uttar America

uttar America
LocationNorthAmerica.png
kshetrafal 2,47,09,000 kimi2 (95,40,000 varg meal)
janasankhya 52,87,20,588 (July 2008 anu.)
janasankhya ghanatv 22.9/kimi2 (59.3/varg meal)
raashtreeyata uttari ameriki, ameriki
desh 23 (deshon ki soochi)
adheenasth kshetr uttari ameriki ke dashon ki soochi dekhein
bhaasha (eain) angreji, speni, fraanseesi aur anya
samay kshetr UTC-10 se UTC
bade nagar Mexico nagar, New York nagar, loss enjels, Toronto, Chicago

uttar America (angreji: North America; speni: Améarica del Norte; fraanseesi: Améarique du Nord) mahaaamerika (uttar aur dakshin America sanyuk roop se) ka uttari mahaadveep hai, jo pruthvi ke uttari golaardh mein sthit hai aur poornat: pashchimi golaardh mein aata hai. uttar mein yeh aarkatik mahaasaagar, poorv mein uttari andh mahaasaagar, dakshinpoorv mein kairibiyaai saagar aur pashchim mein uttari prashaant mahaasaagar se ghira hua hai. uttar America ka mukhya bhaag 40 uttari akshaansh se 830 uttari akshaansh tathaaa 530 pashchimi deshaantar se 1680 pashchimi deshaantar ke beech sthit hai. iska aakaar tribhuj ke samaan hai jiska sheersh dakshin ki or aur aadhaar uttar ki or hai. uttar America ka kul bhoobhaag 2,47,09,000 varg kilometer hai, pruthvi ki kul satah ka 4.8% ya kul bhoobhaag ka 16.5%. July, 2008 tak, iski anumaanit janasankhya 52.9 karod thi. kshetrafal ki drushti se yeh Asia aur afreeka ke baad vishv ka teesara sabse bada aur janasankhya ki drushti se yeh Asia, afreeka aur Europe ke baad chautha sabse bada mahaadveep hai.

anukram

naamotpatti

vyaapak roop se yeh maana jaata hai, ki uttar aur dakshin America ka yeh naam Martin vaaldasimyoolar aur maatthiyaas ringaman naamak do jarman maanachitrakaaron dvaara, amerigo vespoochi ke naam par rakha gaya, jo ek itaalavi khojakarta tha. vespoochi hi vah pehla Europeeya vyakti tha jisne yeh sujhaaya ki mahaaamerika poorvi indees naheen hain, balki ek nai duniya hai jo yooropeeyanon ko agyaat hai.

doosra kam prachalit prameya yeh hai, ki yeh naam Bristol ke ek angrej vyaapaari richrd amereek ke naam par pada, jisne John kaibaut ki 1497 mein England se nyoofaaundalaind tak ki gayi yaatra mein paisa lagaaya tha.

ek anya prameya yeh hai ki yeh naam amerindiya bhaasha se aaya.

itihaas

1750 se uttar America ka itihaas

jab pratham Europeeya khojakarta yahaaain pahuainche the to us samay yeh kshetr Asia se deshaj logon dvaara kiye gaye apravaasan se basaasit tha jo bering ki khaadi se hote hue yahaaain pahuainche the.

Europeeya upaniveshavaad ka kram is mahaadveep mein is prakaar tha: speni, fraanseesi aur angrej jinhonein poorvi tat se lekhar pashchimi tat tak is mahaadveep par shaasan kiya. kul milaakar Europeeya upaniveshavaad yahaaain ke mool logon ke liye haanikr raha. is upaniveshavaad ke kaaran mool logon ka paarshveekaran aur nirmoolan hua aur jo log bach gaye ve sabse kam upajaaoo, oosar aur banjar sthaanon par rahane ke liye vivsh ho gaye.

Europeeya upaniveshavaad apne saath bahut si beemaariyaaain bhi lekar aaya jo sthaaneeya logon ke liye nai thi aur is kaaran bhi bahut se mool logon ka vinaash hua kyonki in nai beemaariyon se ladne ki pratirodhak kshamata mool nivaasiyon mein naheen thi.

bhoogol

jalavaayu tatha vanaspati

antariksh se uttar America

uttar America ki jalavaayu aur vanaspati mein bahut vividhta pai jaati hai aur vishv ke lagbhag sabhi jalavaayu prakaar yahaaain paae jaate hain. uttar mein aarkatik tundra (greenalaind, yookaun (Canada)), vividh prakaar ke van (rauki parvat, appaalachiyn parvat aur the three madar), registaan (pinaakaate, jona dail silensiyo), maidaan (vishaal maidaan (great plens), shaayar laugoonera (Shire Lagunera), vaayushif (luijiyaana, tabaasko ityaadi) jaise jalavaayu prakaar yahaaain paae jaate hain.

maanav bhoogol

[[chit|thumb|175x175px|Mexico nagar, Mexico]] uttar America ki teen pramukh bhaashaaeain hai (bolne vaalon ki sankhya kram mein): angreji, speni aur fraanseesi. engloamerika shabd kabhi-kabhi donon ameriki mahaadveepon mein angreji bhaashi deshon ke liye prayukt hota hai. laitin America shabd un deshon ke liye prayukt hota hai jahaaain romaans bhaashaaeain (speni aur purtagaali) pramukhata se boli jaateen hain. dono hi shabdon ka upayog uttar ameriki mahaadveep ke liye kiya ja sakta hai.

  • angreji ek aadhikaarik bhaasha to naheen hai[1] lekin yeh sanyukt raajya America ki aam bhaasha aur pramukh bhaasha hai. yeh Canada ki bhi bahusankhyak bhaasha aur do aadhikaarik bhaashaaon mein se ek hai.[2] yeh british adhinsth baramooda dweep samooh ki bhi aadhikaarik bhaasha hai.
  • speni bhaasha aadhikaarik naheen hai lekin yeh Mexico ki aam bhaasha aur pramukh bhaasha hai aur sayunkt raajya America ki doosari sarvaadhik boli jaane waali bhaasha bhi hai. Mexico mein sansaar ki sarvaadhik speni bhaashi janasankhya nivaas karti hai aur Spain va arjenteena ke baad sanraaamerika vishv ka chautha sabse bada speni bhaashi desh hai.
  • fraanseesi bhaasha ki uttar America ke itihaas mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika rahi hai aur aaj bhi bahut se kshetron mein hai. yeh Canada ki do aadhikaarik bhaashaaon mein se ek hai aur iske kyoobek mein pramukhata se boli jaati hai aur yahaaain ki aadhikaarik bhaasha bhi hai. Canada ke hi naya barnasvik mein bhi yeh do aadhikaarik bhaashaaon mein se ek hai. nyoofaaundalaind ke tat par sthit sant piyr evam miklaan fraanseesi adhinsth hain aur yeh yahaaain ki bhi aadhikaarik bhaasha hai. iske atirikt America ke luijiyaana raajya mein bhi yeh bhaasha boli jaati hai.

janasaankhyakeeya drushti se uttar America prajaateeya aur nasleeya roop se bahut vividh hai. teen pramukh nasleeya samooh hain shvet, mestijo aur ashvet. inke atirikt badi sankhya mein amerindiyn aur Asiaee log bhi is mahaadveep mein rahate hain.

uttar America ke paaainch sarvaadhik janasankhya vaale mahaanagar:
1. मेक्सिको Mexico nagar, Mexico
2. संयुक्त राज्य New York nagar, sanyukt raajya America
3. संयुक्त राज्य loss enjels, sanyukt raajya America
4. संयुक्त राज्य Chicago, sanyukt raajya America
5. कनाडा toranto, Canada

maanav sansaadhan vikaas soochakaank ke anusaar uttar America ke teen pramukh desh:
1. Flag of Canada.svg Canada 0.967 (uchch)
2. Flag of the United States.svg sanyukt raajya America 0.950 (uchch)
3. Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 0.842 (uchch)

jal apavaah pranaali

koloredo nadi

uttar America ki nadiyaaain vibhinn dishaaon mein bahti hain. adhikaansh nadiyaaain pashchimi kaardalera arthaat raaki parvatamaala se niklati hain. raaki parvatamaala se nikalkar poorv se pashchim bahti hui prashaant mahaasaagar mein girne waali pramukh nadiyaaain yookan, frejar, kolambiya, snek evam saikraamente hain.[3] yookan nadi bering saagar mein girti hai tatha koloredo nadi dakshin-pashchim ki aur bahti hui kaileeforniya ki khaadi mein pravesh karti hai.

desh aur kshetr

uttar America raajanaitik drushti se teen svatantr aur samprabhuta sampann desho mein bainta hua hai: Canada, sanraaamerika aur Mexico. inke atirikt teen adhinsth kshetr bhi is mahaadveep mein hain: greenalaind, baramooda aur sant piyr aur miklaan.

desh
kshetrafal
(kimi2)
janasankhya
(January 2009 anumaanit)
janasankhya ghanatv
(kimi2)
rajdhani pramukh bhaashaaeain
Flag of Canada.svg Canada 99,85,700 3,33,11,389 3.0 otaava angreji aur fraanseesi (aadhikaarik)
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 21,00,380 10,99,55,400 20.0 Mexico nagar speni (raashtra bhaasha)
Flag of the United States.svg sanyukt raajya America 96,30,100 30,60,50,595 25.0 Washington dee॰ see॰ angreji (tathyat:) aur speni
adhinsth kshetr
Flag of Greenland.svg greenalaind 1 23,80,100 50,000 0.026 nook greenalaindi (aadhikaarik)
Flag of Bermuda.svg baramooda 2 55 60,000 1,233.33 haimiltan angreji (aadhikaarik)
Flag of France.svg sant piyr aur miklaan 3 245 7,000 29 sant piyr fraanseesi (aadhikaarik)

not:
1. greenalaind Denmark raajashaahi ka ek svaayattashaasi kshetr hai.
2. baramooda ek british paarasamudri kshetr hai.
3. sant piyr aur miklaan ek fraanseesi paarasamudri kshetr hai.

sandarbh

  1. America mein aadhikaarik bhaasha ki sthiti
  2. Canada ki do aadhikaarik bhaashaaeain
  3. tivaari, vijay shankar (July 2004). aalok bhoo-darshan. Calcutta: nirmal prakaashan. pa॰ 71.

baahari kadiyaaain