vaaimar ganaraajya

Deutsches Reich
jarman raaikh
Flag of the German Empire.svg
1919 – 1933 Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg
ध्वज कुल चिन्ह
dhvaj kulachinh
raashtragaan
Das Lied der Deutschen
Location of जर्मनी
vaaimar kaal mein Germany ka kshetr
rajdhani barlin
bhaasha(eain) jarman bhaasha
sarkaar sangheeya ganatantr,
sansadeeya pratinidhik lokatantr (1919-1930)
aapaatkaaleen aadesh jaari karne se ekaadhikaar raajya (1930-1933)
raashtrapati
- 1918-1925 freedarik ऍbart
- 1925-1934 paul vaun hindanabarg
chaansalar
- 1919 filip shaaidamain
- 1919-1920 gustaav baauar
- 1920 harman muऍlar (pehli baar)
- 1920-1921 kaunsataintin fairanabaakh
- 1921-1922 josaf varth
- 1922-1923 vilhailm koono
vidhaayika raaikhastaig
- vidhaanasabha raaikhasrait
aitihaasik yug do vishvayuddhon ke antaraal mein
- sansthaapit 11 August, 1919
- hitlar chaansalar niyukt 30 January 1933
- raaikhastaig (jarman sansad) ki aag 27 fravari 1933
- saksham banaane ka kaanoon 23 March, 1933
kshetr
- 1925[1] 4,68,787 km² (1,81,000 sq mi)
janasankhya
- 1925[1] est. 6,24,11,000
ghanatv 133.1 /ki.mee² (344.8 /varg meal)
mudra mark (ℳ), saamaanya bhaasha mein paipiamaark (1919-1923)
jarman rainatainamaark
(1923-1924)
raaikhamaark (ℛaaℳ) (1924-1933)
vartamaan mein Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Flag of Russia.svg Russia
oopar darshaaya kulachinh 1928 tak laagoo tha, fir use badal diya gaya jo ki dhvaj aur kulachinh anubhaag mein darshaaya gaya hai.[2]

vaaimar ganaraajya [ˈaavaɪaamaʁaaɐ ʁaaepuˈaabliːaak] ( sunein)) itihaasakaaron dvaara Germany ki us pratinidhik lokataantrik sansadeeya sarkaar ko diya hua naam hai jisne Germany mein pratham vishvayuddh ke baad 1919 se 1933 tak shaahi sarkaar ke badle mein kaaryabhaar sambhaala tha. iska naam us jagah se pada jahaaain samvaidhaanik sadan ka gathan kiya gaya aur vaheen yeh pehli baar ekatrit hua. vaise Germany ka us samay aupachaarik naam jarman raaikh hi tha.
November 1918 mein pratham vishvayuddh ke pashchaat yeh ganaraajya jarman kraanti ki den tha. san 1919 E. mein vaaimar mein ek raashtreeya sammelan aayojit kiya gaya jahaaain jarman raaikh (shaasan) ke liye naya samvidhaan likha gaya aur usi varsh ke 11 August ko apna liya gaya. udaar lokatantr ka vah kaal 1930 ke dashak aane tak samaapt ho chuka tha, jiske falasvaroop san 1933 E. adolf hitlar tatha usaki naatsi party ka utthaan hua. naatsi party dvaara fravari se March 1933 ko jo kaanooni hathakande apnaaye gaye unhein saadhaaranat: glaaikshaalatuङ (samanvaya) kaha jaata hai jiska arth tha ki sarkaar samvidhaan ke vipreet bhi kaanoon bana sakti hai. yeh ganaraajya kaagj par san 1945 E. tak chalta raha kyonki iske dvaara banaaye gaye samvidhaan ko aupachaarik roop se kabhi nirast kiya hi naheen gaya haalaanki naatsiyon dvaara apne shaasanakaal ke shuruaat mein jo kdam uthaaye gaye the unke antargat yeh samvidhaan apraasangik ho chuka tha. yahi kaaran hai ki san 1933 ko vaaimar ka ant tatha hitlar ki teesari raaikh ka aarambh maana jaata hai.

anukram

dhvaj aur kulachinh

November kraanti

varsaaya ki sandhi

raainalaind par mitr raashtron ka adhigrahan

sankat ka samay (1919-1923)

atyadhik mudraasfeeti

sena

svarn yug (1924-1929)

patan (1930-1933)

aarthik asthirta

vaun paipan sauda

July 1932 ke chunaav

shlaaikar mantrimndal

hitlar ka chaansalar pad (1933)

madhya March mein hitlar mantrimndal ka adhiveshan

saksham banaane ke kaanoon ke liye vaartaalaap

saksham banaane ke kaanoon ka paas hona

pratikool parinaam

viraasat

sandarbh

  1. "Das Deutsche Reich im Üaaberblick". Wahlen in der Weimarer Republik. http://www.gonschior.de/weimar/Deutschland/index.htm. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2012.
  2. Cf. Der Großae Brockhaus: Handbuch des Wissens in zwanzig Bäanden: 21 vols., completely revis. ed., Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus, 151928–1935, vol. 4 (1929): "Vierter Band Chi–Dob", article: 'Deutsches Reich', pp. 611–704, here pp. 648 and 651. No ISBN.