lagbhag sab deshon se hain. san 1930 mein Pope ki mudra pun: jaari ki gayi aur san 1932 mein iske railway station ka nirmaan hua. yahaaain ki mudra Italy mein bhi chalti hai.

aakarshak girjaagharon, makabaron tatha kalaatmak praasaadon ke atirikt vaitikn ke sangrahaalaya tatha pustakaalaya amoolya hain.

Pope ke sarkaari nivaas ka naam bhi vaitikn hai. yeh rom nagar mein, taaibar nadi ke kinaare, vaitikn pahaadi par sthit hai tatha aitihaasik, saanskrutik evam dhaarmik kaaranon se prasiddh hai. yahaaain ke praasaadon ka nirmaan tatha inki sajaavat vishvashrut kalaakaaron dvaara ki gayi hai.

itihaas

sant peetar chauk

aathaveen shataabdi E. mein rom ke niktavarti pradeshon par church ka shaasan sveekaar kiya jaane laga. is prakaar 'pepal states' ka praarambh hua. san 1870 E. mein Italy ne pepal states ko apne adhikaar me le liya, isse Italy aur church mein tanaav paida hua, kyonki roman kaithaalik church apne paramaadhyaksh ko isa ka pratinidhi jaanakar yeh aavashyak samajhta hai ki vah kisi raajya ke adheen na rahe. san 1929 E. mein Italy ne roman Catholic church ke saath samjhauta karke use sant Peter ke mahaamandir ke aaspaas lagbhag 109 ekad ki jameen de di aur us kshetr ko poorn roop se svatantr maan liya. is prakaar 'chittaadel vaatikaano' (Citta Del Vaticano) arthaat vaitikn nagar naamak ek naya svaayatt raajya utpann hua. use antararaashtreeya maanyata praapt hai aur uske apne sikke, apna daak vibhaag, radio aadi hain. uske naagrikon ki sankhya lagbhag 700 hai. us kendra se Pope poorn svatantrata se duniya bhar mein faile hue roman Catholic church ka aadhyaatmik sachaalan karte hain.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain