umar khayyaam

umar khayyaam (1048–1131) faarasi saahityakaar, ganitjnya evam jyotirvid the. inka janm uttar-poorvi faaras ke nishaabur (nishaapur) mein gyaagaraheen sadi mein ek khema banaane vaale parivaar[1] mein hua tha. inhonne islaami jyotish ko ek nai pehchaan di aur iske sudhaaron ke kaaran sultaan malikshaah ka patra (taareekh-A-malikshaahi), jalaali samvat ya seljuk samvat ka aarambh hua. inki rubaaiyon (chaar panktiyon mein likhi ek prakaar ki kavita) ko vishv stareeya karne mein angreji kavi Edward fijjeraald ka bahut yogadaan raha hai.

khayyaam ne jyaamiti beejaganit ki sthaapana ki, jismein usane aljebrik sameekaranon ke jyaamiteeya hal prastut kiye. ismein haaiparabola tatha vrutt jaisi jyaamiteeya rachanaaon dbaara kyoobik sameekaran ka hal shaamil hai. usane alajebra mein vyaapak dvighaat sameekaran ka bhi vichaar diya.

khagolashaastr mein kaarya karte hue umar khayyaam ne ek saur varsh ki doori dashamlav ke chh: sthaanon tak shuddh praapt ki. is aadhaar par usane ek nae calendar ka aavishkaar kiya. us samay ki Irani hukoomat ne ise jalaali calendar ke naam se laagoo kiya. vartamaan Irani kailandar jalaali calendar ka hi ek maanak roop hai.

sandarbh

  1. Bachchan, harivansh rai (2007). umar khaiyyaam ki rubaaiyaan. hind pauket books. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 81-216-1097-4.

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