vaamanaavataar

vaaman
भगवान वामन राजा बलि से भिक्षा माँगते हुए।
Bhagwan vaaman raaja bali se bhiksha maaaingate hue.
devanaagari vaaman Vāamana (Dwarf)
kannad ಡaa್aaವaaಾaaರaa್aaಫaa್
sahabaddhata [swayam Bhagwan]
aavaas vaikunth
shastr sudarshan chakr
patni brahmachaari
paathya Bhagwat puraan, vishnu puraan, vaaman puraan
is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad

hindu dharm
par ek shreni ka bhaag

Om
itihaas · devata
sampradaaya · aagam
vishvaas aur darshanashaastr
punarjanm · moksh
karm · pooja · maaya
darshan · dharm
vedaant ·yog
shaakaahaar · aayurved
yug · sanskaar
bhakti {{hindu darshan}}
granth
vedasanhita · vedaang
braahmanagranth · aaranyak
upanishd · shreemadbhagavadgeeta
raamaayan · mahaabhaarat
sootr · puraan
shikshaapatri · vachanaamrut
sambandhit vishay
daivi dharm ·
vishv mein hindu dharm
guru · mandir devasthaan
yagya · mantr
shabdakosh · hindu parv
vigrah
praveshadvaar: hindu dharm

HinduSwastika.svg

hindu maapan pranaali
vaaman kueain se paani nikaalne jaate hue

vaaman vishnu ke paaainchave tatha treta yug ke pehle avataar the. iske saath hi yeh vishnu ke pehle aise avataar the jo maanav roop mein prakat hue — alabatta baune braahman ke roop mein. inko dakshin Bhaarat mein upendr ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai.

anukram

utpatti

vaaman Narayan

vaaman riashi kashyap tatha unki patni aditi ke putr the.[1] vah aadityon mein baarahavein the. aisi maanyata hai ki vah indr ke chhote bhaai the.

katha

vaaman ko teen pairon wala darshaaya gaya hai. trivikram roop mein ek pair dharati par, doosra aakaash arthaat devalok par tatha teesara bali ke sir par.

Bhagwat katha ke anusaar vishnu ne indr ka devalok mein adhikaar pun: sthaapit karne ke liye yeh avataar liya. devalok asur raaja bali ne hadp liya tha. bali virochan ke putr tatha prahlaad ke pautr the aur ek dayaalu asur raaja ke roop mein jaane jaate the. yeh bhi kaha jaata hai ki apni tapasya tatha taakt ke maadhyam se bali ne trilok par aadhiptya haasil kar liya tha.[2] vaaman, ek baune braahman ke vesh mein bali ke paas gaye aur unase apne rahane ke liye teen kadam ke baraabar bhoomi dene ka aagrah kiya. unke haath mein ek lakdi ka chhaata tha. guru shukraachaarya ke chetaane ke baavajood bali ne vaaman ko vachan de daala.

raaja bali se bhiksha maaaingate vaamanadev

vaaman ne apna aakaar itna badha liya ki pehle hi kadam mein poora bhoolok (pruthvi) naap liya. doosare kadam mein devalok naap liya. iske pashchaat brahma ne apne kamandal ke jal se vaaman ke paaainv dhoye. isi jal se ganga utpann huyeen.[3] teesare kadam ke liye koi bhoomi bachi hi naheen. vachan ke pakke bali ne tab vaaman ko teesara kadam rakhane ke liye apna sir prastut kar diya. vaaman bali ki vachanabaddhata se ati prasann huye. chooainki bali ke daada prahlaad vishnu ke param bhakt the, vaaman (vishnu) ne baali ko paataal lok dene ka nishchaya kiya aur apna teesara kadam baali ke sir mein rakha jiske falasvaroop bali paataal lok mein pahuainch gaye.
ek aur katha ke anusaar vaaman ne bali ke sir par apna pair rakhakar unako amaratv pradaan kar diya.[4] vishnu apne viraat roop mein prakat huye aur raaja ko mahaabali ki upaadhi pradaan ki kyonki bali ne apni dharmaparaayanata tatha vachanabaddhata ke kaaran apne aap ko mahaatma saabit kar diya tha. vishnu ne mahaabali ko aadhyaatmik aakaash jaane ki anumati de di jahaaain unka apne sadguni daada prahalaad tatha anya daiveeya aatmaaon se milna hua.[4]

vaaman ji ka shilaachitr, paatan Gujarat.

prateekaatmakata

trivikram (vaaman) ka bhitti chitr.

vaamanaavataar ke roop mein vishnu ne bali ko yeh paath diya ki danbh tatha ahankaar se jeevan mein kuchh haasil naheen hota hai aur yeh bhi ki dhan-sampada kshanabhangur hoti hai. aisa maana jaata hai ki vishnu ke diye varadaan ke kaaran prati varsh bali dharati par avatarit hote hain aur yeh sunishchit karte hain ki unki praja khushahaal hai.[4]

raamaayan mein

adhyaatm raamaayan ke anusaar vaaman Bhagwan raaja bali ke sutal lok mein dvaarapaal ban gaye[5][6] aur sadaiv bane raheinge.[7] tulaseedaas dvaara rachit raamacharitmaanas mein bhi iska aisa hi ullekh hai.[8]

sandarbh

  1. manusmruti san 1840 E. mein hores hemain Wilson dvaara anuvaadit vishnu puraan ki pustak sankhya 3 adhyaaya 1 mein shlok 265:22
  2. "vaamanaavataar". http://indianmythology.com/finish/seestory.php?storyID=18. abhigman tithi: 2012-04-11.
  3. "devagan". sanaatan society. http://www.sanatansociety.org/hindu_gods_and_goddesses/vamana.htm. abhigman tithi: 2012-04-11.
  4. a aa i "trivikram". vaikhari. http://www.vaikhari.org/vamana.html. abhigman tithi: 2012-04-11.
  5. P. 281 The Adhyatma Ramayana: Concise English Version By Chandan Lal Dhody
  6. P. 134 Srī Rūapa Gosvāamī's Bhakti-rasāaamṛaata-Sindhuh By Rūapagosvāamī, Bhakti Hridaya Bon
  7. P. 134 Sri Rūapa Gosvāamīas Bhakti-rasāamrta-sindhuh By Rūapagosvāamī
  8. P. 246 Complete Works of Gosvami Tulsidas By Satya Prakash Bahadur, Tulasīadāasa