urdoo bhaasha


urdoo (اaaرaaدaaو)
اaaرaaدaaو
URDUARAB.PNG
uchchaaran: hindustaani: [ˈaaʊaard̪aau]
bolne ka sthaan: Pakistan, Bhaarat, Mauritius, dakshin afreeka, bahareen, fiji, ktar, omaan, sanyukt arab amiraat, sanyukt raajashaahi, Germany, sanyukt raajya America, Canada, surinaam, iraan, afgaanistaan, taajikistaan, ujbekistaan
maatrubhaashaaprayogakarta: 10-15 karod
bhaasha parivaar:
hind Europeeya
bhaasha code:
aaiesao 639-1 ur
aaiesao 639-2 urd
aaiesao 639-3 urd
bhaashaavedhashaala 59-AAF-q

urdoo bhaasha hind aarya bhaasha hai. ismein sanskrut ke tatsam shabd kam hain. ye mukhyat: dakshin Asia mein boli jaati hai. yeh Bhaarat ki sarkaari bhaashaaon mein ek hai , tatha Pakistan ki raashtra bhaasha hai .[1] is ke atirikt Bhaarat ke raajya telangaana, Delhi, Bihar[2] aur uttar pradesh ki sarkaari bhaasha hai .

anukram

'urdoo' shabd ki vyutpatti

'urdoo' shabd moolat: Turkey bhaasha ka hai tatha iska arth hai- 'shaahi shivir' ya 'khema'(tamboo). turkon ke saath yeh shabd Bhaarat mein aaya aur iska yahaaain praarambhik arth khema ya sainya padaav tha. shaahajahaaain ne Delhi mein laalakila banavaaya. yeh bhi ek prakaar se 'urdoo' (shaahi aur sainya padaav) tha, kintu bahut bada tha. at: ise 'urdoo' na kehkar 'urdoo A mualla' kaha gaya tatha yahaaain boli jaane waali bhaasha- 'jbaan A urdoo A mualla' (shreshth shaahi padaav ki bhaasha) kahalaai. bhaasha vishesh ke arth mein 'urdoo' shabd is 'jbaan A urdoo A mualla' ka sankshep hai.

saahitya

urdoo mein saahitya ka maidaan vishaal hai. ameer khusaro urdoo ke aadyakaal ke kaviyon mein ek hain. urdoo-saahitya ke itihaasakaar vali aurangaabaadi (rachanaakaal 1700 E. ke baad) ke dvaara urdoo saahitya mein kraantikaarak rachanaaon ka aarambh hua . shaahajahaaain ne apni rajdhani, Agra ke sthaan par, Delhi banaai aur apne naam par san 1648 E. mein 'shaahajahaaainnaabaad' aabaad kiya, laalakila banaaya. aisa maaloom hota hai ki iske baad se raajadarabaaron mein faarasi ke saath-saath 'jabaane-urdoo-A-mualla' mein bhi rachanaaeain tej hone lageen. yeh pramaan milta hai ki shaahajahaaain ke samay mein pandit chandrabhaan birhaman ne baajaaron mein boli jaane waali is janabhaasha ko aadhaar banaakar rachanaaeain keen. ye faarasi lipi jaante the. apni rachanaaon ko inhonne faarasi lipi mein likha. dheere-dheere Delhi ke shaahajahaaainnaabaad ki urdoo-A-mualla ka mahattv badhne laga.

urdoo ke kavi meer saahab (1712-181. E.) ne ek jagah likha hai-

dar fne rekhta ki sherast bataur sher faarasi b jbaane
urdoo-A-moalla shaahajahaaainnaabaad dehali.

bhaasha tatha lipi ka bhed raha hai kyonki baadashaahi darabaaron ki bhaasha faarasi thi tatha lipi bhi faarasi thi. unhonne apni rachanaaon ko janta tak pahuainchaane ke liye bhaasha to janta ki apna li, lekin unhein faarasi lipi mein likhte rahe.

lipi

urdoo nastaaleek lipi mein likhi jaati hai, jo faarasi-arabi lipi ka ek roop hai. urdoo daaeain se baaeain likhi jaati hai.

yeh bhi dekhein

  • urdoo shabd kosh : urdoo ke ve shabd jo hindi mein upayog mein laaye jaate hain unka arth aur sahi uchchaaran

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh