vaidik tatha puraanayugeen bundeli samaaj aur sanskruti

bundelakhand ke liye yadi yeh maan liya jaaye ki dravidon ke unnat kaal mein aaryon ka aakraman ya aagaman hua tha aur isi me vrutr ne indr ka pratirodh kiya tha to nishchit hai ismein hi vrutraasur hua hoga aur uske kaaran indr ka brahm hatya ka maargi banaaya jaana auchitya poorn siddh hota hai. Dwivedi ji ne kaha hai ki aaryon ne Bhaarat mein basane se poorv yahaaain ke tatkaaleen nivaasiyon ki us sabhyata ka dhvans kiya jise sindhu ghaati ki sabhyata ka naam diya gaya hai jiske pramukh kendra mohanajodaado aur hadppa maane gaye hain.

vaidik sanskruti saarvadeshik maani jaati hai. us samay mein bundelakhand ki kalpana yamuna aur narmada ke beech ke kshetr se ki jaati hai jis par naagon aur asuron ka hi aadhiptya tha. pauraanik bundelakhand ko samajhne ke liye efa0 aai0 paarjitr ke mat ko maanana sameecheen hoga. unke mataanusaar mool puraanon ki rachana isi kaal mein hui jab vaidik vaaङamaya ne antim rup dhaaran kiya.

tretaayug tak vindhya prushth mein riashiyon ka vaas ho gaya tha. vaalmeeki swayam Madhya Pradesh ke the. dasharathi Ram inke samakaaleen the. parashuraam ke pashchaat kaataveerya arjun ke pautr taalajangh ke samay mein haidayon ka utkarsh fir hua. taalajangh ke kai putron mein se vitihotr aur kundiker vindhyaachal mein (vartamaan bundelakhand mein) faili parvatamaala mein rahai. shri ena0 ela0 de ke mataanusaal is samay chedi raajya mein saagar ke samakaaleen raaja Vidarbh ke putr kaushik ne raajya kiya.

vaidik tatha upanishd yug mein dharm, raajanaitik, saamaajik, aarthik evam saahityik drushti se vikaas hua. dharm ke kshetr mein indr, varun, savita, agni aadi anek devataaon ki stuti hui. sabhi devon ko samaan star par maana gaya. yajnyaon ka aayojan hua. yajnyaon mein kramash: karm kaand ka praadhaanya aaya. isi samay praagravaidik tatha aarya dharm saadhana ka samanvaya hua. aage chalakar Shiv, skand aur yajnyaon ki pooja ne vaidik dharmon mein maanyata praapt ki tatha iska kaaran yeh tha ki netrutv donon dhaaraaon ka ek hi braahman varg mein tha.

vaidik kaal ke praarambh mein raajya ke sangathan ki ikaai gram tha jismein anek kul hote the. varn vyavastha ka praadhaanya hua. vibhinn riashiyon ne vaidik sanhitaaon ki rachana ki jinhein riagved, yajurved, saamaved aur atharvaved kaha gaya. unke atirikt braahman, aaranyak, upanishd, shraut evam gruh sootr vaidik saahitya mein tata vedaangon mein shiksha, kalp, vyaakaran, nivst, handas aur jyotish ki rachanaayein saamane I. moortikla ke sandarbh mein pan0 Dwivedi ka mat sameecheen hai ki vaidik dharm mein anantar vikaas hone par amoort devataaon ka sthaan moortimaan Shiv, vishnu aadi dvaara grahan kiye jaane par yooth-stambhein, yajnyaashaalaaon ke khambhon deevaaron aur vedikaaon par inki moortiyon ke poorv rup is kaal ke antim bhaag mein banane lage honge aur lok karm ke yaksh, naag, koorm, makar, vrush aadi bhi suvidhaajanak vaahan, alankaran aur mukhya devata ki bhaaainti apne yug ki pravrutiyon ke anurup nirmit araadhana sthalon mein moortikla ke abhipraaya bane honge. dhaatuon ka prayog aur krushi shikaar hi unka jeevan sanbal tha. aaryon ke aagaman se unki sanskruti, dharm, saamaajik sthiti mein antar aaya, ve samanvaya mein hi lage rahe. aaryon se unamein kathor jaati vyavastha ka sootrapaat hua. unke devata Shiv, skand, Krishna aadi ko vyaapak maanyata mili. bastiyon ka nirmaan, kalaatmak unnati aadi ke pun: kaarya hue. vaidik yug mein saamaajik jeevan ke sambandh mein do mat hain. ek mein aadarsh rup banaaya gaya hai aur doosare ko samaajashaasr ke aadhaar par kaha gaya hai. samaajashaasr ke aadhaar par praacheen vaidik kaal mein jahaan udaatt ka yug tha, uttar vaidik kaal vistaar viplv aur antardvend poorn hua. kabeelaai sanskruti k vikaas janapad mein hua. janapad bhi adhik samay tak na chale kaalaantar mein ve "raajya' mein badle. braahmanon aur kshatriyon ke sangharsh ka parinaam yeh hua ki upanishdon ke maadhyam se bhaarateeya darshan ke granth saamane aaye. saamaajik jeevan mein vivaah, uttaraadhikaari, dhaarmik, anushthaanon, sanskaaron aadi ke nishchit vidhaan the. vaidik yug ke baad parasri se, niyog dvaara santati utpann karne jaise niyamon ko tyaag diya gaya. vaidik yug mein samaaj mein varn vyavastha ne jor pakad. karmakaand ka praadhaanya hua. is samay bundelakhand mein pulind, dandak aur duchha shabar, vindhyamaaleeya, kurami, nishaad, kol aadi aisi jaatiyon ka praadhaanya tha jo abhi tak aaryon ke saath poornat: samaayojit na ho paaye the.