uttar America ka itihaas

uttar America ka itihaas apni sanskrutiyon aur sabhyataaon ke maamale mein is mahaadveep ki vishaalata ke samaan hi samruddh hai, jo apne mein sudoor uttar mein eskimo se lekar Mexico ki aijtaik sabhyata tak aur dakshin mein olmek aur maaya sabhyataaon ko apne mein samete hue hai.

anukram

greenalaind

naurdik gaathaaon ke anusaar, greenalaind ki khoj 900 isveen mein naarvejiyaai naavik gunnajorn ne ki thi. 980 ke dashak mein, aaisalaind ke vaaiking sarvapratham Europeeya aagantuk the jo nirjan dakshin-pashchimi tat se hote hue greenalaind pahuainche the. 1536 mein, Denmark aur naarve aadhikaarik roop se ek ho gaye aur greenalaind dainish naarve ka ek adheenasth kshetr ban gaya.

vartamaan mein, sthaaneeya sarkaar inooit logon ki hai. November 2008 mein greenalaind ne svashaasan ke paksh mein matadaan kiya aur ab vah Denmark se svatantr hone ke ek kadam aur nikat hai.[1] sthaanon ke naam dainish se badalkar sthaaneeya bhaashaaon mein rakhe ja rahe hai. godthaab, jo is dweep par dainish sabhyata ka kendra hai, ab nook kaha jaata hai, jo aabhaaseeya samprabhu sarkaar ki rajdhani hai. 1985 mein is sarkaar dvaara greenalaind ke dhvaj ka nirmaan Denmark ke dhvaj ke rangon ke aadhaar par kiya. yadyapi, poorn samprabhuta aandolan ne abhi janamat praapt naheen kiya hai.

Canada

is kshetr mein aane vaale sarvapratham log saaiberiya se aae the, jo bering ki khaadi ko paar karke yahaaain pahuainche the aur inke kuchh samay baad Asia se antim inooit (eskimo) yahaaain aae the. yahaaain aane vaale sarvapratham Europeeya fraanseesi the. athaarahaveen sadi mein fraans aur inglaind ke madhya chal raha vivaad yahaaain is kshetr ke upaniveshon tak aa pahuaincha aur angrejon aur fraanseeseeyon ke beech ghamaasaan yuddh chhid gaya aur jiske parinaamasvaroop angrejon ki vijay hui. 1763 ki pairis sandhi ke baad new fraans ya vartamaan Canada ek british upanivesh ban gaya. iske kuchh varshon baad, Britain ne aupachaarik roop se fraanseesi naagrik kaanoon ko maanyata pradaan ki aur Canada ki fraanseesi bhaashi janasankhya ki dhaarmik aur bhaashaai svatantrata sveekaar ki.

1982 mein, kanaadiyaai samvidhaan mein bahut bade sudhaar kiye gaye: british uttar ameriki adhiniyam 1867 aur ismein hue bahut se sanshodhan 1982 mein, samvidhaan adhiniyam bana aur Canada ka samvidhaan bana. haal ke varshon mein kyoobek (Canada ka fraanseesi bhaashi bahul praant) ke logon ne raashtreeya ekeekaran ke mudde par bahut kuchh bola hai. 1980 aur 1995 mein hue janamat sangrahon mein is praant ke logon ne praant ki samprabhuta par mat diya hai aur adhikaansh madataan kyoobaik ke Canada mein bane rahane ke paksh mein hi hua hai.[2]

sanyukt raajya America

Mexico

  • Mexico ka itihaas (praagakolanbiya kaal)
  • Mexico par vijay
  • naya Spain
  • Mexico ki svatantrata
  • Mexico ka itihaas: svatantrata ke baad

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain