ujjayini

ujjain ka prasiddh mahaakaaleshvar mandir

vartamaan ujjain nagar, jo ki Bhaarat ke madhya pradesh mein sthit hai, use praacheen kaal mein ujjayioni kaha jaata tha. isi se vartamaan naam ujjain pada hai. yeh saat mokshadaayini nagariyon, saptapuriyon mein aata hai.

anukram

ujjayini

sansaar mein sambhavat: koi bhi teerth sthaan aisa naheen hoga jise teethon ka teerth kaha ja sake. ek teerth ke roop mein anek nagariyon ki apni-apni maanyataaeain hain, vishvaas hai. parantu ujjain sahi maayane mein teerthon ka teerth hai. mahaakaaleshvar ki praanapratishtha yahaaain huin hain. aisi bhi maanyata hai ki mahaapralaya ke baad maanav srushti ka aarambh isi paavan bhoo-bhaag se hua hai.

mahaakaal teerth kshetr ki mahaanata kedaar teerth aur banaaras (kaashi) se bhi adhik maani gayi hai. sarvaadhik punyamaya bhoomi, adbhut paapanaashi, alaukik shaanti aur manovaanchhit fal dene mein is kshetr ka pruthvi par koi saani naheen hai.

mahaakaaleshvar aur veer vikramaaditya ki prasidhd nagari ujjain Bhaarat ki atyant praacheen nagari hai. bhaarateeya puraatan saahitya mein anek sthaanon par iski mahima aur vaibhav ke varnan hai. aitihaasik aur saanskrutik donon drushtiyon se ujjain (avantika) ka mahatva ullekhaneeya hai.

aaj jo nagar ujjain naam se jaana jaata hai vah ateet mein avantika, vishaala, pratiklpa, kumudavati, svarnashrunga, amaraavati aadi anek naamon se abhihit raha. maanav sabhyata ke praarambh se yeh Bhaarat ke ek mahaan teerth-sthal ke roop mein viksit hua. punya salila kshipra ke daahine tat par base is nagar ko Bhaarat ki mokshadaayak saptapuriyon mein ek maana gaya hai.

kaha jaata hai ki ujjayini ka pratyek kankar shankar ka hi svaroop hai. Bhaarat ke sarvajnyaaat dvaadash jyotirling mein se ek mahaalokesh Bhagwan mahaakaaleshvar to yahaaain anant kaal se viraajit hai hi. skand puraan ke avantikhand mein varnit chauraasi mahaadev ka apna alag hi maahatmya hai.

mahaakaal ki is nagari ka mahatva isaliye bhi hai ki yahaan par paanch vastu-shmashaan, ukhar, kshetr harasidhd peeth tatha van ek hi sthaan par hain, jo anyatr durlabh hai.

naalanda aur kaashi ke poorv ujjayini ne shaikshanik mahatta praapt kar li thi. isi kaaran balaraam-Krishna ko apne mitr sudaama ke saath ujjayini ke saandeepani aashram mein vidyaadhyayan ke liye aana patrada.

ujjayini sthit suprasidhd puraatan shiksha kendra mein chaaron vedon, vedaangon, upanishdon aadi ka saangopaang adhyaapan hota tha. mantra, devataaon ke gyaan, dharm shaasr, nyaaya shaasr, raajaneeti shaasr, hastashilp, ashv shiksha, samast kalaaon, lekha, ganit, gaandharv-ved, vaidyak-shaasr, asr-shasr aadi ki shiksha vyavastha yahaan par thi. shaasron ke prayogaki vidhivt kriyaatmak evam praayogik jaankaari di jaati thi. raajaneeti ke adhyeta sandhi, vigrah, yaan, aasan, dvedh aur aashray aadi chh:bhedon ka gyaan yahaan praapt karte the.

ujjayini ke gauravashaali vikramaaditya ke raajya mein nivaas karne vaale navaratnon ko hamesha yaad kiya jaata hai. inmein kavi-kulaguroo kaalidaas, prakaand jyotishi varaah mihir, aayurved ke sarvopari aachaarya dhanavantari, vaiyaakaran varooroochi, amarakosh ke rachayita or baudhd dharm ke aachaarya amar Singh, neetisaar granth ke rachayita ghat karpar, jyotish ke vidvaan kshapanak, tantr saadhan aur baitaal kathaao ke naam se janashrutiyon mein lokapriya baitaal bhatt aur shabar svaami ke putr shanku ka ullekh milta hai. jyotirvidaabharan mein ujjayini, vahaan ke raaja vikramaaditya, vikramaaditya ki vijyein, uske dvaara rom ke roja ko paraajit karna tatha uske aashrit nav ratnon sahit anek vidvaanon ki charcha paayi jaati hai.

sinhasth ke dhaarmik aadhyaatmik svaroop ko samajhne ke liya sinhasth maahaatmya mein ullekhit yeh panktiyaan kaafi hain-

kushasthali teerthavar, devaanaamapi, durlabham.

maadharv, dhavalein pakshe sinhe jeeve inoshchage.

tulaaraashau kshapaanaathe svaatithe poornima tithau.

vyatipaate tu sampraapse chandravaasar sanyute.

etenashat mahaayog: snaanaanmukti falaprada.

vaishaakh maas

vaishaakh maas mein avantika vaas ka vishesh punya kaha gaya hai. chaitr poornima se vaishaakhi poornima paryant kalpavaas, nitya kshipra snaan-daan, teerth ke pradhaan devataaon ke darshan, svaadhyaaya, manan-chintan, satsang, dharm granthon ka paathan-shravan, sant-tapasvi, vidvaan aur Wipro ki seva, sanyam, niyam, upavaas aadi ke sankalp ke saath teerthavaas ka mahatva hai. jo aasthaavaan vyakti baishaakh maas mein yahaan vaas karta hai, vah svat: shivroop ho jaata hai.

sinhasth kumbh

sinhasth mahaaparv ke avsar par ujjayini ka dhaarmik-saanskrutik mahatva svayamev kai guna batradh jaata hai. saadhu santon ka jamaav, sarvatr paavan svaron ka gunjan, shabd evam svar shakti ka aatmik prabhaav yahaan praani maatr ko alaukik shaanti deta hai.

sinhasth (Kumbh) mahaaparv dhaarmik va aadhyaatmik chetna ka mahaaparv hai. dhaarmik jaagruti dvaara maanavata, tyaag, seva, upakaar, prem, sadaacharan, anushaasan, ahinsa, satsang, bhakti-bhaav adhyayan-chintan param shakti mein vishvaas aur sanmaarg aadi aadarsh gunon ko sthaapit karne wala parv hai.

Kumbh mahaaparv mein bhaaratavaasiyon ki aatma, aastha, vishvaas aur sanskruti ka shankhanaad karti hai haridvaar, prayaag, Nasik aur ujjayini ki paavan saritaaon ke tat par. ujjain aur Nasik ka Kumbh (Singh raashi ke guroo mein) manaaye jaane ke kaaran sinhasth kahalaate hai. baarah varsh baad fir-fir aane vaale Kumbh ke maadhyam se ujjain ke kshipra tat par ubharata hai ek laghu Bhaarat.

bhaarateeya sanskruti, aastha or vishvaas ke prateek Kumbh ka ujjain ke liye keval pauraanik katha ka aadhaar hi naheen, apitu kaal chakr ya kaal ganana ka vaigyaanik aadhaar bhi hai. bhaugolik drushti se avantika-ujjayini ya ujjain karkaayan evam bhoomadhya rekha ke madhya bindu par avasthit hai.

bhaarateeya sanskruti ke samauchch darshan kahaan hote hain? is prashn ka sarvaadhik nirvivaad uttar hai mele aur parv. dhaarmik drushti se sinhasth mahaaparv ki apni mahima hai parantu iske samaajashaasreeya mahatva sebhi birle hi inkaar kareinge.

sinhasth saamaajik parivartan aur niyantran ki sthitiyon ko samajhne aur tad nuroop samaaj nirmaan ka ek shreshth avsar hai. ek maayane ke ham ise dvaadash varsheeya 'jan sammelan' kah sakte hain.

sinhasth parv ka sarvaadhik aakarshan vibhinn mataavalanbi saadhuonka aagaman, nivaas evam vishisht parvon par batrade utsaah, shradhda, pradarshan evam samoohabadhd apni-apni aniyon sahit kshipra snaan hai. laakhon ki sankhya mein darshak evam yaatreegan inka darshan karte hain aur inke snaan karne par hi swayam snaan karte hain. in saadhu-santon va unke akhaatradon ki apni vishisht paramparaaen hain.

mahaakaaleshvar mandir

bhootabhaavan Bhagwan mahaakaaleshvar ki ganana bhaaratavarsh ke suprasidhd dvaadash jyotirlingon mein ki gayi hai. puraanon ke anusaar Bhagwan mahaakaaleshvar avanti kshetr evam mahaakaal van ke shaiv kshetr ke kshetraadhipti maane gaye hain.

jyotirling mahaakaaleshvar svayanbhoo maane gaye hain. dakshinaamoorti hone se tantr ki drushti se unka vishisht mahatva hai. prativrsh laakhon teerthayaatri unke darshan kar swayam ko krutakrutya maanate hain. Kumbh ke paavan parv par pavitra kshipra mein snaan karte hain aur Bhagwan mahaakaal ke darshan karte hain.

praja va srushti ke kaaran roop, bhayavinaashak, devaaraadhit, dhyaanasth mahaatmaaon ke avyakt hrudaya mein ekaagr roop se viraajit, somalekha, kapaal evam mahivlaya se mandit-aadidev dvaadash jyotirlingon mein se ek Bhagwan mahaakaaleshvar ki jaya-jayakaar ko puneet-avantika nagari yug-yug se sunati aa rahi hai.

dekhein